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Multiple Intelligences - Howard Gardner

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Lynette Surie

on 15 April 2015

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Transcript of Multiple Intelligences - Howard Gardner

Howard Gardner
The Theory of
Multiple Intelligences
Gardner evolved the theory on multiple intelligences from three general categories in which people learn: auditory, visual, and kinesthetic learners to a total of eight intelligences today.

The intelligences are determined by a person’s unique set of skills and how they solve problems or difficulties.
States: - Individuals have a unique blend of capabilities and skills.
- Individuals possess different kinds of minds, therefore individuals remember, learn, and understand in different ways.
- Individuals have different strengths, therefore have different predominant intelligences.
Uses: - For curriculum development, lesson planning, and better test-taking strategies.
- Helps educators develop new (and more) approaches and personalize their instruction.
- Better meet the needs of the range of learners
Gardner is currently debating the existence of other intelligences.
Body Movement
- have a keen sense of body awareness, coordination, and balance
- learn easily through movement, making things, acting out
- can easily communicate through body language, physical activity, and objects
- have the ability to use their body effectively and skillfully
An American developmental psychologist.
A John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education at the Harvard
Graduate School of Education at Harvard University.

Words and Language
- have good verbal and auditory skills and the ability to use words effectively
- can easily understand the meanings and rhythms of words
- can easily explain ideas or information via language
- learn easily through lectures, reading, word games, and writing stories or poetry
Logic and Numbers
- have the ability to think conceptually and abstractly and recognize patterns and relationships
- can easily perform mathematical calculations
- learn easily through experimenting and solving problems
1971- Gardner completed his PhD.

His postdoctoral work included studies of neurology and neuropsychology.

He also read works on philosophy and sociology.

He then pursued several research programs involving cognitive development.
1981- Received the MacArthur Prize Fellowship.
1982- Gardner remarried to developmental psychologist Ellen Winner and had a son, Benjamin, in 1985.
1983- Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences was published (for which he received the National Psychology Award for Excellence in the Media in 1985).
1986- Garner began teaching at the Harvard Graduate School of Education.
He currently is still a professor.
2000- The master’s program Mind, Brain and Education at Harvard Graduate School of Education was established by Gardner and his colleagues.

2000- Received a fellowship from the John S. Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.

2005- Gardner was selected by Foreign Policy and Prospect magazines as one of the top 100 most influential public intellectuals in the world (again in 2008).
July 11, 1943, Scranton, PA, Howard Earl Gardner is born to Ralph and Hilde Gardner.
Ralph and Hilde Gardner were Jewish immigrants who arrived in America on November 9, 1938 from Nuremburg, Germany, along with their 3-yr-old son, Eric.
Gardner attended Wyoming Seminary, a nearby prep school in Kingston, PA.
He was described as a studious young man who took pleasure in playing the piano and had a great passion for learning.
Project Zero
- Started by Professor Nelson Goodman in 1967 at the Harvard Graduate School of Education.
- Founding Research Assistants: Howard Gardner and David Perkins (who later became the Project’s Co-directors in 1972)

Projects Zero is an educational program that is dedicated to the study of higher cognitive processes with a special focus on creativity and the arts.
The Project aims to understand and enhance learning, thinking, and creativity.

Gardner is currently the Senior Director
of Project Zero at Harvard University.

The GoodWork Project
In the mid-1990s, Gardner became a co-director of the Project, alongside Professors Mihaly Csikszentmhayli and William Damon.
The goal of the Goodwork Project is to determine what it means to achieve work that is ethical, engaging and meaningful.
Gardner and his colleagues have since developed several skills and tools that can be used in both educational and professional circles.

1961- Gardner went to Harvard University in Cambridge, MA, where he studied history, psychology, and sociology.
1965- Gardner graduated summa cum laude from Harvard University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Social Relations.
1966- Gardner entered Harvard’s doctoral program.
1966- Gardner married Judy, his first wife, and had three children: Kerith (1969), Jay (1971), and Andrew (1976).
While at Harvard he...

- studied and worked alongside several professors and psychologists including Erik Erikson.
- studied the works of psychologists such as Jean Piaget.
- worked on the MACOS Project (Man: A course of study) with American psychologist Jerome Bruner.
"Human beings differ from one another and there is absolutely no reason to teach and assess all individuals in the identical way."
"Anything that is worth teaching can be presented in many different ways. These multiple ways can make use of our multiple intelligences."
Images and Space
- think in terms of physical space and are very aware of their environments
- learn easily through verbal and physical imagery
- can easily interpret graphs, charts, pictures, drawings, maps, puzzles, models, and videos
- have the capacity to think and recall through visualization

Music, Sound, Rhythm
- learn easily by converting lessons into lyrics or rhythms
- can easily communicate through music or musical instruments
- can recognize rhythmic patterns
- have the ability to produce rhythm and sound

Gardner initially proposed seven intelligences, however has expanded the list with Naturalistic Intelligence.

Naturalistic Intelligence
- have the ability to recognize and categorize specimens or features in their environment

- are very self-aware and in tune with their beliefs
- are shy, independent, opinionated, and intuitive
- learn easily through independent study, reading, writing, and introspection
Others' Feelings
- have the ability to detect, understand, and relate to the feelings of others
- learn easily through group activities, conferencing, and interaction
Other Positions:
Assistant Professor of Psychology at Harvard University.
Assistant Professor of Neurology at the Boston University School of Medicine.
Best known for his theory of multiple intelligences.
Received over twenty honorary degrees from almost thirty institutions, intercontinentally.
Wrote several hundred research articles.
Published over twenty books that have been translated into more than thirty languages.
Associated with many organizations and projects.
Received many awards and honorary titles.
Howard Gardner Today:
Teaches a course at Harvard Graduate School of Education.
H175 GoodWork in Education: When Excellence, Engagement, and Ethics Meet
Works to receive grants and raise funding for Harvard University.
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