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The Kimberly's Landforms
Transcript of The Kimberly's Landforms
The Bungle Bungles are Natural orange domes that are found in the Kimberley, WA. They are 350 million years old and the rise 578 meetres above sea level. another name for the Bungle Bungles is Purnulul which is the Kija word for sandstone. They were accidentally discovered by a film team in 1983. Although people had found them before this time only when they were filmed other people started paying attention. The Bugle Bungles have a latitude and longitude of 17.4631° S, 128.5642° E. The climate is hot during the day and cold at night and the most common plant found is bundle bundle grass. the Bungle Bungles were formed by the sediment of an old river bed. The sediment was laid down in layers, compressed into sandstone and eventually lifted up to form a mountain range. Weathering then caused cracks and the edges wore away creating the smooth, round domes that we have today. The Bungle Bungles are important to Indigenous Australians becauseImportance to indigenous Australians they use the land during the wet season when plant and animal life can be found because of the cooler climate
Windjana gorge is 3.5 km long and 300 million years ago the entire area around it was under water. As its popularity started to climb a national park was established in 1971 to preserve gorge and its wonderful surroundings. Windjana gorge is in the Kimberley, WA, and its latitude and longitude is 17.4283° S, 124.9764° E. A gorge can be formed as a waterfall retreats upstream. They can also be formed by erosion. Limestone is common in gorges as it is easily eroded. The climate at Windjana gorge has very little rainfall and it is also quite dry. Some say that the best time to visit is from May to September as the weather is fine and temperatures are easily adaptable. Some plants that can be found at Windjana gorge include fig trees, cadjeput trees and liechardt trees. I have also camped at Windjana gorge and I ate lunch near the freshwater crocodiles that swim in the fresh water pools inside the gorge. This place is special to indigenous Australians because the Bunuba people once lived there and Aboriginal legend tells us that the Rainbow Serpent carved Windjana Gorge
Cape Leveque is on the northern most tip of the Dampier Peninsula. It is made up of glorious beaches with gorgeous red rock cliffs. This amazing place was discovered in 1688 by William Dampier although the cape is named after Pierre Leveque who found it in 1803. You will find Cape Leveque in the Kimberley, WA. It has a latitude and longitude of 16.3910° S, 122.9270° E. Beaches are made when coral reefs and rocks erode to make sand. This sand then gathers on the shore of a body of water. The erosion happens because of the waves and currents rubbing up against rocks a coral. Vegetation that is found at Cape Leveque include Acacias and mulga scrub. Cape Leveque is important to the Bardi tribe because they are people of the sea. This means that they get all of their food from the sea so their diet mainly consists of turtle, dugong and fish. Kooljaman is the Bardi aboriginal name for Cape Leveque. I have camped at Cape Leveque and when I was there I realized that it was beautiful for swimming and it had an amazing sunset. The climate can reach 37°C in April and 27°C in July
The Mitchell Falls is the second tallest waterfall in Western Australia. it is found in the Kimberley and it is 80M tall. Its latitude and longitude is approximately 15˚S and 126˚E. The climate at the Mitchell falls is quite hot as it is at the very top of WA making it closer to the equator. The temperature was 32.4°C at 3:00 on 22/2/14. One of the most common plants at the Mithell Falls are the Livistona palms. Some of them are said to be 300 years old and 8 metres tall. Waterfalls are formed by erosion. This process occurs when water rushes down steep hillsides and quickly erodes the rocks. The Mithcell Falls are important to Idigenous Australians because the river that feeds the Mitchell Falls is used by the Wunambal people as a water source. The Wunambal people refer to the creative spirit, Wanjina, as Gulingi. Gulingi and Wunggurr (the Rainbow serpent) created earth, seas, mountains, rivers, waterholes and all living things. They then gave the Wunambal people the land and passed on the law for living in the land. I have been to Mitchell falls once with my family. I was able to swim and camp there. it was a very beautiful and I would definitely go back there if I had the chance as I was too young to appreciate the views the last time I was there
Horizontal falls is a “waterfall” in Talbot bay. As the tide rises water pushes through the gorge and creates a horizontal waterfall. This rare, natural phenomenon is created by the tide coming in faster than it can flow through the gap in between the gorge creating a horizontal waterfall. Sometimes the tide rises so much that there can be a four metre high waterfall between the bays. The latitude and longitude of Horizontal falls is16.3800° S, 123.9592° E and the climate is a tropical monsoon climate with temperatures that range from 25˚C to 38˚C. Cyclones can also occur and it can get quite humid. The vegetation around the falls includes mangroves. Dambimangari people believe that this land is important because they live there. The Dambimangari Chairman, Warren Barunga, agreed that the horizontal falls should be part of a national park so that the falls can preserved. I have never been to the horizontal falls but it sounds like an amazing natural wonder which I shouldn’t miss out on.
The Kimberly's Landforms
The Fitzroy river is 773km long and it is found in the Kimberley, WA. it has a tidal rise of 8 metres and its latitude and longitude is 17.4275˚ S, 123.6544˚E. In 1837 the River was discovered by George Grey although it is named after Captain Robert FitzRoy. The climate around the Fitzroy river can reach maximum temperatures of 36˚c -40˚c in summer and in winter temperatures can reach 24˚c -32˚c. Natural vegetation around the Fitzroy river include Eucalyptus trees and Savannah grasses. An introduced species is rice which is grown on floodplains along the river's lower course. A river is made by rain falling in mountains ad hills which then flows downwards to form a stream. This stream then joins other streams making a massive body of water called a river. The Fitzroy river is important to Indigenous Australians because indigenous communities use river as water supply. The first people to discover the river were actually the Nyikina people, the Walmadjari people and the Konejandi people. Although many sources will say that George Grey found it first as it is most likely going to be from a "white" person's perspective. I really enjoy the Fitzroy river because I go on camping trips with family and we have crossed the river many times.
Pictures of the Fitzroy River
Pictures of the Mitchell Falls
Pictures of the Bungle Bungles
Pictures of Windjana Gorge
Pictures of the Horizontal Falls
Pictures of Cape Leveque
Tunnel creeks is WA’s oldest cave system and it was the hideout of the aboriginal warrior, Jandamarra who was killed outside the entrance of the cave in 1897. The cave is made of limestone and you can walk 750 metres into the tunnel. A national park was established in 1971 to preserve tunnel and the area around it. Its latitude and longitude is 17.6119° S, 125.1428° E and it is found in the Kimberley, WA. The cave has been carved by the waters of Tunnel Creek and as a result the limestones erosion it is now a brilliant cavern that you can walk through. The climate is very similar to Windjana gorge as it is only 1 hour 41 mins away. The vegetation is also similar to Windjana gorge as it is in the same area and national park. The area is of great cultural importance to the local Bunuba people. I have been to Tunnel creek whilst I was camping at Windjana gorge camp ground with my family. We had to do a day trip to get there but it was worth it.
Pictures of Tunnel Creek
Bell gorge is one of the most popular gorges in the Kimberley as you can take beautiful photos, it is an awesome swimming spot and you can camp there as well. The latitude and longitude of Bell gorge is 16.936649322˚S and 125.179603576˚E. A gorge can be formed as a waterfall retreats upstream. They can also be formed by erosion. Limestone is common in gorges as it is easily eroded. The climate for Bell Gorge is relatively hot. On Monday 24/2/2014 the maximum temperature is likely to be 40˚C and the minimum 22˚C. Vegetation around Bell gorge includes Kapok trees. I have been to Bell gorge before and I camped there with my family
Pictures of Bell Gorge
BY KATE LEEKONG