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Andrew Jackson

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Nyya Cox

on 5 May 2014

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Transcript of Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson
President Project

The 7th President: Andrew Jackson
Issues During Campaing 1828
He wanted to clean out the corruption and restore purity and economy in government.
Adams's men presented him as a bloodthirsty character whose election would reflect the death of the republic.
Jacksonians depicted Adams as a corruptionist, an aristocrat, and a libertine.
The Presidency
Video
By: Nyya Cox
"It is to be regretted that the rich and powerful too often bend the acts of government to their selfish purposes."
~July 10, 1832
U.S. History 1829-1837
1827
- Slavery illegal in New York
1829
- Georgia prohibits the Education of Slaves
1830
- “Underground Railroad” established
1831
- Nat Turner leads a slave rebellion
1831
- Massachusetts minister Samuel Smith writes "My Country, 'Tis of Thee"
1835
- Texas declares its independence from Mexico
1837
- Depression begins with "Panic of 1837"
His Life History
Born: March 15, 1767 in North/South Carolina
Died: June 8, 1845, in Nashville, Tennessee
His Scotch-Irish parents: Andrew Jackson and Elizabeth Hutchinson-Jackson
At 13 years old he joined a regiment for the revolutionary war.
At 17 he wanted to become a lawyer
Party
Jackson was the nation's 1st frontier president.
His election marked a turning point in American politics
His supporters and opponents made two political parties:
The pro-Jacksonites became the Democrats
The anti-Jacksonites (led by Clay and Daniel Webster) was the Whig Party.
Running Mates
1828
"Let the people rule."
Campain Slogans
Presidential Election Results:
1832
Andrew Jackson 687,502 (219)
Henry Clay 530,189 (49)
William Wirt (7)
John Floyd (11)
1828
Andrew Jackson 647,286 (178)
John Q. Adams 508,064 (83)
1832
Martin Van Buren
John C. Calhoun
But according to http://library.thinkquest.org/TQ0312172/jackson.html
and many other sites, Jackson didn't have a campaign slogan.
“Jackson and Reform”
Issues During Campaing 1832
He had come out publicly against the American System.
He created a new issue by vetoing the recharter of the Bank of the United States.
The 1832 campaign introduced the national nominating convention.
They also adopted a rule for two-thirds vote for nomination.
Opponents
Party
Running Mate
Issues
Republican
John Quincy Adams
Henry Clay
Working with or around congress was his biggest challenge.
Congress would not fund new roads, bridges, or canals
opposing positions on race and slavery.
Republican
John Calhoun
John Sergeant
Cabinet Members
Secretary of State
Martin Van Buren (1829-31)
John Forsyth (1834-37)
Postmaster General
William T. Barry (1829-35)
Amos Kendall (1835-37)
Secretary of the Treasury
Samuel D. Ingham (1829-31)
Levi Woodbury (1834-37)
Secretary of War
John H. Eaton (1829-31)
Lewis Cass (1831-36)
Attorney General
John M. Berrien (1829-31)
Benjamin F. Butler (1833-
Secretary of the Navy
John Branch (1829-31)
Mahlon Dickerson (1834-37)
Major Issues During Presidency
Highs During Presidency
Lows During Presidency
Congress
Supreme Court
His invention of party conventions to nominate candidates for the Presidency.
Politically for him, destruction of the Bank of the United States, although economically it was a low point.
Expulsion of the Cherokee and the Trail of Tears.

The destroying the Bank of the United States hurt the economy.
Slavery
States rights
Coexisting with Indians
Jackson had strong feelings about each issue and was willing to do what was necessary to get what he wanted.
Laws Presented During Term
Which of these Laws Passed
Why did these Laws not Pass?
Why are these laws Significant to this History?
The South Carolina Exposition and Protest
South Carolina's Ordinance of Nullification in 1832
The Indian Removal Act
Henry Clay's "American System."
The Second Bank of the United States
Spoils System
The Tariff of 1828
The Treaty of New Echota with the Cherokee Indians
He struck down a law funding the construction of a road in the state of Kentucky
1832 vetoed the bill rechartering the Second Bank of the United States
Henry Clay's "American System" for modernizing the nation's economy
President Jackson believed the bank to be unconstitutional
Bank of the United States.
President Jackson opposed and in fact vetoed many of the legislative elements
The Indian Removal Act 1830
Spoils System
The Treaty of New Echota with the Cherokee Indians
The Tariff of 1828
“The Trail of Tears” in a harsh way shaped the land of America.
Even though Jackson Opposed Banks of the United States, it helped make their policies stronger.
The Tariff of 1828 protected American industry in the North from European competitors.
Jackson opposing the Ordinance of Nullification in 1832 helped the government because if the people could veto laws there would be no order and it would create Chaos.
The "Spoils System" Jackson's policy of removing political opponents from federal offices and replacing them with party loyalists was important because to him, partisan loyalty was a more important job-qualification than competence or merit.
Chief Justice
Roger Brooke Taney (1836-64)

Associate Justice
John McLean (1830-61)
Henry Baldwin (1830-44)
James Moore Wayne (1835-67)
Philip Pendleton Barbour (1836-41)
John Catron (1837-65)
Supreme Court Cases
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia – 1831.
Worcester v. Georgia – 1832.
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge – 1837.
McCulloch vs. Maryland
Why theses Cases were Important
The Cherokee Nation found a federal injunction against laws passed by the state of Georgia denying them of rights within its boundaries, but the Supreme Court did not hear the case on its merits.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia – 1831.
The United States Supreme Court canceled the conviction of Samuel Worcester and supported that the Georgia criminal statute that prohibited non-Native Americans from being present on Native American lands without a license from the state was unconstitutional.
Worcester v. Georgia – 1832.
Regarding the Charles River Bridge and the Warren Bridge of Boston, Massachusetts, heard by the United States Supreme Court under the leadership of Chief Justice Roger B. Taney. The case settled a dispute over the constitutional clause regarding obligation of contract.
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge – 1837.
McCulloch vs. Maryland
The state of Maryland had attempted to prevent operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland.
Accepted a job as a public prosecutor
Practiced law for 7 years
He married Rachel Donelson Robards
At 30 he was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives of Tennessee
Elected Senator, but resigned after one year.
Major General of the Tennessee militia.
“Jackson, Calhoun, and Liberty”
Jackson's Ego
Quick-tempered
Fearless
Strong-willed
Strict
Loyal
Tough
Andrew Jackson threw public parties at the White House, and just about everyone came.
At his last one, a wheel of cheese weighing 1,400 lbs. was eaten in two hours.
Jackson was aware of his temper and bad reputation
Random Fun Fact
President Jackson is on the 20 dollar bill even though he opposed the bank
There is no significant reason for this he was just randomly selected.
Full transcript