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AP World History Timeline

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Natasha Struelens

on 9 October 2012

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Transcript of AP World History Timeline

Timeline Project Victoria Shim
Erin Shervey
Claire Connor
Maddi Brown
Tasha Struelens 600 BCE 600 CE
Middle East 0 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 520 BCE Darius sets legal standards in Persian Empire to be equal (State Building, expansion, and conflict) 500 BCE The Court under Darius receives almost eight hundred thousand liters of grain, fruits, meat, poultry, fish, oil, beer, wine and textiles (creation, expansion and interactions of economic systems) Late 6th Century BCE Zoroastrianism takes off (Development and Interaction of Cultures) 500 BCE Mesopotamia incorporated into Persian Empire (Interactions between Humans and the Environment) 334-330 BCE Invasion and Conquest of Alexander of Macedon (Alexander the Great) 520 BCE, Darius, the emperor of the Persian Empire, sets equal legal standards. This lead for a more unified empire as well as an easier empire to control. 500 BCE’s, Darius’s court receives an overwhelming eight thousand liters of grain, fruits, meat, poultry, fish, oil, beer, wine and textiles. Persia had a great year of trading and agriculture. 500 BCE, Mesopotamia is incorporated into the Persian Empire. This influenced large cultural changes for both the Persians and Mesopotamians. 334-330 BCE Alexander the Great goes on his conquest in which he takes Egypt, the Persian Empire, Bactria, and the Indus River Valley. This conquest greatly affects the cultural and political statuses of each area. East Asia 552 BCE - Start of Confucianism (Development, interaction of cultures) 221 BCE (Warring States Period) - Start of Legalism (Development and transformation of social structures) 200- 206 BCE - Great Wall of China (State building, expansion, and conflict) 206 BCE - 220 CE - Silk Roads in Han Dynasty (Creation, expansion, and interaction of economic systems) Second Century CE - Collapse of the Han Dynasty (Interactions between humans and the environment) 552 BCE - Start of Confucianism (Development, interaction of cultures) Theme #2
Confucianism began to develop around the year 552 BCE by Confucius and had a great influence on Chinese culture and their social structure. It dictated the relationships between people and that respect and control will lead to an organized society. It further commanded social behavior, believing that humans are teachable and perfectible through self-creation.

206 BCE - 220 CE - Silk Roads in Han Dynasty (Creation, expansion, and interaction of economic systems) Theme #4
The silk roads enabled the Han Dynasty's economy to increase as they traded items such as jade, silk, ceramics, tea, spices, and tools made of iron and bronze. Their manufacturing of silk allowed them to expand their economic systems, as they advanced in agriculture techniques that became prized in Persia, India, Mesopotamia, and the Roman Empire. Such desire allowed them to create an extensive trade route so their economy could further flourish.

200- 206 BCE - Great Wall of China (State building, expansion, and conflict) Theme #3
The Great Wall of China was built during the Qin Dynasty as a fortification around the boundary of their territory. It was created as military defense to protect them from the Xiongnu attacking from the north. However, even after the Qin Dynasty collapsed the Han, Sui, and Northern Dynasties continued to repair and develop the wall to protect them from Northern Invaders.

221 BCE (Warring States Period) - Start of Legalism (Development and transformation of social structures) Theme#5
Legalism was a main philosophical belief during the Warring States Period, believing in the Fa (law), Shu (method), and Shi (power). It was state rules that instructed people how to act and behave in society, with strong law and punishment. It believed in the power of the state, rather than the individual.

Second Century CE - Collapse of the Han Dynasty (Interactions between humans and the environment) Theme#1
Due to internal weakness and outside threats, the Han Dynasty eventually collapsed. The peasants were rebellious due to lack of fairness in distributing land and the government officials were only concerned with their own interest and destroying their rivals. Ultimately the dynasty fell and divided China into several large regional kingdoms for almost four centuries. In the year of 520 BCE, Darius, the emperor of the Persian Empire, sets equal legal standards. This lead for a more unified empire as well as an easier empire to control.
The the 500 BCE’s, Darius’s court receives an overwhelming eight thousand liters of grain, fruits, meat, poultry, fish, oil, beer, wine and textiles. Persia had a great year of trading and agriculture.
In the late 6th century BCE, Zoroastrianism becomes a prominent religion. Later, it becomes the set religion for Persia. This leads to a strong influence on later religions such as Christianity and Islam.
In 500 BCE, Mesopotamia is incorporated into the Persian Empire. This influenced large cultural changes for both the Persians and Mesopotamians.
Between 334 and 330 BCE Alexander the Great goes on his conquest in which he takes Egypt, the Persian Empire, Bactria, and the Indus River Valley. This conquest greatly affects the cultural and political statuses of each area. Central Asia 3rd Century BCE - Spread of Buddhism into Central Asia, Buddhist Kushans spread their faith. (Development, interaction of cultures) 392 BCE - Alexander the Great captures Samarkand in conquest of southern Central Asia to form the Achaemenid Empire. (State building, expansion, and conflict) 500 AD - Start of Feudal System in present-day Kyrgyzstan (Development and transformation of social structure. Events #2
3rd century BCE - Spread of Buddhism into Central Asia, Buddhist Kushans spread their faith. (Development, interaction of cultures)
Buddhism spread to Central Asia when King Kanishka became ruler in 78 AD and allowed religious system to spread throughout Central Asia. Buddhism was banished in certain areas like Iran but became prominent in many areas of Central Asia. Buddhism affected every society it spread to, developing the cultures and lifestyles.

