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English-French

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by

Lucero Aguilar

on 17 May 2016

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Transcript of English-French

The blending of English and French
- Middle English -
Neustria
became
Normandy
Edward
'The Confessor'
William
'The Conqueror'
Middle English.
* Beginning of XII century until middle of XV
* Manuscripts: variety & transition.

* Decay of traditions & literacy practices.

* Overlapping with French & Latin.
From Old English to Middle English.
* Norman Conquest.

* Introduction of Norman-French.
* Edward became King.

* Norman customs.
* Edward died.

* Harold on the throne.

* Duke William of Normandy.

* Battle of Hastings (October 14th)
The new Regimen.
* French starts to be spoken in England.

* English: language of the "common people"

* Norman-French: language of the court, nobles, church leaders, merchants.
Blingualism.
* Sir Walter Scott; (wrote in Ivanhoe)
° Norman-French words: added to the vocabulary.
° Anglo-Saxons: Knew both English & Norman-French.
° Mixed language: Changes in vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation.

* Inflections: English passed from inflected to analytic.
Old English
Middle English
King John
vs
King Phillip
The conflict.
* King John was obliged to give up control of Normandy.

* Nobles began to feel English.

* English showed a large mixture of Norman-French words.

* English became the chief language in schools
The Hundred
Years' War
Parliament.
Lawsuits.
English use in
Writing & Speech
Middle English
Literature
Reasons for survive.
* Well established.

* Considerable written literature.

* Strong oral tradition.
The Final Result.
* "Normans had the power, but the Anglo Saxons had more people"

* 70 or 75 percent Old English.

* 25 or so percent Norman-French.

* Vocabulary: over half of it comes from French & Latin
Subject: History of the English Language.
Teacher: Y. Maribel Castro Madrid.
Student: Lucero Garcia Aguilar.

References:
*Crystal, D 2000 "The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language" Cambridge University Press.

* Hook, J 1974 "The History of British English" Scott Foreman and Company.

* Alexander, Henry 1969 "The History of our language" Anchor Books.
Preview.
~ From Old English to Middle English.
~ The Norman Conquest.
~ Bilingualism.
~ English nationalism.
~ The survival.
~ Final result.
Full transcript