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Deaf Culture History

The cats meow.

Lina Gonzales

on 25 October 2012

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Transcript of Deaf Culture History

Deaf History The Middle Ages -Deaf adults became ridiculed as Jesters -Committed to asylums and jailed because they were thought to be possessed by demons. -Punished (stoned, hanged, rejected from churches, etc.) for not being able to "hear" the word of God. The Early Finding's Thought the deaf were barbaric, reasonless, and senseless. Said deaf individuals were unintelligent. Stated that babies were born without the sense of hearing because the parents sinned and God was punishing them. Geronimo Cardano -Recognized deaf individuals as people. -Knew that deaf people could reason and were capable of genuine thoughts. -Began teaching deaf students, including his son. Ponce de Leon -He developed a custom sign language to communicate with other monks. -Some of the same signs were used later to teach the deaf. -Began teaching reading and writing to deaf students, as well as speech. Martha's Vineyard -A small island off the Massachusetts coast. -Deaf population grew quite rapidly in the 19th century. -Developed a sign language that is used heavily in ASL. -At one point, about 1:4 people were deaf. It was unanimously thought that deaf individuals were animals and of lesser value. Before the public began to realize that there were not more imperfections in deaf people than there were in the hearing, the highly cultural group was denied rights; they were bound by laws that were only to affect them, such as the denial to marry, to own property, and to testify as a witness in court. American School For The Deaf -Thomas H. Gallaudet departed for Europe to seek methods to teach the deaf. -American School for the Deaf was founded in Hartford, Connecticut -Amos Kendall donated two acres of land ot help expand the school. -Was used to house injured Civil War soldiers. -Later became known as the Kendall School. Samuel Heinicke -Deaf educator -Began teaching his deaf students how to speak. -Used a Language Machine to represent the mechanisms of speech. -Also used to food as a learning process. Cochlear Implants -It is NOT the same thing as a hearing aid. A hearing aid helps slightly damaged ears by amplifying sound, not by stimulating severely/entirely damaged or dead ears. -Person has to be at leat one year old to receive an implant. -Allows someone to hear, but not in a "natural" sound. Alexander Graham Bell -Created the telephone as an attempt to kindle her ability to hear. -Believed that deaf marriage and the offspring it created was an abomination. -Sparked a debate about the controversy of intermarriage of two deaf partners. Thomas Edison -Was hard of hearing for most of his childhood and became fully deaf during his teens. -Invented the moving picture, a milestone in history, not only for the hearing, but for the deaf.
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