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Transcript of Candidate She?
Civic High Achievers, Few Leaders
Women are high
bachelor degrees (60% to 40%)
4-year degrees by age 25 (30% to 25%)
Women are more
volunteering (24% to 18%)
membership in community associations (31% to 28%)
voting (55% to 47%).
Young women are more
committed to service
than young men, higher percentage of women:
take service learning courses
contribute many volunteering hours
serve in AmeriCorps and Teach for America
Girls perform as well as, if not better than, boys on
tests such as NAEP.
Where are the gaps?
How do we narrow the gender gap?
: by the time women are of college age, the gender gaps are very large, and there is no evidence that college education diminishes these gaps.
s between helping others and community service to political leadership. Mentoring and instrumental support are essential.
More research is needed to evaluate the impact of both gender-specific instructions and gender-specific programs on political leadership aspirations and skills.
continue to address the race and class gap
among women in both civic participation and political representation.
Focus on CIRCLE’s research on obstacles and effective strategies for teaching civic engagement in general, and promoting increased civic engagement among girls and young women.
Kei Kawashima-Ginsberg and Nancy Thomas
from the CIRCLE Factsheet "Civic Engagement and Political Leadership among Women – a Call for Solutions"
Race & Class
Standardized tests in civics do not measure dispositions, motivation or skills for political leadership because they were designed to measure factual knowledge
Relying on civics tests alone will not help identify or address the gender gap in political ambition
Measuring relevant dispositions and skill early on would help us understand when the gender gaps begin to emerge, and how to address them
Young women show less interest in non-voting political engagement and political careers than men
The gender gap in discussion of political issues is expanding
Women do want change: more interested than men in changing social values and participating in a community action program
Women are expected to lead, but not as political leaders
Less encouraged to run for a political office (30% of women and 40% of men)
Parents, grandparents, teachers, religious leaders, coaches, and even friends all less likely to encourage women to run for office
Women are just as likely to be encouraged to run for student government positions as men
Only 6% of Americans believe that women are better suited for political leaders (21% think men are)
Disparities by race and class among women are large
Women of color are less likely than White women to:
be connected to the local officials
vote in local elections,
see friends and family
Women from lower socioeconomic background are less civically engaged and feel less encouraged to discuss politics or express opinions than more affluent women.
Yet . . .
in political office
in female representation in elected offices for the past decade
Same pattern of
high achievement and under representation
in leadership positions in business , law, and higher education
May 9, 2013
Women less likely than men to claim that they are qualified to run for political offices
Women are less likely than men to claim personal characteristics of political leadership, such as competitiveness and leadership skills
But public opinion polls suggest that women in general are thought to have more qualities of leaders