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Food As Medicine

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Daniella Youhan

on 17 October 2013

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Transcript of Food As Medicine

How Food Impacts Our Bodies

Daniella Youhan,
Nancy Henany,
& Tom Haas

Food gives our bodies "information" and material for proper functioning.

Nutrients in food allow the cells in our bodies to perform their necessary functions with ease.

Gives our bodies functioning instructions

Metabolic processes suffer and health declines when our bodies don’t receive the proper information.

Therefore, what we eat is central to our health.
Nutrients & Cells
"The science and art dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention, alleviation, or cure of disease."
Definition of Medicine
“Let thy food be thy medicine & thy medicine be thy food”
That's what food does --
it acts as medicine to maintain, prevent and treat disease
We eat for convenience and speed, not health and pleasure.

View food as the “enemy”.
~“I can’t eat that, it has carbs, sugar, fat, etc…”

Instead, look to food as a way to create health and reduce disease.

Ranked in the thirties for life expectancy among developed world nations.

Workers are constantly absent and perform at reduced productivity due to chronic health problems.

78% of healthcare expenditures go towards the treatment of chronic diseases.
Health Problems & the US
Human Genome Project
How different foods interact with specific genes to change the risk of chronic disease.
Seeks to identify molecules in our diet which alter the expression of genes.
"We cannot change our genes,
but we can change the environment which impacts how our genes manifest. One important component of this environment is food."
Functional Medicine

Many chronic diseases are now being attributed to a network of biological dysfunctions.
A form of medicine that thinks about how the body’s systems are interconnected.
Move beyond the superficial diagnosis to discover the root cause of illnesses.
Answers “Why?” --- NOT “What is the right drug for this disease?”
Focus on how diet impacts health and function.

Practitioners look at the interconnections between multiple body systems.
Example: Immunity problems could be related to faulty digestion.
Maintains that chronic disease is preceded by a period of declining health in one or more body systems.

Practitioners seek to identify early symptoms that point toward underlying dysfunction that may lead to disease.
Functional Medicine seeks to address declining health by providing the foods and nutrients needed to restore function in the body.

Cost effective and non-invasive intervention
(Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 2004).
Severe swelling and inflammation in ankle, knee, and wrist joints.
Took blood and ran tests.
Problem was gluten.
Gave her a diet that was gluten free.
Initially really restricted diet to clear her system.
Real Life Example:
Waleat Youkhana
Lost 30lbs.
80% of the swelling is gone.
Overall has more energy and feels great.
Specific Foods
Only eats fast food for several weeks.
Helps to understand how foods affect the body.

Super Size Me
Gained weight
Metabolic changes
Inflammation and higher blood cholesterol
Fruits & Vegetables
A higher consumption of fruit and vegetables is linked to lower incidences of cardiovascular disease.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Vitamins and minerals
Assists in digestion
Slows carbohydrate absorption
Promotes satiety.

Possess anti-cancer properties
Repairs DNA damage
Aids detoxification
Enhances immunity
Influences insulin glucose balance
Provide The Body With
Consumption linked to a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, asthma, diabetes, and some cancers.

Have very strong anti-oxidant activity, inhibit cancer cell proliferation, and decrease lipid oxidation and lower cholesterol.
(Nutrition Journal, 2004)
Whole Grains
Regulate blood sugar
Aid digestion
Control appetite
Reduce cholesterol
Remove toxins
Improve digestive system
Synthesize neurotransmitters
Help the Body:
Protect against obesity
Decrease risk of heart disease
Decrease risk of diabetes
Benefits of Whole Grains
One or more servings of whole grain products per day had a 30% reduction in risk of heart disease.
Jacobs et al., 1998
Inverse relationship between whole grain consumption and:
C-reactive protein levels
Serum insulin levels
Insulin resistance
Incidence of diabetes
Lutsey et al., 2007
Study Findings:
Regulate blood sugar and insulin balance
Produce hormones that regulate mood and sleep
Make connective tissue for skin, cartilage, and bone
Build muscle
Promote wound healing
Aid adrenal and thyroid function
Produce and maintain a feeling of satiety
Helps the Body
Provide insulation for the organs
Transport fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K)
Provide materials critical to the integrity of cellular membranes
Lubricate mucous membranes and skin
Provide materials used to make hormones
Utilize effectively glucose
Contribute to healthy joints
Enjoy efficient gut health
Facilitate immune system function
Increase or decrease inflammation
Help the Body
"To fight a disease after it has occurred is like trying to dig a well when one is thirsty or forging a weapon once a war has begun."
~The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine, The Nei Ching, c. 1000 B.C.
The China Study
T. Colin Campbell and Thomas M. Campbell
Message: if you want to be healthy, change your diet.
Shows the relationship between diet and risk of developing diseases.
1. The whole is greater than the sum of its parts

