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Edgar Allan Poe

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Susie Whitmire

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe
Brittany J., Krista B.,
Susie W., Ashley F.

"The Raven"
Figurative Language
General Information
The Life of Edgar Allan Poe
-Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts.
- He was awarded a prize in October 1833 for his short story "MS. Found in a bottle".
-In the summer of 1839, Poe became assistant editor of Burton's Gentleman's Magazine.
-The most famous poem that Poe wrote was the "The Raven", which was first published in 1845, and which he was only paid $9 for.
-"The Raven" appeared in the Evening Mirror and became a popular sensation.
-Poe's personal life affected his place of employment. For example, Poe was a drunkard so he was fired from many jobs. Also, when Virginia became sick, her sickness became a major impact on how he worked.
The speaker of this poem is a man who is emotional and extremely dramatic, mourning the loss of his lover. Emotional at the beginning, he becomes super-focused and a bit spaced out all at once as the story progressed.
- Edgar Allan Poe was a man that used figurative language in his poems quite frequently.
-Poe was a fan of metaphors, similes, imagery, etc;
-An example of a few of these are:
Metaphor: "To the fowl whose fiery eyes now burned into my bosom's core"
Simile: ".... suddenly there came a tapping, As of someone gently rapping...."
Imagery: "Once upon a midnight dreary..."
From childhood’s hour I have not been
As others were—I have not seen
As others saw—I could not bring
My passions from a common spring—
From the same source I have not taken
My sorrow—I could not awaken
My heart to joy at the same tone—
And all I lov’d—I lov’d alone—
Then—in my childhood—in the dawn
Of a most stormy life—was drawn
From ev’ry depth of good and ill
The mystery which binds me still—
From the torrent, or the fountain—
From the red cliff of the mountain—
From the sun that ’round me roll’d
In its autumn tint of gold—
From the lightning in the sky
As it pass’d me flying by—
From the thunder, and the storm—
And the cloud that took the form
(When the rest of Heaven was blue)
Of a demon in my view—
- The tone of the poem "Alone" by Edgar Allan Poe is very deep and meaningful; it's reminiscent.
- In this poem, Poe is digging deep into his childhood and analyzing how it was and all the emotions that Poe felt as a child.
The themes in this poem include isolation, sadness, and confusion. For example, being alone as a child can lead to a "stormy life" shaped by both good and bad influences.
-Poe never truly knew his birth parents. His father left when he was very young, and his mother passed away when he was three years old.






What is the Speaker Speaking About?
-Lore (N): the body of knowledge on a particular subject.
-Surcease (V): to come to an end
-Entreat (V): to ask earnestly for
-Obeisance (N): deference of homage
-Beguile (V): to influence by trickery, flattery, etc.; mislead, delude
-Countenance (N): appearance, the look or expression of the face
-Craven (Adj.): cowardly, contemptibly timid
-Discourse (N): communication of thought by words; talk; conversation
-Placid (Adj.): pleasantly calm or peaceful
-Melancholy (N): a gloomy state of mind
-Ominous (Adj.): portending evil or harm
-Plutonian (Adj.): like the underworld
-Pallid (Adj.): pale, faint
Poe published "The Raven" in 1845, around the time that he was having a very rough time with his career. Working in the U.S, he was barely earning enough to live on by writing poems, stories, and critiquing other people's work. Relying on his writing as his only source of income was extremely hard, considering there were no copyright laws, and publishers could pirate for free instead of paying someone, like Poe, to write for them.
"The Raven" was translated into almost every European language by the end of the century, and eventually became the most popular lyrical poem from America.
Works Cited
(Any Difficult Words?)
(What Kind of Words Were Used?)
Rhyme Scheme
"The Raven"
-The tone of "The Raven" is grievous and melancholy.
-In Poe's "Philosophy of Composition", he says that "..and all experience has shown that this tone is one of sadness. Beauty of whatever kind in it's supreme development invariably excites the sensitive soul to tears. Melancholy is thus the most legitimate of all poetical tones".
- To contribute to the development of the tone, is death, which is always melancholy.
-The most obvious symbol is found in the poems title. The raven enters the room imperiously and holds control over the narrator. The bird's darkness symbolizes death; death becomes a constant reminder throughout the poem.
-In the poem, Lenore symbolizes heaven. She represents love, truth, beauty, and hope in a better world.
-Also, December symbolizes death, because nothing lives in the winter, December being the most recognizable "winter month"
-The narrator desperately searches for something that will remove his pain and suffering. This symbolizes Nepenthe, an ancient drug used to help one relieve sorrows.
-Traditionally referred to as the witching hour and the darkest part of night, midnight is more than a number on the clock. It is no accident that Poe chooses this as the time for the bird's arrival.
- The rhyme scheme of the Poe's "The Raven", is ABCBBB.
- Poe is trying to make this poem as musical, hypnotic, and captivating as possible.
-The complicated rhyme and rhythm aims at drawing you more completely into the world of the poem.
(An excerpt)
(Before reading)
The title of the poem is "The Raven", so naturally one would think it was about a bird in some way, or mentioned a raven in some way.
The poem, as predicted, was about a raven. Poe might have given the poem this title not only because the raven is one of the main 'characters', but because it simply summarized the poem.
One of the themes in the poem is madness. The speaker of the poem sounds like he has had a rough life. Most people would find it odd for someone to be talking to a bird, yet the speaker thinks it is impossible that he is insane. The speaker talks about wild dreams, imaginary perfume, his burning soul, and many other things. It is obvious that the speaker has "lost it". This makes the reader question rather or not the bird is really talking, and if there is even a bird at all.
(After reading)
At the end of every stanza, the word "nevermore" was used. It's 'said' by the raven, and by the speaker when they're quoting the raven. It's repetitive, to emphasize a hopeless feeling.
(Before reading)
(After reading)
Who is the Speaker Speaking to?
At first, the speaker is calling out to the visitor that he thinks is knocking at his door. He calls out into the darkness to Lenore, his lost love. When he realizes the tapping is coming from his window, and that it's the raven, he begins to speak to the raven as if it is a person.
The speaker isn't really speaking about a particular thing, other than talking to the raven, oddly enough, and asking it questions.
-He was adopted by John and Frances Allan, and went to live in Richmond, Virginia. He got along fine with Frances, but not so much with John. He and Edgar did not agree at all on money, and John did not properly fund Edgar's schooling at the University of Virginia.
-Poe then turned to gambling to solve his money issues, ending in debt, and coming home to find that his fiancee had been engaged to someone else. He then left the Allan's.
-When he started his career, Poe won a spot at West Point, a military academy, in 1830. However, he was dismissed after his first year there because he failed to carry out his duties.
-During this time, a fight with his foster father resulted in him being cut off from the Allan family.
The first book written by Poe was "Tamerlane and Other Poems". This was in 1827, when he was interested in West Point.
Before going to West Point, he published "Al Araaf, Tamberlene, and Minor Poems", a second collection, in 1829.
When he left the military academy, he focused completely on writing, living in Baltimore with his aunt and her daughter, Virginia.
Virginia became Poe's inspiration, muse, and eventually, his love interest. The couple married in 1836, when Virginia was said to have been only 13 years old.
Career: Continued
Mysterious Death
Poe was crushed by the death of Virginia, who died in 1847. He was poor in his health, as well as financially, as he kept writing.
He supposedly left Richmond to go to Philadelphia, but was found sick and in distress in Baltimore.
He was taken to a hospital, where he died on October 7, 1849, at the age of 40.
His last words:
"Lord, help my poor soul."
Virginia, Poe's late wife and young cousin
Home of Poe, Virginia, and his aunt in Manhattan,
Where he wrote "Annabel Lee" and "The Bells"
Who is the Speaker Speaking to?
What is the Speaker Speaking About?
(Any difficult words?)
(What kind of words were used?)
Rhyme Scheme
Words like 'weary', 'weak', and 'dreary' imply a monotonous tone.
These words are connotative of dark, melancholy, and sad things. The words used highlight the dim tone of the poem.
"Childhoods hour": he is talking about when he was first born and his baby years.
The title somewhat seems to speak for itself. After reading, we see that the poem was mainly about how he felt as a child, so "Alone" is an appropriate title.
"I could not bring my passions from a common spring": he was saying that his passions were not like everyone else. He did not feel like they did. He did not feel sorrow.
"The mystery which binds me still": he was saying that he had a terrible life and he could not understand why.
Before reading the poem, the title "Alone" is obviously indicative of a mention of a feeling of solitude. Not a good type of solidity, more of an "outcast" type of solidity.
In this poem the vocabulary was, in general, very simple and easy to understand. One exception was:

