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Transcript of Hamlet
Structure, Language, Conflict
Themes and Symbols
The guards see ghost of King Hamlet.
Horatio goes to Prince Hamlet.
Ghost reveals that Claudius killed him.
Claudius announces marriage to Gertrude.
Laertes goes to France, tells Ophelia not to trust Hamlet.
Polonius sends Reynaldo to spy on Laertes
Polonius believes Hamlet is love sick
Rosencrantz & Guildenstern spy on Hamlet
Hamlet acknowledges inaction.
Ophelia talks to Hamlet
Play scheduled for evening
Claudius reacts during play, asks forgiveness for sins
Gertrude talks to Hamlet. Hamlet murders Polonius
Gertrude betrays Hamlet
Claudius sends Hamlet to England, for execution.
Fortinbras crosses Hamlets path
Ophelia goes mad, and commits suicide.
Laertes returns from France to avenge father's death.
Hamlet returns to Denmark with pirates
Claudius & Laertes plot to kill Hamlet
Hamlet goes to graveyard with Horatio, discusses philosophy on death
Laertes & Hamlet fence
Gertrude drinks poison
Laertes & Hamlet wounded by poisonous swords.
Hamlet kills Claudius
Horatio tells tale.
Fortinbras sets things straight.
The Prince of Denmark. At the age of 30, Hamlet attempts to avenge his murdered father.
This mysterious apparition wears the armor of the late king. He encourages Hamlet to take revenge.
The king of Denmark. After he secretly murders his brother, Claudius marries his sister-in-law and becomes king.
The Queen of Denmark. She deeply cares for her troubled son but is easily manipulated by Claudius.
The king's loyal follower. Although he perceives himself as incredibly wise, Hamlet would argue otherwise.
The son of Polonius. An excellent fencer and loving son, Laertes becomes determined to avenge the death of his father. However, unlike Hamlet, he takes much more action.
Hamlet's most loyal friend. Throughout the entire story, Horatio stands by Hamlet whenever he needs help.
The Prince of Norway. Fortinbras serves as an authority figure who helps fix the social ladder.
Represents the inevitability of death to Hamlet. It also now makes death much more personal to Hamlet.
The ghost shows Hamlet the spiritual consequence of death. Because he died before he could confess his sins, King Hamlet is forced to suffer in Purgatory
-Hamlet and the ghost want revege on Claudius.
-Laertes wants revenge on Hamlet.
-Fortinbras wants revenge for his own father's death.
Death is an inevitable thing that eventually conquers all. No matter what social class a person belongs to, they will all end up the same.
-Claudius and King Hamlet are like Cain and Abel.
-The serpent that stings King Hamlet's life represents the Devil.
-The debate over Ophelia's burial.
Formal Vs. Informal
Hamlet fakes madness.
"Mouse Trap" play
-Throughout the play, the characters switch between speaking formally and informally depending on the situation.
-"you" vs "thou"
Act 3: Hamlet stabs Polonius
Hamlet sent to England for execution
Hamlet's death plot
Main characters die in fencing scene.
Horatio lives to tell Hamlet's tale.
Fortinbras becomes King
-Man vs Self
Hamlet doubts himself, his friends, his revenge plans, and his value of life.
-Man vs Man
Hamlet wishes to kill Claudius. Claudius and Laertes wish to kill Hamlet
Act I, ii, 133-164
Act I, iv, 100
"Something is rotten in the state of Denmark."
Act III, i, 64-98
"To be or not to be? That is the question"
Act V, i, 214-223
Act V, ii, 441-449
Act 1: Hamlet sees the ghost and learns of his uncle's possible treachery.
"Oh, that this too, too sullied flesh would melt,
Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew,
Or that the Everlasting had not fixed
His canon 'gainst self-slaughter! O God, God!
How weary, stale, flat, and unprofitable
Seem to me all the uses of this world!
Fie on ’t, ah fie! 'Tis an unweeded garden
That grows to seed. Things rank and gross in nature
Possess it merely. That it should come to this.
But two months dead—nay, not so much, not two.
So excellent a king, that was to this
Hyperion to a satyr. So loving to my mother
That he might not between the winds of heaven
Visit her face too roughly.—Heaven and earth,
Must I remember? Why, she would hang on him
As if increase of appetite had grown
By what it fed on, and yet, within a month—
Let me not think on ’t. Frailty, thy name is woman!—
A little month, or ere those shoes were old
With which she followed my poor father’s body,
Like Niobe, all tears. Why she, even she—
O God, a beast that wants discourse of reason
Would have mourned longer!—married with my uncle,
My father’s brother, but no more like my father
Than I to Hercules. Within a month,
Ere yet the salt of most unrighteous tears
Had left the flushing in her gallèd eyes,
She married. O most wicked speed, to post
With such dexterity to incestuous sheets!
It is not nor it cannot come to good,
But break, my heart, for I must hold my tongue."
"No, faith, not a jot. But to follow him thither with modesty enough, and likelihood to lead it, as thus: Alexander died, Alexander was buried, Alexander returneth to dust, the dust is earth, of earth we make loam—and why of that loam, whereto he was converted, might they not stop a beer barrel?
Imperious Caesar, dead and turned to clay,
Might stop a hole to keep the wind away.
Oh, that that earth, which kept the world in awe,
Should patch a wall t' expel the winter’s flaw!
But soft, but soft a while."
"Let four captains carry Hamlet like a soldier onto the stage. He would have been a great king if he had had the chance to prove himself. Military music and military rites will speak for his heroic qualities. Pick up the corpses. A sight like this suits a battlefield, but here at court it shows that much went wrong. Go outside and tell the soldiers to fire their guns in honor of Hamlet."