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Transcript of English-French
- Middle English -
* Beginning of XII century until middle of XV
* Manuscripts: variety & transition.
* Decay of traditions & literacy practices.
* Overlapping with French & Latin.
From Old English to Middle English.
* Norman Conquest.
* Introduction of Norman-French.
* Edward became King.
* Norman customs.
* Edward died.
* Harold on the throne.
* Duke William of Normandy.
* Battle of Hastings (October 14th)
The new Regimen.
* French starts to be spoken in England.
* English: language of the "common people"
* Norman-French: language of the court, nobles, church leaders, merchants.
* Sir Walter Scott; (wrote in Ivanhoe)
° Norman-French words: added to the vocabulary.
° Anglo-Saxons: Knew both English & Norman-French.
° Mixed language: Changes in vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation.
* Inflections: English passed from inflected to analytic.
* King John was obliged to give up control of Normandy.
* Nobles began to feel English.
* English showed a large mixture of Norman-French words.
* English became the chief language in schools
English use in
Writing & Speech
Reasons for survive.
* Well established.
* Considerable written literature.
* Strong oral tradition.
The Final Result.
* "Normans had the power, but the Anglo Saxons had more people"
* 70 or 75 percent Old English.
* 25 or so percent Norman-French.
* Vocabulary: over half of it comes from French & Latin
Subject: History of the English Language.
Teacher: Y. Maribel Castro Madrid.
Student: Lucero Garcia Aguilar.
*Crystal, D 2000 "The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language" Cambridge University Press.
* Hook, J 1974 "The History of British English" Scott Foreman and Company.
* Alexander, Henry 1969 "The History of our language" Anchor Books.
~ From Old English to Middle English.
~ The Norman Conquest.
~ English nationalism.
~ The survival.
~ Final result.