2. Vitamins do not grant vitality and longevity.

3. Plants are equal, if not better, sources of nutrients than animal

4. Genes DO NOT grant disease.

5. Nutrition negates and repairs dietary toxins.

6. Nutrition prevents and treats disease at any stage.

7. One dietary prescription treats more than it’s supposed to.

8. Holistic nutrition = bodily interconnectedness.
Eight Principles of Food & Health
Food & Bone Health
Starts when more bone is lost than can be rebuilt.
Loss of bone mass that results in bone becoming porous and fragile.
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Foods to Include
Food & Heart Health
Proposed Diet:
Plenty of fruits, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains
Restricted amounts of refined grains
Increased amounts of non-hydrogenated and omega 3 fatty acids.
Journal of the American Medical Association
Beneficial Fats Fish Oils or Olive Oil
Nuts and seeds
Whole grains rich in B-vitamins
Variety of fruits and vegetables
Dark chocolate!
Foods to Include
Associated with a decreased risk of:
Coronary heart disease
Cardiovascular disease
Benefits of Legumes
Men & women who ate legumes 4 or more times per week had a 22% decreased risk of CHD and an 11% decreased risk of CVD as opposed to those who ate them less than once a week.
Bazzano et al.
Food As Medicine - Christa Orechio
Dark Chocolate
Chocolate used to improve digestion, stimulate the nervous system, and to gain weight.

It was believed to stimulate "natural warmth [in the body] and the heart" it therefore increased vigor and "slowed down white hair growth, prolonging lifetime significantly".
17th to 19th Century
(Donatella, 2013)
"Jasmine tea, a green tea that improves metabolism, enhances detoxification, reduces inflammation and the risk for cancer, and helps chelate heavy metals in food".

"A multicomponent mixture such as fennel tea contains various antioxidants known to be protective against cancer".

"Green tea intake was significantly associated with reduced risk of oral cancer in men, but not in women, and the association was stronger in heavily smoking men. There was no indication that black tea consumption was associated with decreased oral cancer risk".
(Iten, 2004)
(Hyman, 2005)
(Fu et al., 2013)
Cancer & Food
All the “good” stuff prevents cancer in some way.

Animal products should be limited due to the fact that they have been known to lead to and even worsen cancers.

Tumor growth is exasperated by fats, sugars, and processed carbohydrates -- therefore such foods should be avoided.
General Knowledge Everyone Should Know
(Eating Habits, 2011)
Not everyone suffers from appetite problems during cancer & treatment, but there are options for those who do.
"Banana Milkshake"

"Apple/Prune Sauce"

"Lactose-Free Double Chocolate Pudding"

"Fruit and Cream"

"Protein-Fortified Milk", "High-Protein Milkshake", & "Peanut Butter Snack Spread"
Prevents appetite loss