Events #5
500 AD - Start of Feudal System in present-day Kyrgyzstan (Development and transformation of social structure.
The start of the Feudal System changed as it caused the social structures to differ in the region. It was a way of structuring society around a relationship between landholders and workers. It was a unique system that affected society and spread to many cultures.

Event #3
392 BCE - Alexander the Great captures Samarkand in conquest of southern Central Asia. This allowed the formation of the Achaemenid Empire to expand. Alexander was able to spread the immense Greek and Persian culture even farther than it was previously, developing the social and cultural growth.

Event #1
1200 BC – 400 AD
Iron metallurgy was developed in Central Asia and helped boost the economy and military power. It enabled the cultures to create sturdy centralized governments with their weaponry and improved production of agriculture and trade. Through the growth of the empires, the larger trade routes allowed them to spread their unique culture to a vast region of areas. Event #4
Starting about 600 BCE
Russia further enhanced their economy by trading slaves with the Middle East. The slaves, otherwise known as the Scythians, gave them a valuable resource for other civilizations to trade with. This allowed them to take advantage of the Greeks need of slaves for their agriculture and thus build their financial system. South Asia Buddhism officially announced its doctrine in about 528 B.C.E. In 325 BCE Alexander of Macedon left the parts of southern Asia he had conquered, leaving a large area with no control or system of government. By 321 B.C.E. Chandragupta led the Mauryan government to an extreme rise in power. The Gupta Empire, established around 320 B.C.E Pg 208 Theme #1
In 325 BCE Alexander of Macedon left the parts of southern Asia he had conquered, leaving a large area with no control or system of government. This area was taken over by the kingdom of Magadha. The expansion of this kingdom brought forth the unification of India, allowing it to grow into a prosperous and influential empire.

Pg 229 – 230 Theme #2
Buddhism officially announced its doctrine in about 528 B.C.E., stating that the cycle of reincarnation could be ended in any life, as long as the Buddhist beliefs were followed. The appeals of this belief system lead to these philosophies spreading to China, then to Korea. Buddhism has influenced and shaped many cultures and its impact leaving lasting impressions through history and to present day.

Pg 208 – 210 Theme #3
By 321 B.C.E. Chandragupta led the Mauryan government to an extreme rise in power. Ashoka continued the expansion of the Mauryans, created a well integrated kingdom, and promoted a steady economy and government for India. This empire was the starting point of India as a whole, and brought together the individual city states into a unified kingdom.

Pg 212 – 213 Theme #3
The Gupta Empire, established around 320 B.C.E., conquered many regions through both force and diplomacy. The Guptas left local governments to their business while ruling and were the most powerful empire until the Mughal dynasty. This period of time stabilized Southern Asia and left a lasting impression on the administrative government and gave the area a positive reputation.

Pg 216 Theme #5
The caste system was an organization of social class in India, stating that Brahmins, or priests, were at the top of the social class. This structure of class eventually led to unrest with merchants and artisans who gained wealth and resented the easy but rich life of the Brahmins. The caste system did promote wealth, but, more importantly, it inspired new religions, such as Jainism, as more people decided they didn’t like the role of the Brahmins in the current situation. Mesoamerica 50 B.C.E → Mayans developed the concept of place value in numbers 50 B.C.E → Mayans introduced calendar 300 C.E → Showed hieroglyphics of hierarchy switching from chiefdoms to institutionalized kingship (Theme 5) 500-1200 C.E → Different city states of civilization they traded cacao, vanilla, jaguar skins, salts, metallurgy was also pursued (Theme 4) 50 B.C.E → Mayans develop the concept of place value in numbers (Theme 2)
The Mayans development of placing numbers in for place values affects our mathematics today. Though we might not directly derived for the Mayan numbering system the place values of numbers have still altered our system of how to add and subtract. Math is one of our best tools.
50 B.C.E → Mayans introduce calendar (calendar round) (Theme 2)
The Mayan Calendar was one of the first calendars created. The importance of this is that it shows the early thoughts of time and how people used to measure the passing of times. With further investigation we can find different ways of how this calendar affected our calendar today. This calendar also influenced superstitions that we believe in today such as 2012 which can also insight us about the beliefs of the Mayan
300 C.E → Showed hieroglyphics of hierarchy switching from chiefdoms to institutionalized kingship (Theme 5)
These hieroglyphic can prove the change of a somewhat decentralized government system to a more centralized one.
500-1200 C.E → Different city states of civilization they traded cacao, vanilla, jaguar skins, salts, metallurgy was also pursued (Theme 4)
This trading of these goods spread these goods for use of new innovations and technologies all over the world. Not only that but these trade moments allowed for the spread of their cultural beliefs and allowed a connection of different areas. North Africa 430 BCE Vandals invade North Africa and destroy Roman rule 300 BCE Romans convert North Africa to Christianity 300 CE Introduction of bananas to Africa
300 CE Camels are brought to Africa 520 BCE Darius sought to bring the many legal systems of his empire closer to a single standard Europe
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