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Lenses and Criticisms of To Kill A Mockingbird

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John Masangkay

on 9 June 2013

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Transcript of Lenses and Criticisms of To Kill A Mockingbird

TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD Setting: During the Great Depression in the fictional town of Maycomb, Alabama Characters: Scout, Atticus,
Jem and Tom Robinson Introduction: The life of the Finch’s,a successful white family in Maycomb, Alabama Trigger: Bob Ewell Rapes and beats his daughter, Mayella, and blames it on a black man, tom Robinson Rising Action: Scout’s father, Atticus is defending Tom Robinson in court, Bob Ewell is disgraced Climax: Tom Robinson is sentenced to jail, and attempts an escape, but gets killed by a jail guard Falling Action: Scout begins to mature into a woman
and then Maycomb starts to settle down after the trial Conclusion: Bob attacks Scout and
Jem in the chalice of vengeance Plot Summary Harper Lee Nelle Harper Lee
Born on April 28, 1926 in Monroeville, Alabama
When she was young, she was a tomboy
A precocious reader
Childhood friends with Truman Capote, a famous writer HARPER
LEE Scottsboro Trial Two white women claim they were raped by nine black men
Men plead guilty
All but the youngest 12 year old boy sentenced to death
Scottsboro Trial left a deep impression on Harper Lee
She later used this trial as a rough base for the novel To Kill a Mockingbird PSYCHOANALYTIC
CRITICISM What is it? Text is viewed as an expression of the author’s personality, state of mind, feelings, desires, etc. Author’s view towards the topic
Author’s life
What material is the author explaining through imagery Unconscious- irrational part of the mind that is unavailable to a person’s consciousness, except through dreams or disassociated acts Consider PSYCHOANALYTIC
CRITICISM IN TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD Harper Lee is portrayed as the character Scout Finch
Scout encounters evil in the form of racial prejudice
Her father teaches her to practice sympathy and be understanding
The trial of Tom Robinson made her feel anger, pain and sadness
Scout realizes that the world is made up of both good and evil
Mockingbirds have a literal meaning FEMINIST CRITICISM What is it? Society is seen in a “patriarchal” way, preventing women to reach their full potential. Women are viewed negatively, inferior, etc. Consider Sexual stereotypes
Roles that gender play in the literary work PERSPECTIVE AND CRITICISM OVERLAP FEMINIST CRITICISM IN TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD "Scout, I'm tellin' you for the last time, shut your trap or go home – I declare to the Lord you're gettin' more like a girl every day!" With that, I had no option but to join them.  “Again, as I had often met it in my own church, I was confronted with the Impurity of Women doctrine that seemed to preoccupy all clergymen.” [Calpurnia] seemed glad to see me when I appeared in the kitchen, and by watching her I began to think there was some skill involved in being a girl. I felt the starched walls of a pink cotton penitentiary closing in on me, and for the second time in my life I thought of running away. Immediately. Ladies in bunches always filled me with vague apprehension and a firm desire to be elsewhere, but this feeling was what Aunt Alexandra called being "spoiled." 
The ladies were cool in fragile pastel prints: most of them were heavily powdered but unrouged; the only lipstick in the room was Tangee Natural. Cutex Natural sparkled on their fingernails, but some of the younger ladies wore Rose. They smelled heavenly. I sat quietly, having conquered my hands by tightly gripping the arms of the chair, and waited for someone to speak to me. Aunt Alexandra looked across the room at me and smiled. She looked at a tray of cookies on the table and nodded at them. I carefully picked up the tray and watched myself walk to Mrs. Merriweather. With my best company manners, I asked her if she would have some. After all, if Aunty could be a lady at a time like this, so could I.  “I was not so sure, but Jem told me I was being a girl, that girls always imagined things, that's why other people hated them so, and if I started behaving like one I could just go off and find some to play with.”
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