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Nat Turner's Rebellion and John Brown's Raid

How these events led to and affected the Civil War

Rachel Ramsey

on 29 November 2012

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Transcript of Nat Turner's Rebellion and John Brown's Raid

Nat Turner's Rebellion
John Brown's Raid John Brown's Raid -Nat Turner was a slave in Southampton, Virginia and was also a Baptist preacher to his fellow slaves being a spiritual man. This gave him a great deal of influence over other slaves. Nat Turner's Rebellion Northern
-was demonstrated the level of anger of the enslaved
freedom seekers prepared to go to great lengths for liberty
represented rise of abolitionism in North Nat Turner's Perspectives John Brown's Perspective -Nat Turner's revolt had both political and moral importance to the Union. Nat Turner's Importance John Brown's Politcal
Importance Nat Turner's Rebellion Micah Newton, Josh Bridwell, and Rachel Ramsey -John Brown was an abolitionist, involved earlier in a small battle against slavery advocates in Kansas, killing five assumed slavery advocates. Northern
-North abolitionists thought this was a great raid and thought of him as a saint.
-North praised him as a martyr.
-North thought Brown sparked the action for the end of slavery.
-The North thought that Brown represented how slavery was on the downfall.
-The North believed that the government was now on their side to end slavery. -Led a raid on an arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia with 21 guerilla fighters on October 16, 1859. -Word was spread about the attack and the raiders were stopped by U.S. Marine Army Lt. Col. Robert E. Lee. -Ten raiders were killed and Brown was wounded and taken into custody at Charles Town, Virginia where he was convicted of treason and hanged. -Turner led only six slaves on his march to Jerusalem from Southampton at first, but after the rebellion began, he had some seventy slaves join him. -Turner wanted to attack the county seat, Jerusalem, and its armory, killing any whites in the way. And though the white population put down the rebellion quickly, Turner and his followers succeeded in killing about sixty white men, women, and children -Turner was captured and taken to Jerusalem where he was tried, convicted and executed. John Brown's
Perspective Southern--The South thought of Brown as a demon, especially the southern planters who owned slaves.- Southern newspapers wrote about how bad Brown was. They attacked Brown and his supporters verbally in the newspapers. -Brown was someone the South was happy to not have around anymore. -Brown had a few southern supporters, but most opposed his actions. -Historians believe this to be an event that helped start the Civil War.
-Brown made people realize how bad slavery was and this led to more conflicting ideas between states and people.
- Brown made is clear that slavery was a major issue that needed to be deal with and by raiding the arsenal he was able to make everyone see it.
- The government was now showing interest in the slavery issue also. This proved that it was an major issue and let to the souther succession from the Union. This led to the Civil War between the North(Union) and South(Confederacy). Works Cited-MLA Friedheim, Bill. "John Brown's 1859 Harpers Ferry Raid." Http://investigatinghistory.ashp.cuny.edu/m5.html. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. <stigatinghistory.ashp.cuny.edu/m5.html>.

Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1988. Print.

Jilton, Ned. "- Kingsport Times-News." - Kingsport Times-News. Timesnews.net, 30 May 2011. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. <http://www.timesnews.net/blogger.php?id=10239>.

Crew Jr., R. Thomas. "JOHN BROWN’S RAID: REcORDS AND RESOuRcES At THE LIBRARy Of VIRgINIA." Lva.virginia.gov. Virginia.gov, Apr. 2009. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. <http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/JohnBrownBib.pdf>.

"John Brown's Raid, 1859." John Brown's Raid, 1859. Eyewitnesstohistory.com, 2004. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. <http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/johnbrown.htm>. Southern
-great fear spread over slaveholders
Virginia General Assembly: passed laws that were against teaching African Americans how to read and write.
General Assembly: passed a law restricting all black religious meetings without presence of a licensed white preacher. -Because it was such a bloody and vicious revolt, slave states and owners became absolutely terrified at the idea of another. -They passed extremely strict black codes and laws that affected both slaves and free black. -These strict regulations angered the abolitionists in the North and inspired more activism on their part and more revolts on the slaves' part. Both of these revolts and raids contributed to the coming of the Civil War in that the tensions that were already present in the Union concerning slavery were brought to the surface even more so. The fear of the Southern states resulted in harsher treatment of slaves. The rebellions themselves inspired even more opposition in the abolitionists of the North. The disagreeeing opinions of the two sides stirred up the hatred and anger which yielded the Civil War. Contribution to the Coming of the Civil War Magill, Frank N. "Nat Turner's Slavery Insurrection." Great Events from History. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem, 1972. N. pag. Print Moss, Joyce, and George Wilson. Profiles in American History: Significant Events and the People Who Shaped Them. [Detroit, Mich.]: U X L, 1994. Print.
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