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How Ukrainian's were treated in Canada (WW1)

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Andrew Quast

on 25 April 2013

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Transcript of How Ukrainian's were treated in Canada (WW1)

Treatment Of Ukrainians During WW1 At the outset of war in August 1914, the Canadian government quickly enacted the federal War Measures Act (WMA). The Act's sweeping powers permitted the government to suspend or limit civil liberties in the interest of Canada's protection. Enemy Alien: In this group of people was the Ukrainians The majority of those interned were of Ukrainian descent, targeted because Ukraine was then split between Russia (an ally) and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, an enemy of the British Empire. In addition to those placed in camps, another 80,000 enemy aliens, again mostly Ukrainians, were forced to carry identity papers and to report regularly to local police offices. referred to the citizens of states legally at war with Canada who resided in Canada during the war. Under the authority of the WMA, Canada interned 8,579 enemy aliens in 24 receiving stations and internment camps from 1914-1920. Why the abuse occurred: Sir William D. Otter, one of Canada's pre-eminent soldiers, commanded the operation of these often rural and remote internment camps. Internees had much of their wealth confiscated, although most were paid .25 a day, far less than that offered to labourers of the time period. What led up to this: Social Effects and Overall Impact On June 8th 1993, Jean Chretien promised in a letter to Ukrainian Canadian Congress to settle this issue while the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, upon forming the next Canadian Government. On October 25th 1993, he became the new Prime Minister of Canada. In his 11 year reign, he refused to negotiate with the Ukrainian Community on this issue, breaking his promise to the Ukrainian Community Since 1985, the Ukrainian Canadian community has sought official acknowledgment for this WW1 internment, conducting a campaign that underscored the legal, moral, and political obligation to readdress the historical wrong. On November 25, 2005 Conservative MP Inky Mark's Private Members Bill C-331, Internment of Persons of Ukrainian Origin Recognition Act, received Royal Assent (Ukrainian origin were interned in Canada during the First World War and it legally obliges the Government of Canada to negotiate "an agreement concerning measures that may be taken to recognize the internment" for educational and commemorative projects. Ukrainian Canadians say they want an apology and $563,000 to write two books on First World War ethnic internment and to study how much compensation the 10 to 20 surviving internees might receive.

Lubomyr Luciuk of the Ukrainian Canadian Committee said representatives received a positive response yesterday from Multiculturalism Minister Gerry Weiner on five proposals concerning the internment of about 5,000 Ukrainians between 1914 and 1920. Attempts to Right this Injustice These internees were used to develop Canadian infrastructure as "forced-labourers". They were used to develop Banff National Park, the logging industry in Northern Ontario & Quebec, the steel mills in Ontario & Nova Scotia, and in the mines in British Columbia, Ontario & Nova Scotia. This infrastructure development program benefited Canadian corporations to such a degree that the internment was carried on for two years after the end of World War I. It was obvious to many Ukrainian Canadians that this was a part of Canadian history that the Government did not wish the general public to learn about. This belief was strengthened by the government's destruction of a large percentage of the government documents about Canada's First National Internment Operations in the 1950's
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