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Taoism (Daoism)

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Matthew Biggart

on 18 May 2016

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Transcript of Taoism (Daoism)

Taoism (Daoism)
The Tao
- The Way...Sort of?

- Western translations

- The Tao is NOT a God

- Return to original state of being

- Experience and life gets in the way
Yin and Yang
- World as filled with complementary forces:

- Forces that must compliment each other and
would not make sense on their own.

- Balance, not static, equal

- Seek balance in life
- cosmic vital energy that enables beings to survive and links them to the universe as a whole.

- Ch'i is the basic material of all existence

- Ch'i is the root of the human body; more of Ch'i, the healthier the human body.

- This flow of Ch'i
Taoist Texts
- Lao Tzu, founder, many people or not a person?

- "Old master" referring to accumulated wisdom of elders

- Tao Te Ching the founding BOOK of Taoism.
- Probably not a single author.
- Tao Te Ching and Lao Tzu
- 8th - 3rd century

- Chuamg Tzu, sermons and debates (with Confucius)
Foundation (The Basics)
- Ancient tradition

China's culture

- The Tao = THE WAY

- Founded about 2000 years ago, no direct founder

- Live in harmony with nature and people

- If he didn't exist, does it matter?
- Why make up a single founder?
Rites and Rituals
- Order and harmony the cosmos:
1) the cosmos as a whole (the world of nature)
2) the world or human society
3) and the inner world of human individuals.

- Purification, meditation and offerings to deities.

- Priests administer the rituals. playing instruments and chanting.

- Chiao (jiao)
Temple rituals
Wu - Wei
- "non-action"

- all action should be natural

- lack of planning

- spontaneous and natural
- the source of creation

- inexpressible and indefinable

- the natural universe as a whole

- the way of nature as a whole
Tao Concept
The Way is to man as rivers and lakes are to fish,
the natural condition of life.

- Chuang Tzu

The Pu
- Tao te Ching

- The "un-carved block"

- nature most powerful in orginial form

- nature prior to judgement

- Example: a baby
First Principle
- Everything in nature is part of the same whole

- humans are nature, linked and created, comic force
Full transcript