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Culture of Bhutan

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ShInGo AlQ

on 9 November 2014

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Transcript of Culture of Bhutan

Culture Capsule
(Bhutan)

LSS 2093 Intercultural Intelligence

Student Names:-
Al Anood Abdulla H00257147
Khuloud Alsaqri H00257375
Shaikha Hamad H00126159

January 2014
Ruler
Name:

Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Crowned:

In 2008, when he was 28 years old
Known:
The fifth father king.
Language Spoken.

Dzongkha

is the national language.

English

is commonly spoken in towns and schools.
Traditional way of life
(Farming and Trading)
Conclusion
Done by : Group B
Bhutan (The Dragon Kingdom)
Location
:
Himalayan mountain range.
Bordered
:
- East South and West of India,
- North West of China.
Capital
:
Thimphu.

- Most Bhutanese are farmers.
- Allowed maximum of 25
acres
- Fishing is banned until 2008.
- crops: rice, corn, and
other grains, vegetables, apples,and citrus.
- crops are traded in exchange of cash or other crops.
Artifacts
Bhutan Flag Resemble
- Orange color: “drukpas monasteries (dragon people) and Buddhist religion”

- Orange to yellow color: the secular authority of the dynasty.

- White: symbolize purity.

- Jewels: wealth.

- Snarling mouth of the dragon: strength of the people protecting the country.
Textile (Thag-zo)
- Make by women of eastern Bhutan.
- Used to be a payment form tax for the government.
- Each pattern and color combination has a specific name.
- Symbolizes for weaving.
Tsha-zo
- Depend of bamboos and canes of different kinds..
- Tsha- zo art is spread through the country.
Products are made from this art:
• baskets.
• Winnowers.
• Mats.
• containers known as Palangs and bangchungs.
- Symbolizes for bamboo work.
Shag-Zo
- Practiced by the people in eastern Bhutan.
• Wooden cups and bowls traditionally known as dapasand phobs.
• Wooden bowls are made of special wooden.
• Sold at craft markets and offered as gifts.
- Symbolizes for wood turning.

De-zo
- Traditional Paper is called De-zo.
- This paper is made from the bark of the Daphne tree.
- Religious scriptures and texts were written on De-zo.
- Symbolizes for stonework.

Stereotypes
Late on introducing T.V to its people
- Allowed TV 11 years ago.
-The King said "The risk is that the more we learn about the world the more we're losing of our own culture."
- The crime rise and the students are becoming more violent because of wrestling programs.

Read more in this article:
The World's Happiest Country
Bhutan measures people’s quality of life by makes sure that “material and spiritual development happen together.

Read more in this article:
The Land of the Thunder Dragon.
- Bhutan's nick name is the thunder dragon land.
- Earned the nick name because of the fierce storm that come from Himalaya and hits Bhutan.

- Read more in this article:
Worldview
Bhutan smokers huff and puff over tobacco ban (power/fear)
- Bhutan has a power to banned people from tobacco
- Sonam Tshering, first one to be caught.
- Under public pressure, in 2012 it was allowed to import tobbaco for personal consumption under new laws.

Read more in this article:
The Influence of Buddhism on Bhutanese trial system.
(guilt/innocence)

- Bhutan laws is influenced by religion.
- Under the Bhutanese law the accused is innocent until proven guilty.

- Read more in this article:
Repaying kindness (honor/shame)
- The feeling of gratitude is very important in Bhutanese society
- being ungrateful is considered a shameful act.
• (Kadrin sam shep) means (knowing how to feel grateful).

Read more in this link
Culture Change
TV influenced to Bhutanese children from both sides
- The gender majority affected are Children.
- Bhutan blocked some of international broadcast such WWE.
- Bhutan started to broadcast most effective TV channel.
- Children become more open minded and changed their view of life.

- Read more in this article:
Bhutanese Women rule is changing
- Traditional belief that daughters should remain close to home.
- It is shameful for woman to work other than her house choirs.
- In 21 century, they become architecture, teachers, entrepreneur, and taxi driver.
- For more watch this video:
Bhutanese youth changed their culture and lifestyle
- Youths age between 17 and 23 prefer western culture to their own.
- They prefer wearing jeans rather than traditional dress.
- Youths are going to Triumph Disco Club: drinking, smoking in karaoke room, dancing Hip Hop or listening to rap music.
.
- Look more in this link from page 12- 18
Diversity
Ethnic Groups
- 50% of Bhutanese population are Ngalop (Bhote),
- 35% of the Bhutanese population known as Lhoshampas or refugee,
-They are related to Nepalese lived in South and speaks Nepali language.
- Refugees are facing a huge diversity in Bhutan.
- They were banded from having their civil life as one of Bhutanese.

