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Geert Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions

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Celine Schlobach

on 9 April 2014

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Transcript of Geert Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions

Megan Martinez, Celine Schlobach, Margot Sica, and Gina Franco
Power Distance
"Expresses the degree to which the less powerful members of a society accept and expect that power is distributed unequally" (Hofstede)
Uncertainty Avoidance
"Expresses the degree to which the members of a society feel uncomfortable with uncertainty and ambiguity" (Hofstede)
Indulgence vs. Restraint
"Indulgence stands for a society that allows relatively free gratification of basic and natural human drives related to enjoying life and having fun, [whereas] restraint stands for a society that suppresses gratification of needs and regulates it by means of strict social norms" (Hofstede)
Geert Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions
Featuring: Dr. Maurice Hall
Geert Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions Theory attempts to explain the effects of a society's culture on the values of its members, in turn impacting their behavior, by analyzing various influential factors
Six Cultural Dimensions:
Power Distance
Uncertainty Avoidance
Individualism vs. Collectivism
Masculinity vs. Femininity
Time Orientation
Indulgent vs. Restraint
Individualism vs. Collectivism
"Individualism [is a] preference for a loosely-knit social framework in which individuals are expected to take care of only themselves and their immediate families" (Hofstede)
"Collectivism [is a] preference for a tightly-knit framework in society in which individuals can expect their relatives or members of a particular in-group to look after them in exchange for unquestioning loyalty" (Hofstede)
Masculinity vs. Femininity
"Masculinity [is the] preference in society for achievement, heroism, assertiveness, and material rewards for success, [whereas] femininity [is the] preference for cooperation, modesty, caring for the weak and quality of life" (Hofstede)

Geert Hofstede's Six Cultural Dimensions:
Power Distance
Uncertainty Avoidance
Individualism vs. Collectivism
Masculinity vs. Femininity
Time Orientation
Indulgent vs. Restraint
Time Orientation
"The degree to which a culture expresses and values short-term versus long-term time constructions" (Hofstede)
Which country has high power distance and which one has low power distance?
Which country has high uncertainty avoidance and which country has low uncertainty avoidance?
1. Denmark vs. Greece

2. India vs. Guatemala

3. Portugal vs. Ireland
Which country exhibits individualistic characteristics and which country exhibits collectivistic characteristics?
1. Indonesia vs. Belgium

2. Hungary vs. Pakistan

3. United States vs. Japan
Which country is more masculine and which country is more feminine?
1. Colombia vs. Austria

2. Chile vs. Mexico

3. Italy vs. Sweden

Which country has a long-term time orientation and which country has a short-term time orientation?
1. Australia vs. Germany

2. Russia vs. Iran

3. Morocco vs. South Korea
Which country is more indulgent and which country promotes restraint more?
1. El Salvador vs. Bulgaria

2. Morocco vs. Mexico

3. Italy vs. New Zealand

Thank you!
Now to our discussion with Dr. Hall
1. Austria vs. Guatemala

2. Malaysia vs. Israel

3. Philippines vs. New Zealand
Full transcript