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Personality Disorders

A in-depth presentation of personality disorders
by

Katie Craig

on 18 March 2011

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Transcript of Personality Disorders

Personality Disorders By:
KatieCraig "patterns of inflexible traits that disrupt social life or work and/or distress the affected individual." Personality Disorder Differences Many would say that personality disorders aren't any thing special, but are just another psychological disorder. They would be wrong. Mostly when you look at a psychological disorder they are viewed as an illness that attacks a seemingly healthy and sane individual. This is not so with a personality disorder. Personality disorders are major parts of the individual and in part make up who they are. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Obsessive Compulsive Disorder better known as OCD is an anxiety disorder in which the individual has unwanted and repeated thoughts in which they obsess over individual things, thoughts or feelings. There are many theories on what causes OCD but there are no for sure causes. Some suspect that it is related to head injuries and/or some infections. Normally the symptoms of OCD appear at latest by age 30 . Causes Symptoms There are mainly two major symptoms that appear in most OCD cases:
1 is that the individual suffers from obsessions and compulsions that are not caused by medical illness or drug use.
2 is that these obsessions and compulsions cause great distress and/or interfere with the individual's ability to function in society. Treatments While there are many treatments for OCD normally the first kind of treatment is an anti-depressent There are about five different drugs that might be used.
Clexa
Prozac
Luvox
Paxil
Zoloft If this kind of anti-depressant does not work the doctor may describe and older kind of anti-depressant. Which may work better but can have bad side-effects.
The last treatment is a type of therapy called Cognitive Behavioral Therapy(CBT).
In this treatment patients are exposed to different things that trigger what they are afraid of and from doing this over and over the patient learns to control their reactions to their fears. Avoidant Personality Disorder Avoidant Personality Disorder is where an individual continually suffers from a lifelong way of feeling shy, inadequate, and sensitive of peoples opinion's of them. Causes This is a highly uncommon disorder, and very little is known about what causes it.
People who suffer from it normally have had it all of their life and so it seems to be a normal part of them.
Only about 1% of the population will ever suffer from this. Symptoms People who suffer from this disorder are normally solitary people because they are afraid to start up relationships with other people because they fear rejection. Normally these people are continually consumed by thinking and worrying about their own shortcomings. Treatments At this time the best known treatment for Avodiant Personality Disorder is a type of therapy called talk therapy. Anti-depressants can be used but often have an adverse affect on the patient's whole behavior. Schizoid Personality Disorder Schizoid Personaily Disorder is a person who is continously disinterested in life and brings social isolation upon themselves. Causes It is unknown what actually causes this disorder but there are some theories that it is related and perphaps a lesser form of Schizophrenia. Symptoms A person who suffers from Schizoid Personality Disorder normally has the following symptoms:
They may appear to be disinterested and not involve themselves in whatever is going on.
Avoidance of social activities that would involve any close social contact with people.
Does not attempt or want any relationships with people, not even family members. At this time there is really not any known treatment for this disorder because there is very little known about the disorder.
Most people who suffer from this never seek treatment and so researchers and psychologists are slow in gaining information about the disorder.
It is found that people suffering from this do better in relationships if people around them do not put great demands on them for relationships but instead allow them to develop the relationship at their own pace. Treatments Views Psychological Freud's view on personality disorders and in particular anti-social diorders is that the person suffers from a lack of guilt, and this is all due to a problem ith the development of their conscience or superego. Biological In this it has been said that heredity can have a large play in whether a person has problems with personality disorders. While the exact cause for personality disorders is unknown it is thought that both biological and psychological issues account for the disorders. Bibliography Psychology: Principles in Practice
http://www.nmha.org/go/information/get-info/personality-disorders
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/personality-disorders/DS00562
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001935/
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