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Sophies World- Socrates

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Kirsten Schwegler

on 22 October 2012

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Transcript of Sophies World- Socrates

Socrates Known as one of the three great classical philosophers along with Plato and Aristotle that strongly influenced Europe and together represent a new era of thinking. Summary References Discussion New Era Wisdom Death Sophists are introduced as the "wise people" Socrates disagreed with the sophist way of thinking and demonstrated his beliefs in a different manner Sophist vs Philosopher "Divine voice" Modesty and
the naturally or
socially induced Wisdom Insight and
understanding The needs of
individuals Admitting you do not know anything is wiser than thinking you know everything Believed in virtuous men; to do what they know is right Does the argument of nature vs nurture apply? How?

Is there a thing such as "natural" if society decides what feelings or actions are natural? With Socrates approach to knowledge, how are we supposed to feel confident we know anything? Does the search ever end?

Are sophists or in present day, teachers, a waste of time for knowledge or necessary in order to learn for ourselves? According to the reading, insight is a state of knowing, but what is true insight? How does this initiate common sense?

Is common sense only logical because it is "common" to be thought of as right?

Is knowledge a true aspect to wisdom or is it the love of wisdom? Which approach of wisdom is more accurate? Can you live a happy life if you do things you know are not fair? Why would you chose not to be happy?

Do people know when things are not right? What do we really know is right?

If we don't know what is right, why is there a feeling of guilt? Does guilt really exist or is it something "natural" that is induced by society? "For I have had many accusers, who accused me of old, and their false charges have continued during many years; and I am more afraid of them than of Anytus and his associates, who are dangerous, too, in their own way. But far more dangerous are these, who began when you were children, and took possession of your minds with their, telling of one Socrates, a wise man, who speculated about the heaven above, and searched into the earth beneath, and made the worse appear the better cause. These are the accusers whom I dread; for they are the circulators of this rumor, and their hearers are too apt to fancy that speculators of this sort do not believe in the gods." Sentenced to death for "corrupting the youth" and not believing in the gods but also questioning excessively Jesus and Socrates Plato- The Apology Plato. Apology: Socrates’ Defense.

The reading is a realistic description of the thoughts of Socrates, while he is reflecting on his knowledge in philosophy with his life at risk. Plato defines a well-known character of Socrates in his engaging speech of confessions and accusations of “corruption”. The life of the philosopher is lost after his final discussion with the very questions of wisdom that sentenced him to his trial of death.
The Death of Socrates According to Plato’s Apology, Socrates’ life as the “gadfly” of Athens began when his friend Chaerephon asked the oracle at Delphi if anyone was wiser than Socrates; the response was negative. Not wishing to take this at face value (he was a philosopher after all), Socrates interpreted this as a riddle and actually set out to find men that were wiser than him. He questioned the men of Athens about their knowledge of good, beauty and virtue, but found that they knew nothing. Still, he himself felt that he knew very little, thus coming to the conclusion that he was wise only in so far as that he knew nothing. Coppens, Philip. The Death of Socrates. (1787).

The article presents a strong argument of not only the death of Socrates, but the life; and how much of the story is fact along with the amount of credit given by Plato. It compliments the story of the philosopher but proceeds to prove that information in Socrates’ life was limited with little evidence.
Using our practical wisdom Schwartz, Barry. Using our practical wisdom. Ted Talks: Ted talks director, January 3rd(2011).
The question of wisdom and morality is the focus of the video as he demonstrates the effect in present day society. The question of “how do we do the right thing?” is asked and it relates very much to the beliefs of Socrates, as he discusses the difference between following rules or choosing based on wisdom. This video reflects the present day issues of achieving wisdom and the struggle of coping with society’s mistakes.
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