Relieves constipation

Helps with lactose intolerance

Aids in sore mouth

Aid in weight loss
(Eating Habits, 2011)
Why, with all the research showing animal products having part in causing cancer, would the NIH and other organizations include so many animal products in their cancer-treatment diets?
More Ideal Diet:
"Epidemiological studies support a role for fruits and vegetables, particularly cruciferous vegetables, in decreasing the risk for cancers"
(Herr & Büchler, 2010)
"Other food components, such as curcumin, vitamin D, and certain phytochemicals, have also demonstrated anticancer effects through their impact on the expression of genes involved in these cancer-related processes"
(Kang, 2013)
From the family of Cruciferae, Latin for “cross-bearing” -- pertaining to the shape of the flowers or pedals
-- four pedals together resemble a cross
Cruciferous Vegetables
Broccoli & Broccoli Sprouts
Mustard greens
Brussels sprouts
Swiss Chard
Collard Greens
Turnips & Turnip Greens
Garden Cress
Common Cruciferous Veggies
Case-Control Study:
Cruciferous Vegetables & Reduced Cancer Risk
(Bosetti et al., 2012)
One of the best ways to reduce allergies in allergy season is to avoid mucous causing food and combat them with spices.

Spicy foods thin out the mucous membranes and can aid in breathing.

Ayurvedics believe eating seasonal products in season is the best way to reduce unwanted seasonal disorders.
(Pesmen, 2006).
Diabetes & Food
Studies have shown that eating a diet rich in whole grains and high-fiber foods may reduce the risk of diabetes by 35% to 42%.
Nine Foods to Manage Diabetes
Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension
Study done by NIH
Demonstrated impact of diet on reducing the risk for cardiovascular disease
DASH diet can improve blood lipids & lower blood pressure.
Systolic blood pressure decreased by an average of 5.5 mm Hg
Diastolic blood pressure decreased by an average of 3.0mm Hg.
NIH Study Results
Other Studies
Svetkey et al. (1999) and Sacks et al. (2001) tested the effectiveness and results of the DASH diet.

Both studies found that the reduction of sodium in the diet led to a significant lowering of blood pressure in the DASH group verses the control group
High in calcium, magnesium and potassium
Moderately low in sodium
Low in saturated fat
High in fiber
10 servings of fruits and vegetables a day
DASH Diet Eating Plan
Life Hacks
"To Strive For Better Life"
Sugar can cure a burnt tongue.

Soak a cotton ball in vinegar and put it on an bruise to make it disappear (in a few days).

If you’re ever feeling sleepy, hold your breath as long as you can, and then breath out slowly ---
it increases your heart rate.

Feeling an oncoming cold, don’t take some OTC junk, take some Taurine instead. About one gram of it and your antibodies are re-fueled.
(26, 2013)
(Tom Haas)
(Webster's Dictionary)
Food for Thought:
Has anti-inflammatory activity in the body.

Believed that part of this activity is due to genisteina, soy component.
Indicated genistein was able to suppress COX 2 (pro-inflammatory) molecules

Did not suppress COX 1 (cellular housekeeping)

Meaning: it suppressed bad messenger molecules and protected the good ones.
The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry (2007)
Looked at genistein for its potential to reduce inflammation in cartilage.
A Registered And Licensed Dietitian’s Opinion Of Healthy Medicinal Food Use
Johns Hopkins Medicine with Lynda McIntyre:
Cinnamon & Honey
“Cinnamon bark has been shown in a number of animal studies to improve blood sugar levels”
(Leach & Kumar, 2012)
The type, not amount, of fat consumed was found to be the most important factor impacting cholesterol levels in women.

Total cholesterol, LDL, and LDL - HDL ratio was better in women who consumed a diet high in mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids when compared to high saturated fat and low-fat diets.

Changing the quality of dietary fat may be more important than restricting it in general.
Journal of Nutrition (2003)
High-Fructose Corn Syrup is worse for you than sugar.
Myth -or- Fact?
Wild Salmon
Nonfat Yogurt
Non-Starchy Veggies
Egg Whites
Food as Medicine - Christa Orechio
(The 13 Biggest, 2013)
(9 Foods You, 2013)
(Food as Medicine: Starch, n.d.)
(9 Foods You, 2013)
(Food As Medicine, 2013)
(Food As Medicine, 2013)
(Food As Medicine, 2013)
(Food As Medicine, 2013)
Calories eaten at night are more fattening than those eaten early in the day.
Radiation from microwaves do not create dangerous compounds in your food.
We crave food because we are deficient in the nutrients they provide.
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