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Culture of Bhutan

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ShInGo AlQ

on 9 November 2014

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Transcript of Culture of Bhutan

Culture Capsule

LSS 2093 Intercultural Intelligence

Student Names:-
Al Anood Abdulla H00257147
Khuloud Alsaqri H00257375
Shaikha Hamad H00126159

January 2014

Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck

In 2008, when he was 28 years old
The fifth father king.
Language Spoken.


is the national language.


is commonly spoken in towns and schools.
Traditional way of life
(Farming and Trading)
Done by : Group B
Bhutan (The Dragon Kingdom)
Himalayan mountain range.
- East South and West of India,
- North West of China.

- Most Bhutanese are farmers.
- Allowed maximum of 25
- Fishing is banned until 2008.
- crops: rice, corn, and
other grains, vegetables, apples,and citrus.
- crops are traded in exchange of cash or other crops.
Bhutan Flag Resemble
- Orange color: “drukpas monasteries (dragon people) and Buddhist religion”

- Orange to yellow color: the secular authority of the dynasty.

- White: symbolize purity.

- Jewels: wealth.

- Snarling mouth of the dragon: strength of the people protecting the country.
Textile (Thag-zo)
- Make by women of eastern Bhutan.
- Used to be a payment form tax for the government.
- Each pattern and color combination has a specific name.
- Symbolizes for weaving.
- Depend of bamboos and canes of different kinds..
- Tsha- zo art is spread through the country.
Products are made from this art:
• baskets.
• Winnowers.
• Mats.
• containers known as Palangs and bangchungs.
- Symbolizes for bamboo work.
- Practiced by the people in eastern Bhutan.
• Wooden cups and bowls traditionally known as dapasand phobs.
• Wooden bowls are made of special wooden.
• Sold at craft markets and offered as gifts.
- Symbolizes for wood turning.

- Traditional Paper is called De-zo.
- This paper is made from the bark of the Daphne tree.
- Religious scriptures and texts were written on De-zo.
- Symbolizes for stonework.

Late on introducing T.V to its people
- Allowed TV 11 years ago.
-The King said "The risk is that the more we learn about the world the more we're losing of our own culture."
- The crime rise and the students are becoming more violent because of wrestling programs.

Read more in this article:
The World's Happiest Country
Bhutan measures people’s quality of life by makes sure that “material and spiritual development happen together.

Read more in this article:
The Land of the Thunder Dragon.
- Bhutan's nick name is the thunder dragon land.
- Earned the nick name because of the fierce storm that come from Himalaya and hits Bhutan.

- Read more in this article:
Bhutan smokers huff and puff over tobacco ban (power/fear)
- Bhutan has a power to banned people from tobacco
- Sonam Tshering, first one to be caught.
- Under public pressure, in 2012 it was allowed to import tobbaco for personal consumption under new laws.

Read more in this article:
The Influence of Buddhism on Bhutanese trial system.

- Bhutan laws is influenced by religion.
- Under the Bhutanese law the accused is innocent until proven guilty.

- Read more in this article:
Repaying kindness (honor/shame)
- The feeling of gratitude is very important in Bhutanese society
- being ungrateful is considered a shameful act.
• (Kadrin sam shep) means (knowing how to feel grateful).

Read more in this link
Culture Change
TV influenced to Bhutanese children from both sides
- The gender majority affected are Children.
- Bhutan blocked some of international broadcast such WWE.
- Bhutan started to broadcast most effective TV channel.
- Children become more open minded and changed their view of life.

- Read more in this article:
Bhutanese Women rule is changing
- Traditional belief that daughters should remain close to home.
- It is shameful for woman to work other than her house choirs.
- In 21 century, they become architecture, teachers, entrepreneur, and taxi driver.
- For more watch this video:
Bhutanese youth changed their culture and lifestyle
- Youths age between 17 and 23 prefer western culture to their own.
- They prefer wearing jeans rather than traditional dress.
- Youths are going to Triumph Disco Club: drinking, smoking in karaoke room, dancing Hip Hop or listening to rap music.
- Look more in this link from page 12- 18
Ethnic Groups
- 50% of Bhutanese population are Ngalop (Bhote),
- 35% of the Bhutanese population known as Lhoshampas or refugee,
-They are related to Nepalese lived in South and speaks Nepali language.
- Refugees are facing a huge diversity in Bhutan.
- They were banded from having their civil life as one of Bhutanese.

- Read more in this article:

- The official language is Dzongkha.
- English is commonly spoken in towns.
- Those two languages are studied in schools.
- Nepali language was removed from the schools in 1989.

- Read more about this crises:
75% of Bhutanese with the royal family practices Buddhism.
- 25% of other Bhutanese practices Hinduism.
- Other religions also practices in home of Bhutanese such as Shakta, Paurinic, and Christians.
- The construction of worship buildings other than Buddhist or Hindu temples still prohibited.

- Read more in this article:
- http://www.photovoice.org/bhutan/index.php?id=3

- http://ic.galegroup.com.ezproxy.hct.ac.ae/ic/suic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&u=971hctnet&currPage=&disableHighlighting=true&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&p=SUIC&action=e&catId=GALE%7C00000000MK4W&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CEJ2305100271

- http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3812275.stm

- http://www.worldflags101.com/b/bhutan-flag.aspx
Images Sources
- http://i.infoplease.com/images/mbhutan.gif
- http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/da/King_Jigme_Khesar_Namgyel_Wangchuck_(edit).jpg/220px-King_Jigme_Khesar_Namgyel_Wangchuck_(edit).jpg

- http://www.triptobhutan.com/images/bhutanese_language.jpg
- http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Environment/Pix/columnists/2013/2/8/1360346542060/MDG--Bhutan--farmers-tran-008.jpg
Image sources
- http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/images/b/bt.gif
- http://tcb.cms.ebizity.net/images/large/tcb_031613_weaving001.jpg
- http://tcb.cms.ebizity.net/images/large/tcb_031613_tsha-zo003.jpg

- http://tcb.cms.ebizity.net/images/large/tcb_031613_img_2461.jpg

- http://tcb.cms.ebizity.net/images/large/tcb_031613_de-zo.jpg
- http://animprobablelife.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/captionconte
- http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/About/General/2011/5/24/1306234755612/Bhutanese-Farmers-Carryin-007.jpg
Image Sources
- http://assets1.blurb.com/images/uploads/catalog/06/1071806/1068547-269a67e3a6a8fe0d1be8405f777c5602-fp-614ea8658950871d95327bc671b4895b.jpg
- http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/38712000/jpg/_38712971_nosmoking_bhutan_300.jpg
- http://www.judiciary.gov.bt/image/accessary/trial.jpg
- http://www.trektibet.com/images/bhutan_tour.jpg
- http://demodulich.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/tewfic-monks_tv_bhutan.jpg
Image Source
- http://www.kuenselonline.com/wp-content/uploads/IMG_2516.jpg
- http://caravanmagazine.in/sites/default/files/imagecache/story_carousel/sdas210308elections-bhutan572.JPG
- http://geoportal.icimod.org/UserFiles/Image/news/BhutanWorkshop1.jpg
- http://siteresources.worldbank.org/BHUTANEXTN/Images/pho-bhutan-edu.jpg
- http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_fXm68KmEgPs/TSPwAc8Pt-I/AAAAAAAAAYo/0oqJpRCck-w/s1600/1-731_s-P1000687_Punakha_monks+leaving+temple.jpg

- Visual evidence in this link:
Full transcript