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Photography 3.0 - Intro to the Digital SLR Camera

An introduction to the basics of the mode dial.

Jake O

on 8 April 2011

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Transcript of Photography 3.0 - Intro to the Digital SLR Camera

Getting to Know Your Camera's Modes Point-and-shoot camera manufacturers had three things in mind when making their cameras: the photographer turns on the camera, picks a subject and snaps the pic. (kinda boring) but with digital SLRs, having all those different modes allows you to be less of a photographer, and more of an artist. the same way an artist has tools to paint or build masterpieces, the photographer has his/her camera modes sO wHaT aRe ThE mOdEs? Automatic (the green square) A lot like your point-and-shoot; it uses it's built-in sensors to do four things:
focus the lens, meter light, set shutter speed and set aperture value Best for taking a still image with one main focus and blurring the background; it opens the aperture wide, giving your shot a shallow depth of field Portrait (the face lady) Landscape The opposite of portrait; shutter stays open longer to keep correct exposure, has infinite depth of field, so background in the distant distance is just as focused as the close objects. Shutter opens slow enough to collect light, but fast enough to prevent blurring. (the mountains) Close-ups (the flower) Takes very sharp pictures of your subject, keeping the focus on more areas at once. The trick to using this mode is to not physically be so close that your lens is touching it, but to step back and zoom in. Freeze-blurs the background, while focusing on a fast-moving object. As you lock on, the camera refocuses as needed when subject moves. sports (The running person) night portrait Flash fires to illuminate the subject, drawing light from background no matter how big or small the light source is. (The human silhouette with the star) Basically the same as automatic, but disallows the use of the flash. In a sense, it uses natural light to illuminate the picture when more light would otherwise tamper with what you see before you. flash-off (The prohibited lightning) (The P) Similar to auto, but now with more control. Press af button to show where you want to focus (viewfinder - red dot when shutter pressed partway down) Camera selects shutter speed and aperture value. Program Time Value (The Tv (or S on some cameras)) Shutter is given priority. This means the image exposure is controlled more tightly. Shorter exposures freeze the image (motionless) while longer exposures allow more blur the longer it takes to close the shutter.
Camera selects aperture value; you control shutter speed. Aperture Value (The Av (or A on some cameras)) Helps control your depth of field. Narrow aperture gives you a sharp, clear image at a close, mid-range and distance position; wide is good for portrait, where upclose it's crisp, but the background is thrown out of focus.
Smaller the number = larger aperture (The M) Manual Photographer has full control of both shutter speed and aperture value.
Near-limitless creative control. The best choice if you're not sure what to focus on. It auto-selects the aperture you'll most likely need, seeing that our judgement when first starting out is often a little off. (The A-DEP) Auto Depth of Field Assignment 1 Topic: Windows and Doors Try these different modes out as you photograph windows and doors you see. Take as many as you like, but you will be only choosing your best one for each mode to display and compare with the class tomorrow. :) have fun
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