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Afghan Economy

A brief history about the economy of Afghanistan from the 1970s through today and how it related to Khaled Hosseini's novel A Thousand Splendid Suns.
by

Fernando Salinas

on 5 September 2014

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Transcript of Afghan Economy

After the Soviet Union dissolved
Modern economy in Afghanistan
Afghanistan's economic history
Recent Economy
How it effects the story
Hosseini (2007) describes many of the characters in this novel very realistically.

He revolves the story around how bad the poverty and economy was due to the war.

The bad conditions of the economy, at the time, resulted in deteriorating buildings, many people living in poverty and the story being written the way it was.
When the US started fighting against the Taliban and al-Qaeda in Afghanistan in the early 2000s, aid once again started pouring in.

According to USAID.gov (2014) 40% of the population is unemployed
About 50% of Afghans live in poverty
Most trade goods instead of using a currency
Soviet control to civil war: 1970s-1980s
Afghanistan's economic history
Where we got our information
References
Chaffetz, D. (1980). Afghanistan in turmoil.
International Affairs, 56(1)
, 15-23.

Ebrahimi, F. (2014, September 01). Afghanistan’s economy is on the verge of
a collapse.
Times of Oman
. Retrieved from: http://www.timesofoman.com/Columns/2241/Afghanistan%E2%80%99s-economy-is-on-the-verge-of-a-collapse

Hosseini, K. (2007).
A thousand splendid suns.
New York: Riverhead Books.

Sikorski, R. (1993). Afghanistan revisited.
National Review, 45(16)
, 40-42.

USAid. (2014).
Afghanistan.
Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/afghanistan

Afghan Business Quarterly
[http://www.outlookafghanistan.net/assets/assets1011/afghanistan-money.jpg]
[http://www.elist10.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/afghanistan-civil-war.jpg]
Sikorski (1993) said that after the Soviets left, Afghanistan became very unstable politically.
Afghanistan was soon taken over by Taliban
Strict traditional Islamic laws were enforced
These laws hurt the economy even more
[http://www.avsi.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/usaid-logo_svg.png]
Afghanistan in the near future
It is likely that with the United States pulling troops out of Afghanistan, less aid will come in. Also, the already fragile and recovering economy will break apart if a secure political environment isn't established. (Ebrahimi, 2014)
Chaffetz (1980) reports that before the 1978 coup, the Soviet Union had been giving aid to Afghanistan for 25 years.

Afghanistan was the Soviet's canvas for showing the world the benefits of communism.

By 1975, over 70 projects were approved between the Soviets and Afghans.
Most projects benefited the Soviets.

Being a poor country, it needed basic infrastructure instead of industrialization.

In the 1980s, Soviet aid to Afghanistan was limited due to the civil war and the economy further disintegrated.
By: Jacob Espinoza, Joseph Linares, and Fernando Salinas.
Full transcript