- Read more in this article:

Languages
- The official language is Dzongkha.
- English is commonly spoken in towns.
- Those two languages are studied in schools.
- Nepali language was removed from the schools in 1989.

- Read more about this crises:
Religions
-
75% of Bhutanese with the royal family practices Buddhism.
- 25% of other Bhutanese practices Hinduism.
- Other religions also practices in home of Bhutanese such as Shakta, Paurinic, and Christians.
- The construction of worship buildings other than Buddhist or Hindu temples still prohibited.

- Read more in this article:
Sources
- http://www.photovoice.org/bhutan/index.php?id=3

- http://ic.galegroup.com.ezproxy.hct.ac.ae/ic/suic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&u=971hctnet&currPage=&disableHighlighting=true&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&p=SUIC&action=e&catId=GALE%7C00000000MK4W&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CEJ2305100271

- http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3812275.stm

- http://www.worldflags101.com/b/bhutan-flag.aspx
Images Sources
- http://i.infoplease.com/images/mbhutan.gif
- http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/da/King_Jigme_Khesar_Namgyel_Wangchuck_(edit).jpg/220px-King_Jigme_Khesar_Namgyel_Wangchuck_(edit).jpg

- http://www.triptobhutan.com/images/bhutanese_language.jpg
- http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Environment/Pix/columnists/2013/2/8/1360346542060/MDG--Bhutan--farmers-tran-008.jpg
Image sources
- http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/images/b/bt.gif
- http://tcb.cms.ebizity.net/images/large/tcb_031613_weaving001.jpg
- http://tcb.cms.ebizity.net/images/large/tcb_031613_tsha-zo003.jpg

- http://tcb.cms.ebizity.net/images/large/tcb_031613_img_2461.jpg

- http://tcb.cms.ebizity.net/images/large/tcb_031613_de-zo.jpg
- http://animprobablelife.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/captionconte
stimage.jpg
- http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/About/General/2011/5/24/1306234755612/Bhutanese-Farmers-Carryin-007.jpg
Image Sources
- http://assets1.blurb.com/images/uploads/catalog/06/1071806/1068547-269a67e3a6a8fe0d1be8405f777c5602-fp-614ea8658950871d95327bc671b4895b.jpg
- http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/38712000/jpg/_38712971_nosmoking_bhutan_300.jpg
- http://www.judiciary.gov.bt/image/accessary/trial.jpg
- http://www.trektibet.com/images/bhutan_tour.jpg
- http://demodulich.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/tewfic-monks_tv_bhutan.jpg
Image Source
- http://www.kuenselonline.com/wp-content/uploads/IMG_2516.jpg
- http://caravanmagazine.in/sites/default/files/imagecache/story_carousel/sdas210308elections-bhutan572.JPG
- http://geoportal.icimod.org/UserFiles/Image/news/BhutanWorkshop1.jpg
- http://siteresources.worldbank.org/BHUTANEXTN/Images/pho-bhutan-edu.jpg
- http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_fXm68KmEgPs/TSPwAc8Pt-I/AAAAAAAAAYo/0oqJpRCck-w/s1600/1-731_s-P1000687_Punakha_monks+leaving+temple.jpg
-http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uA5gn8fE684l
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3812275.stm


http://www.oneworldeducation.org/bhutan-worlds-happiest-country
http://suchit.net/photo/bhutan_2010/
http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2012/09/201292095920757761.html
http://www.judiciary.gov.bt/html/education/publication/buddhism.php
http://www.kuenselonline.com/tvs-stand-alone-influence-on-society/#.UrA18_QW2So
- Visual evidence in this link:
http://sanjitdas.photoshelter.com/gallery/Bhutan-generation-in-transition/G0000orWbEyo7Hhc
http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/04/bhutanese-refugees-are-killing-themselves-at-an-astonishing-rate/274959/
http://www.photovoice.org/bhutan/index.php?id=3
http://www.religiontoday.com/news/bhutan%E2%80%99s-royalists-fear-christianity-will-create-tension-11625726.html
http://www.bhutanstudies.org.bt/publicationFiles/JBS/JBS_
Vol20/07%20Preserving%20our%20Folktales,
%20Myths%20and%20Legends%20in%20the%20Digital%20Era.pdf
http://www.google.ae/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CC8QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.isas.nus.edu.sg%2FAttachments%2FResearchAttachment%2FReport%2520-%2520Melissa%2520(13%2520Aug%252008).pdf&ei=pEywUvujMuTW0QWOm4DIAg&usg=AFQjCNFh6N7u8JXycH7oQIqtVXYyZ_VFfA&sig2=Z4Z1Ivq0MdVcmd9QaaSxLw&bvm=bv.57967247,d.d2k
Context
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