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Transcript of Invictus
About the Author
William Ernest Henley
PIT. noun. A hole; shaft; or cavity in the ground
UNCONQUERABLE. Adj. Incapable of being conquered
CLUTCH. Vt. To grasp or hold with or as if with the hand
WINCED. Vit. To shrink back involuntarily (as from pain)
BLUDGEONING. noun. A short stick that usually has thick or loaded ends
UNBOWED. Adj. Not bowed down
WRATH. Noun. A strong vengeful anger or indignation
LOOMS. noun. A frame or machine for interlacing at right angles two or more sets of threads or yarns to form a cloth
MENACE. noun. A show of intention to inflict harm: threat
FATE. noun. An invertible and often adverse outcome, condition or end
Elements of the Poem
SPEAKER: The pet himself.
RHYME SCHEME: A-B; A-B; A-B
METER: 1st and 3rd lines-8 syllables ; 2nd and 4th lines: 7 syllables
What is the chief quality of the person speaking the poem? The person has a strong and brave spirit, He is optimistic and seeks to find things and apply the happenings in his life in helping him grow as valiant person. The person reflected in the poem was regarded as someone who values every moment in his life and faces each struggles in everyday bravely. For him, Life must go on.
What has happened as implied in the first two lines? The poem started by a person with problems and struggles in life. He tries to achieve and stand up to face these struggles in his life. Even though his facing these problems he did not let it weaken his soul.
Explain the full significance of the last two lines. You are the one living your own life. You are only the one who knows what is going on and you are the one responsible for your destiny. Do what you can do because you are the only one who can fix and mend the broken ones. You live your life and live it up to the fullest.
Are the expressed in the poem pessimistic or optimistic? The person in the story was reflected as an optimistic one. He was hopeless and trying to find strength for himself in the midst of problems. Even though he experienced pain, he lifted his self and then realized that he can do something- to live his life and be an inspiration to those people who are suffering from pain.
Do you think that a person holding the same philosophy of life as the speaker's will succeed in life? It is really the same. We are facing challenges and we are living with it. No person in this world is having no problem. All we need to do is to be strong enough to face these problems and hopeful in the sense that we see these problems as challenges that will shape us as a better person or will help us to love and believe in one’s self even more.
As the saying goes You Only Live Once or simply YOLO, this tells us that we should make our lives worth living, so do what makes you happy, fight for what you think is right and love like you’ve never been hurt. Life is full of ups and downs and we can never avoid it but this would not be a hindrance if we just know how to overcome these circumstances bravely. YOU are the one living your life so whenever you face a problem never turn back to that problem it’s like you’re giving up yourself and letting that problem bring you down. Be brave and have a strong fighting spirit. Learn to free all the fears and burdens you feel by doing these you are making yourself a person you never thought you would be. Believing in your self is the very first thing you should do. If you don’t, then who will?
William Ernest Henley (August 23, 1849 - July 11, 1903) was a British poet, critic and editor. n 1877 Henley went to London and began his editorial career by editing London, a journal written for the sake of its contributors rather than the public. Among other distinctions it first gave to the world The New Arabian Nights of Stevenson. Henley himself contributed a series of verses chiefly in old French forms.
He had been writing poetry since 1872, but (so he told the world in his “ advertisement” to his collected Poems, 1898) he “found himself about 1877 so utterly unmarketable that he had to own himself beaten in art and to addict himself to journalism for the next ten years.”
After a disease forced the amputation of one foot and radical surgery on the other leg, William Ernest Henley began writing free-verse impressionistic poems about hospital life that established his poetic reputation, including “Invictus” (1875). He later edited several journals, including the Scots Observer, which published the early work of Thomas Hardy, George Bernard Shaw, and Rudyard Kipling.