torrent(N): a violent downpour of rain.
The speaker is speaking about his life and how different it was compared to others. He was also expressing how different he was because of how horrible his life had been.
Poe is speaking to us, the readers. He is expressing how he feels about his childhood and how he felt as a child: alone, cast out, and different.
The speaker is Poe; he is talking about childhood from a personal standpoint.
The rhyme scheme of this poem is AABBCC (and so on).
Poe refers to his life as "stormy"
He straightforwardly says that his life was different from other's. He didn't see the same things, do the same things, etc;
He had a hard time expressing himself. He was unique, but an outcast.
The words used weren't exactly formal, and there was no specialized vocabulary. He simply stated his feelings about his childhood and himself.
Activity: Hangman!
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
__ __ __ __ __ __
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary,
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
`'Tis some visitor,' I muttered, `tapping at my chamber door -
Only this, and nothing more.'

Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December,
And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.
Eagerly I wished the morrow; - vainly I had sought to borrow
From my books surcease of sorrow - sorrow for the lost Lenore -
For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels named Lenore -
Nameless here for evermore.
There will be multiple rounds of hangman scattered throughout the presentation. They will occur before each section, to foreshadow what will be discussed. At the end, the group with the most points wins!
Activity: Hangman!
Round 2
Activity: Hangman!
Round 3
Round 1
__ __ __ __ __ __ __
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
`Prophet!' said I, `thing of evil! - prophet still, if bird or devil!
By that Heaven that bends above us - by that God we both adore -
Tell this soul with sorrow laden if, within the distant Aidenn,
It shall clasp a sainted maiden whom the angels named Lenore -
Clasp a rare and radiant maiden, whom the angels named Lenore?'
Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.'

`Be that word our sign of parting, bird or fiend!' I shrieked upstarting -
`Get thee back into the tempest and the Night's Plutonian shore!
Leave no black plume as a token of that lie thy soul hath spoken!
Leave my loneliness unbroken! - quit the bust above my door!
Take thy beak from out my heart, and take thy form from off my door!'
Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.'

And the raven, never flitting, still is sitting, still is sitting
On the pallid bust of Pallas just above my chamber door;
And his eyes have all the seeming of a demon's that is dreaming,
And the lamp-light o'er him streaming throws his shadow on the floor;
And my soul from out that shadow that lies floating on the floor
Shall be lifted - nevermore
This poem wasn't published during Poe's lifetime. It was published in 1875 by E. L. Didier. The original manuscript came with a title and date, which were manipulated. The original title was kept, but the authenticity of the poem was questionable. Nonetheless, this was one of Poe's more personal and meaningful poems.
You will gain 'parts' by getting a letter wrong, and a group will keep guessing until they say a wrong letter, and the next group will go. Your 'parts' will follow you through all the rounds. IF a group has full 'man', they lose 5 points and start again.
Full transcript