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Transcript of Taoism (Daoism)
- The Way...Sort of?
- Western translations
- The Tao is NOT a God
- Return to original state of being
- Experience and life gets in the way
Yin and Yang
- World as filled with complementary forces:
- Forces that must compliment each other and
would not make sense on their own.
- Balance, not static, equal
- Seek balance in life
- cosmic vital energy that enables beings to survive and links them to the universe as a whole.
- Ch'i is the basic material of all existence
- Ch'i is the root of the human body; more of Ch'i, the healthier the human body.
- This flow of Ch'i
- Lao Tzu, founder, many people or not a person?
- "Old master" referring to accumulated wisdom of elders
- Tao Te Ching the founding BOOK of Taoism.
- Probably not a single author.
- Tao Te Ching and Lao Tzu
- 8th - 3rd century
- Chuamg Tzu, sermons and debates (with Confucius)
Foundation (The Basics)
- Ancient tradition
- The Tao = THE WAY
- Founded about 2000 years ago, no direct founder
- Live in harmony with nature and people
- If he didn't exist, does it matter?
- Why make up a single founder?
Rites and Rituals
- Order and harmony the cosmos:
1) the cosmos as a whole (the world of nature)
2) the world or human society
3) and the inner world of human individuals.
- Purification, meditation and offerings to deities.
- Priests administer the rituals. playing instruments and chanting.
- Chiao (jiao)
Wu - Wei
- all action should be natural
- lack of planning
- spontaneous and natural
- the source of creation
- inexpressible and indefinable
- the natural universe as a whole
- the way of nature as a whole
The Way is to man as rivers and lakes are to fish,
the natural condition of life.
- Chuang Tzu
- Tao te Ching
- The "un-carved block"
- nature most powerful in orginial form
- nature prior to judgement
- Example: a baby
- Everything in nature is part of the same whole
- humans are nature, linked and created, comic force