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Ancient Mesopatamia

Gagan Aujla

on 2 March 2015

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Transcript of Assyria

What was Assyria?
Here are some of Assyria's laws;
If a wife hates her husband and has said, “You are not my husband,” one shall throw her into the river.
If a man has stolen a child, he shall be put to death.
If a man has broken into a house he shall be killed before the breach and buried there
If a man has given his garden to a gardener to farm, the gardener, as long as he holds the garden, shall give the owner of the garden two−thirds of the produce of the garden and shall take one−third himself.
Laws Cont'd
Natural Resources
Gagan, Mohkam, Lavraj, Ammiel, Abhijeet, Balraj, Alonzo, Ricky, Arshjot and Angel M.

Wrestling and boxing were two of the very few sports they played. We know they played these two sports because of the drawings in their art. A form of polo was played but instead of being on horses men played while on other men backs. Rugby was also played but differently. One sport they did that involved being quick was running races. They also did some other track & field sports such as discus and javelin throwing. Don't know if you would consider this a sport but men also participated in life or death duels. All the sports that they played were for bragging rights and for just plain fun.
Steele, Philip, Eyewitness Mesopatamia, London, New York, Pinnington, Andrea, 2007
Middle Assyrian Law Code, http://jewishchristianlit.com/Texts/ANElaws/midAssyrLaws.html
Ancient Assyria was one of the first great international empires. Located in the Mesopotamia, it dominated the entire Middle East for several hundred years. The kingdom of Assyria was located in northern Mesopotamia, in modern-day Iraq, which existed from the second millennium BCE to 609 BCE. This area was one of the places where civilization originated, specifically where people began practices such as writing, agriculture, and city-building. The Assyrians rose from this area to become a massive international empire, which, through its literature, culture, and military conquests, had a profound effect on civilization throughout the millennia
Important Dates in Assyrian History
1900 BCE- Ashur, capitol of Assyria is founded 1400 BCE- Assyria regain its independence 1220 BCE- Babylon is under Assyrian control
921 BCE- Surviving sphinxes from the
Assyrian civilization, usually placed
as guards outside palaces.
841 BCE- Israel pays tribute to Assyria
721 BCE- Israel is conquered by Assyria
671 BCE- Egypt is conquered by Assyria
648 BCE- War between Assyria and the
627 BCE- Death of King Ashurbanipal
612 BCE- Downfall of Assyria
Assyrian Fun Facts
Assyrians have practiced two religions in their history Ashurism and Christianity. Ashurism was the first religion of the Assyrians. Assyria comes from the name of Ashur the Assyrian god. Assyrians continued to practice Ashurism until 256 A.D by that time most Assyrians had accepted Christianity. Indeed, Assyrians were the first nation to accept Christianity, and the Assyrian Church was founded in 33 A.D. by Thomas, Bortholemew and Thaddeus.
-Men wore wrapped skirts.
-The Assyrians created the hanging gardens which are one of the seven wonders of the ancient world
-Assyrians believed their king represented the god Asher
-In (689-669 BC) the Assyrians were so strong that even Phoenician citys Sidon and Tyre fell.
The king (Pharaoh) was the head administrator of government, supported by local provincial governors. The palace was the site of government. Advisers consulted the omens before important decisions were made.Provinces and vassal cities were required to pay taxes and tribute in the form of food, goods, gold, labor, military supplies, and soldiers for the army. In the next slide you will see a graph showing government of Assyria.
Pharoah - King

Important Dates in Assyrian history,

What was Assyria?

Natural Resources (w/ Angel M.)

Religion (w/ Abhijeet)

Assyrian Fun Facts

Clay tablets



Laws Cont'd


Religion (w/ Mohkam)

Assyrian Gods
Angel M.-

Natural Resources (w/ Alonzo)
Assyrian Gods
The main god of the Assyrians. He was also the god of war and married to the goddess Ishtar.
was the god of love and war.
was the god of the sun.
was the god of air and storms.
was the god of wisdom and magic
Thanks for Watching any Questions?
These are just some laws of Assyria. There are many other laws and by looking at some of the laws we think that Assyria laws are harsh compared to today's laws. Almost all of the laws are on the eye for an eye basis, the rest are worse than that. The reason to that is in Canada if someone has broken a law they are most probably sent to jail, in Assyria even if they have broken a small law (e.g. petty theft) the consequences are like they have broken a big law (e.g. murder). That is what we think about the Assyrian laws.
Mesopotamia grew more and more over time meaning Assyria grew as well. As Assyria grew larger more and more and more resources were coming in, so people had things to entertain themselves with. The people of Assyria enjoyed playing instruments such as, drums, lyres, flutes, and harps. They also entertained each other by playing music for each other. Sports were also part of their entertainment. They also hunted. There were quiet a few reasons they hunted, and one of the reasons was so that they could entertain themselves. A big part of Assyrian entertainment was art and poetry. The art and poetry was mostly made to honor the king which explains why it was such a big part as kings are on a higher level than the ordinary citizens. The kids entertained themselves with toys. They also jump roped too just as we do nowadays.
Schools were run by the priests and school was very tough. Schools were attached to the temples (ziggurats). This showed how big of a part religion played in their lives. Education was only given to the upper classes, mainly to the priests children and the scribes children. of those children only boys went to school. If a girl wanted to learn to read and write that was ok, but she had to be taught by her parents or a tutor hired for that purpose.
Assyria's major resources were its free running water and its fertile soil. Some metals and precious stones were found such as lapis lazuli, ivory, silver, gold, coral, cornelian, bronze, copper, iron, and red limestone. But for the most part Assyria did not have many natural resources. They had very little trees and those trees soft palm tree and not hard enough for timber. Also they did not have a wide variety of food like us, they could only grow onions, leeks, wheat, barley, fruits (figs and grapes), various spices and herbs, and lentils. So as you can see Assyria wasn't rich but was manageable
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