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Principal Parts of Verbs 4.1

2013-2014
by

Nancy Nardone

on 3 November 2016

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Transcript of Principal Parts of Verbs 4.1

Principal Parts of Verbs
A
verb
is a word or group of words that
expresses action or a state-of-being.
An
action verb
states what the subject
does
.
State-of-being verbs
show that someone or something
exists
.
There are four principal parts of a verb. The
base
form of the verb is the verb itself in the
regular present tense
. Then there is the
past
, which is the verb in the
regular past tense
form. The
past participle
*

is often formed by
adding -ed to a verb
; however, the past participle may have irregular forms. The
present participle
* is formed by
adding -ing to the base
of verbs.
*Participles have three functions: main verb in a phrase, adjective, noun.
BASE PAST PAST PRESENT
PARTICIPLE PARTICIPLE

join joined (have/was) joined (are) joining
like liked (have/was) liked (are) liking
fix fixed (have/was) fixed (are) fixing
If a verb consists of more than one word, it is called a
verb phrase
. A verb phrase contains
one

main verb
and
one or more

auxiliary verb
(
s
).
Anita
will

vote
in the election.

Kansas
has been

named
the Sunflower State.




Many people
can

speak
a second language.

The lawn
should have been

mowed
yesterday.
The words that make up a verb phrase are sometimes interrupted by other words that are not verbs.
AUXILIARY VERB LIST

am was be
is were been
are being

have do may
has does might
had did must

can shall will
could should would
4.1
Mary

is opening
the package.
Harold
painted
the fence.
This cat
is
so cute.
Ms. Davis
seems
friendly.
Jamie
should
not
have

gone
to the movies.
The package

will
probably
arrive
today.
I
could
barely
understand
the mumbling student.
Full transcript