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History of Horror
Transcript of History of Horror
1. An intense feeling of fear, shock, or disgust.
2. A thing causing such feeling. History of Horror The start of the 2000's saw a quiet period for the genre. 'Final Destination' and 'Jeepers Creepers' both became successful series. Films such as 'Orphan', 'Wrong Turn', 'Cabin Fever', and the previous mentions helped bring back its restricted ratings in theaters. Some pronounced trends have marked horror films. A French horror film 'Brotherhood of the Wolf' (2001) became the second-highest-grossing French language film in the United States in the last two decades. Another trend to emerge was the use of psychology to scare audiences instead of gore. 'The Others' (2001) proved to be a successful example of this. A minimalist approach which was equal parts Val Lewton's theory of "less is more" (usually employing the low-budget techniques, utilized on 'The Blair Witch Project' 1999) has been evident, particularly in the emergence of Asian horror movies which have been remade into successful Americanized versions such as 'The Ring' (2002) and 'The Grudge' (2004). There has also been a major return to the zombie genre in horror movies made after 2000. The 'Resident Evil' video game franchise was adapted into a film released in March 2002. The British film '28 Days Later' (2002) featured an update on the genre with 'The Return of the Living Dead' (1985) style of aggressive zombie. An updated remake of 'Dawn of the Dead' (2004) soon appeared as well as the zombie comedy 'Shaun of the Dead' (2004). Remakes of early horrors became routine in the 2000's. 2000's - In the first half of the 1990's, the genre continued many of the themes of the 1980's. 'New Nightmare', with 'In The Mouth of Madness'(1995) and Candyman (1992), were part of a mini-movement of self-relexive and metafictional horror films. The reflective style became more overt and ironic with the arrival of 'Scream' (1996). Two main problems pushed horror backwards during this period: firstly, the horror genre wore itself out with the proliferation of nonstop slasher and gore films in the eighties. Secondly, the adolescent audience which feasted on the blood and morbidity of the previous decade grew up, and the replacement audience for films of an imaginative nature were being captured instead by the explotion of science fiction and fantasy films. 1990's This included adaptions of his famous novels, 'Carrie' (1976) and 'The Shining' (1980). Following these came two extremely famous horrors, Halloween (1978) and Friday The 13th (1980). In 1975, Steven Spielberg began his ascension to fame with 'Jaws'. 'Alien' (1979) combined the naturalistic acting and graphic violence of the 1970's with the monster movie plots of earlier decades. The 1980's saw a wave of gory "B-Movie" horror films- although most of them were panned by critics, many became cult classics. The exorcist (1973), the first of the occult-themed horrors, was a significant commercial success and was followed by scores of horror films in which the devil represented supernatural evil, often by impregnating people of possessing children. "Evil children" and reincarnation became popular subjects. Another popular satanic horror movie was 'The Omen' (1976), where a man realizes his 5 year old adopted son is the antichrist. Invincible to human intervention, Satan became the villain in many horror films with a postmodern style and a dystopian world view. 1970's - 1980's With advances in technology, the tone of horror films shifted from the Gothic towards more contemporary concerns. Two sub-genres began to emerge: horror-of-armageddon and horror-of-the-demonic. A stream of usually low-budget productions featured humanity overcoming threats from "outside". This ranged from alien invasions and deadly mutations to mutations from the effects of nuclear reaction (Godzilla, 1954). During the 1950's, Great Britain emerged as a producer of horror films. British born director Alfred Hitchcock's 'Psycho' (1960) was the first slasher movie. Ghosts and monsters still remained a frequent feature of horror but many films used the supernatural premise to express the horror-of-the-demonic. An influential American horror film of this period was George A. Romero's 'Night Of The Living Dead' (1968). 1950's - 1960's The first depictions of super natural events appear several of the silent shorts created by the film pioneer Georges Melies in the late 1890's, the best known being Le Manoir du diable or The Haunted Castle (shown above). Japan was also known to create early versions of horror films with Bake Jizo and Shinin no Sosei both made in 1898. In 1910, Edison Studios produced the first version of Frankenstein. German Expressionist film makers, during the Weimar Republic era and slightly earlier would significantly influence later films. The first vampire-themed movie was made during this time. During the early period of talking pictures, the American Movie Studio Universal Pictures began began a successful Gothic horror film series. These films, while designed to thrill, also incorporated more serious elements. 1890's - 1940's Reference: wikipedia.org/wiki/Horror_film Also, in the 1970's, horror author Stephen King, debuted on the film scene as many of his books were adapted for the big screen.