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CPR ALTERNATE ASSESSMENT

Segment Two HOPE
by

Kristen Rivera

on 3 September 2011

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Transcript of CPR ALTERNATE ASSESSMENT

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
CPR Adults Steps of CPR Circulation Airway Breathing During the "Circulation" step you restore the blood circulation of the person. During the "Airway" step you clear the person's airway. During the "Breathing" step you breathe for the person. Circulation 1. Lay the person on a firm surface with their back on the floor. 2. Kneel down next to the person's neck and shoulders. 3. Put the heel of one hand on the center of their chest and place the other hand on your first hand. Make sure that your elbows are straight and that your shoulders are directly above your hands. 4. Use your upper body weight to compress their chest at least two inches. Make about 100 forceful compressions a minute. 5. If you've been trained in CPR begin checking the airway and rescue breathing. If not, then continue step 4 until you see signs of movement or the emergency medical personnel arrive. Airway 1. Using the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver, open the person's airway. Place the palm of your hand on their forehead and tilt the head back carefullly and gently. With the other hand, lift the chin forward to open the airway. 2. Check for regular breathing for 5 to 10 seconds. Look at their chest to see if it moves, listen for normal breathing noises, and feel for the person's breath on your cheek and ear. Gasping is not regular breathing. In the case of irregular breathing, begin mouth to mouth breathing if you are trained in CPR. Continue chest compressions if you believe that the person had a heart attack and you haven't been trained in CPR. Breathing 1. After the airway is open pinch the nostrils shut and cover their mouth with yours to form a seal. 2. Give the first one second long rescue breath, and watch the chest to see if it rises. If it rises give the second breath, but if it fails to rise repeat the head-tilt chin-lift manuver and follow with the second breath. One cycle consists of thirty chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths. 3. Continue chest compressions. 4. If after five cycles the person remains motionless apply an AED if it is available. Give one shock then start CPR from the chest compressions for two minutes then give a second shock. Read step 5 if an AED isn't available. 5. Continue CPR until you see movement in the person or until emergency medics take over. Infants Circulation 1. Shout and tap the infant, then check for breathing. 2. Use two or three fingers to perform the chest compressions. 3. At the rate of 100 chest compressions per minute, perform 30 chest compressions. 4. Compress the center of the infant’s chest 1.5 inches. Airway 1. Tilt the infant's head back to open their airway. 2. Check for regular breathing for 5 to 10 seconds. Look at their chest to see if it moves, listen for normal breathing noises, and feel for the person's breath on your cheek and ear. Gasping is not regular breathing. In the case of irregular breathing, begin mouth to mouth breathing if you are trained in CPR. Continue chest compressions if you believe that the person had a heart attack and you haven't been trained in CPR. Breathing 1. After the airway is open cover the nostrils and their mouth with yours to form a seal. 2. Give the first one second long rescue breath, and watch the chest to see if it rises. If it rises give the second breath, but if it fails to rise repeat the head-tilt chin-lift manuver and follow with the second breath. One cycle consists of thirty chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths. Make sure your breaths are gentle. 3. Continue chest compressions. 4. Continue CPR until you see movement in the person or until emergency medics take over. Children Circulation 1. Lay the person on a firm surface with their back on the floor. 2. Kneel down next to the person's neck and shoulders. 3. Put the heel of one hand on the center of their chest . Make sure that your elbows are straight and that your shoulders are directly above your hands. 4. Use your upper body weight to compress their chest at least two inches. Make about 100 compressions a minute. 5. If you've been trained in CPR begin checking the airway and rescue breathing. If not, then continue step 4 until you see signs of movement or the emergency medical personnel arrive. Airway 1. Using the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver, open the person's airway. Place the palm of your hand on their forehead and tilt the head back carefullly and gently. With the other hand, lift the chin forward to open the airway. 2. Check for regular breathing for 5 to 10 seconds. Look at their chest to see if it moves, listen for normal breathing noises, and feel for the person's breath on your cheek and ear. Gasping is not regular breathing. In the case of irregular breathing, begin mouth to mouth breathing if you are trained in CPR. Continue chest compressions if you believe that the person had a heart attack and you haven't been trained in CPR. Breathing 1. After the airway is open pinch the nostrils shut and cover their mouth with yours to form a seal. 2. Give the first one second long rescue breath, and watch the chest to see if it rises. If it rises give the second breath, but if it fails to rise repeat the head-tilt chin-lift manuver and follow with the second breath. One cycle consists of thirty chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths. Breathe more gently than you would with an adult. 3. Continue chest compressions. 4. If after five cycles the person remains motionless apply an AED if it is available. If pediatric pads are available then use them. Give one shock then start CPR from the chest compressions for two minutes then give a second shock. Read step 5 if an AED isn't available. 5. Continue CPR until you see movement in the person or until emergency medics take over. Sources:
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-cpr/FA00061
http://depts.washington.edu/learncpr/
CPR Alternate Assessment
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