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Transcript of Egyptian Mythology
located in the Nile delta of lower Egypt
Atum means "fullness or completion"
beginning was watery chaos known as Nun
Atum willed himself to emerge as a mound of Earth
From the Earth, he rose again as the sun.
Ptah brings gods and goddesses to life by thinking of them and then saying their names.
Ptah creates everything intellectually first.
According to the priests of Memphis, everything is the work of Ptah's heart and tongue: gods are born, towns are founded, and order is maintained.
--"an account of the origin and descent of the gods"
Ancient Egypt was divided.
In early Egypt, each city had its own gods.
Theogonies were created by priests in order to unify the entire kingdom.
A city was ranked as important by showing how the gods were connected.
There are 3 main theogonies in Ancient Egypt that are important in the understanding of Ancient Egyptian Mythology.
"Care taker of the Gods"
Role of a Priest in Ancient Egypt
Egyptians believed that the gods lived in temples where statues of the Gods resided.
A priest did not have the same role as in today's society.
Priests were compensated for their work and thought to have an important role in society.
"In the morning, the high priest breaks the seal, lights a torch to walk the god, says prayers, lights incense, washes the statue (which may be solid gold), places fresh clothing and jewels on it and places offerings of food and drink near it. Singers offer hymns of praise to the god. At the end of the day, the priest backs out of the shrine, sweeping away his footprints as he goes, and seals the sacred area again." (Pg. 43 Day, 2001)
group of 9 gods
"Ennead" is used as a term for great council or to describe the group of gods themselves.
When the pharaohs ruled during the Old Kingdom they called themselves the "sons of Re"
Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Seth, Nebthet
Atum= Creator /Re=Sun
spits and produces a male and female pair of gods.
Shu (M) = Air
Tefnut (F) = Moisture
"City of the 8"
located on the west bank of the Nile--halfway between Thebes & Memphis
"God of Wisdom"
four pairs of males & females
Includes God/Goddess Pairs
1. Nun & Nunet
2. Huh & Huahet
3. Kuk & Kauket
4. Amun & Amaunet
before time, Thoth gave birth to himself out of speech
From there, the Ogdoad 8 were born.
There was a collision and a mound of Earth was formed. From it emerged the city of Hermopolis the "city of flames."
As a bird, Thoth lay an egg and Re was born from it.
Thoth was the heart and tongue of Re.
Known as "that which binds the two lands"
Border between upper and lower Egypt
god, goddess, and child
"god of craftsmen & architects"
"warrior goddess and goddess of healing"
"sunlight and lotus flower"