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The Odyssey

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Sydney Lefton

on 17 May 2013

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Transcript of The Odyssey

By: Sydney Lefton Tracking Hospitality through the Odyssey What is the code of hospitality? The code of hospitality relates back to the Greek god Zeus. Zeus believes that to be hospitable people must be welcoming, give gifts, and leave their house open for anyone who needs a place to go. Zeus is a Greek god of Olympus. He is the father of god and men. He is the father of Athena.

Athena was born from Zeus' forehead. When she was born she was a full grown woman. Who is Zeus? In Ithaca the suitors were taking advantage of the code of hospitality. Ithaca On page 12 lines 389-401, Telemachus says, "Suitors of my mother-you arrogant pigs-for now, we're at a feast. No shouting, please! There's nothing finer than hearing a singer like this, with a voice like a god's. But in the morning we will sit in the meeting ground, so that I can tell all of you in broad daylight to get out of my house. Fix yourselves feasts in each other's houses, use up your own stock pile. But if it seems better and more profitable for one man to be eaten out of house and home without compensation-then eat away! For my part, I prat to the gods eternal that Zeus grant me requital: Death for you here in my house. With no compensation."

This quote shows that Telemachus wants the suitors to respect Zeus' code of hospitality. The suitors refuse to listen to Telemachus and they stay in his house with his mother when he leaves for the Palace of Menelaus. The Palace of Menelaus Also on page 45 lines 36-41, Menelaus then replies by saying:

"It's not like you to talk nonsense like this, Eteoneous. How many times have you and I enjoyed the hospitality of others, hoping that Zeus would someday put an end to our hard traveling? Unyoke their horses and bring our new guests in to the feast." On page 45 lines 29-32, Eteoneus says, "Two strangers have arrived, Lord Menelaus, Two men in the line of Zeus by their looks. Should we unyoke their horses, or should we send them elsewhere for hospitality?" When Telemachus arrives in the palace of Menelaus he is greeted by a servant of Menelaus. This servant says something that does not agree with the code of hospitality. Menelaus does not agree with what Eteoneous, the servant says. Meanwhile, back in Ithaca... In Ismaros with the Cicones Ismaros is the next stop on Odysseus' journey. He does not show hospitality to the people living here. On page 126 lines 43-46, it is said that, "From Ilion the wind took me to the Cocones in Ismaros. I pillaged the town and killed the men. The women and treasure that we took out I divided fairly as I could among all the hands and then gave the command to pull out fast." When Telemachus was still in the Palace of Menelaus, the suitors were also still at his house back in Ithaca. This shows that they did not respect the code of hospitality because they are overstaying their welcome and they are just taking advantage of it (page 62). The Land of the Cyclopes The Cyclopes is a large creature that is very savage and distant from the rest of it's kind. They have no code of hospitality. This is very different from the rest of the civilizations in this story. On page 129 lines 161-164, "We could see the smoke from their fires and heat their voices, and see their sheep and goats. When the sun set, and darkness came on we went to sleep on the shore of the sea." This shows that the Cyclops' did not give Odysseus and the crew a place to sleep. This does not show hospitality. Also in the Land of the Cyclopes Odysseus wishes the Cyclops would have given the hospitality and a place to sleep. It is unusual for a place not to offer hospitality. "But I wanted to see him, and see if he would give me a gift of hospitality. When he did come he was not a welcome sight (page 131 lines 216-217). Odysseus is talking about how the Cyclopes does not observe the same Greek customs that he thinks everyone in the world observes. The Land of Aeolia In this next stop on the journey of Odysseus, people respect the code of hospitality. This place seems very family oriented. This is the complete opposite of the land of the Cyclopes. "And the all sit with their father and mother continuously feasting on abundant good cheer spread out before them. Everyday the house is filled with steamy savor and the courtyard resounds" (Page 141 lines 9-13). Circe's Palace Circe is offering hospitality to the men from Odysseus' crew. She lets them stay at her house and take baths. She also gave them clothes. On page 154 lines 472-474, it is said that, "Meanwhile, back in Circe's house, the goddess had my men bathed, rubbed down in oil, and clothed in tunics and fleecy cloaks." Circe also continues to offer her hospitality when the men come back from the underworld. On page 178 lines 17-22, it is said that, "Circe, aware that we had come back from the Underworld, put on her finest clothes and came to see us. Her serving women brought meat, bread, and bright red wine..." When Odysseus comes back to Ithaca In Ithaca nobody knows who Odysseus is yet. He is disguised as an old beggar. He is wearing clothes that do not make him look like himself. Because nobody knows who he is they are not very hospitable to him since he is just a strange and filthy man. On page 315 lines 204-208, Philoetius said, "Who's the new arrival, swineherd? Where does he come fro, and who are his parents and kinsmen? Poor guy! He looks like some kind of king but gods can make it tough for wanderers, even if they're royalty." Tracking Hospitality Through the Odyssey In each place Odysseus travels to throughout his journey, different types of hospitality are used. These different types show how the people who live in the civilizations act and live their lives. Conclusion on Hospitality Hospitality is a key part of the Greek culture. Throughout the course of The Odyssey, all different people show their interpretations of hospitality. It is very important to the Greek people that this code of hospitality is followed and honored just as much as their great god Zeus is honored.
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