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Ukraine Day 1 Project

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Ukraine Project

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of Ukraine Day 1 Project

Ukraine 14th Century 17th Century 18th Century 19th Century 1918 1919 1922 1932-1933 1986 1991 2004 Kiev was the Slavic Capital and one
of the most important Slavic cities. It is known as the
"mother" city of Ukraine, the Russian Empire, and of
the Slavic Orthodox Church Were You Aware: Poland-Lithuania conquered Ukrainian territory resulting in the enserfment of the Ukrainian peasants The Ukrainian people fled the harsh conditions of serfdom and united to form a military alliance. They became fugitives known
as Cossacks, and led a series of attacks against the Polish that were
occupying Ukraine. The Cossacks were led by Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky The Cossacks successfully drove
the Poles out of Ukraine Were You Aware: Hetman Khmelnytsky is on the 5-dollar note of Ukrainian currency After this revolution, the Ukrainian state was too weak to support itself and signed the Treaty of Pereyaslavi with Moscow This treaty was intended to keep Ukraine independent, but Moscow broke the treaty and forced them into serfdom again Ukraine tried to get rid of Russian protection by signing a treaty with Poland The Russo-Polish War ensued, and as a result Ukraine was split in half. Russia controlled half and Poland controlled the other half Ukraine is reunited under Russian control Pogrom: An attack by a violent mob that results in the killing of Jews and destruction of their home and property The first Pogroms against Jews started in Odessa and became more frequent after 1881
These Pogroms continued through Word War II and were usually sanctioned by the Soviet Union After Ukraine was torn apart during World War I, the Soviet-Polish War, and the Russian Civil War, Ukraine was given its independence Soviet troops occupy Ukraine and take over Kiev Soviet troops overtake Ukraine, and it becomes an original constituent republic of the USSR An artificial famine was created in Ukraine by Stalin. This is referred to as the Holodomor. The Soviets forced Ukraine to raise its production of grain by 44%. This resulted in a food shortage that killed 7-10 million Ukrainian peasants. Stalin wanted to break the spirit of the Ukrainian peasants/farmers. In 2006, a law was passed defining the Holodomor as a deliberate Act of Genocide. The nuclear power plant in Chernobyl exploded This resulted in the entire city of Chernobyl being abandoned along with other cities in the surrounding areas The breakup of the Soviet Union granted Ukraine its independence The Orange Revolution Occurred as a result of the 2004 election As a result of the continued protest, the Supreme Court found that fraud had occurred and annulled the vote There was a re-vote which Yuschenko won by a large margin This was a huge advancement in the democratic process in Ukraine The election of President Yanukovich was believed to be fraudulent by supporters of Yushchenco Supporters of Yushchenco took to the streets to protest the election Leaders
Power President Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych Elected President in 2010
Election was considered democratic
Trying to shed the image of being a strong supporter of Russia
His party still has close ties to Russia Mykola Azarov Appointed Prime Minister in March of 2011
Has accomplished a number of things while being a part of the government including restoring the pacing for construction of the Euro 2012 facilities along with renewed housing construction Maps & Geography Physical Geography Ukraine is the 46th largest country with 603,550 sq km of land The Dneiper River is the major river in Ukraine at 2,290 km in length The Carpathian Mountains are the only major mountain range in Ukraine Were you aware: There is still disputes over this territory between Ukraine and Russia Crimea is an Independent Republic inside the Ukraine History Cities Lviv Odesa Yalta Kiev Kharkov Kiev is the capitol of Ukraine
It has a population of almost 3 million people
Most of Kiev was destroyed in WWII
One of the first Slavic settlements to go by "Mother of the Rus Cities" Located in western Ukraine, north of the Carpathian Mountains
One of the few cities not destroyed in WWII
Cultural center of Ukraine Third largest city in Ukraine, and largest city along the Black Sea
Known as the "Pearl of the Black Sea"
One of the few planned cities in Ukraine, it was built on a grid system Located on the Crimean peninsula
Popular spot because of its beaches and mountains
Many sites and museums including Swallow Ac Castle, which is located on the edge of a cliff Were you aware: The 2011 Red Bull cliff diving world series took place in Yalta. They dove off of the cliff at Swallow Ac Castle. Were you aware: Yalta was the site of the Yalta Conference. Joseph Stalin, Franklin Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill all met here to discuss the unconditional surrender of the Nazi's at the end of WWII Kharkov is the 2nd largest city in Ukraine with around 1.5 million people
Not a popular tourist city, but well-known for its industry
They take pride in their engineering
Classic example of a Stalinist city LANGUAGE HISTORY OF LANGUAGE Communication Styles * Actions speak louder than words!

* The Ukrainian alphabet is different than what we are used to here in the United States.

* Friends and close acquaintances refer to each other by their first name and patronymic. RELIGION PAST PRESENT The Orthodox Church started breaking away from the Russian Church,and on December 17, 1917, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church council demanded Ukraine's independence from Moscow. UOC-KP= Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchate

UOC(MP)= Ukrainian Orthodox Church-Moscow Patriarchate

UGCC= Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church

UAOC= Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Church Architecture Meanings The Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kiev Patriarchate (UOC-KP) The UOC-KP was created in 1992 and headed by Patriarch Filaret (Mykhailo Denysenko). It wanted to become Ukraine’s national Orthodox Church but is not recognized by other Eastern Orthodox Churches. The Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP) The UOC-MP is headed by Metropolitan Volodymyr (Sabodan) and is called the "Metropolitan of Kiev" because it contains 75% of all Ukrainian people. The Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UAOC) The UAOC was formed in the 1920s and was supported by the Soviet government. It re-gained official recognition in the late 1980’s when Patriarch Mstyslav became the leader. Women Traditional Dress Men Vyshyvanka Ukrainian ethnic embroidery- many variations of its design were, and are still being created Today, most are homemade Kozhushanka A traditional Ukrainian sheepskin coat; kozhushankas are winter attire worn by women, typically in the middle Dnieper River region Ochipok A married woman's headdress, as part of traditional Ukrainian folk dress, often decorated with Ukrainian embroidery; ochipok is a cap that covers the entire head with a slit in the back and laces that pull it tightly around the head Ukrainian Wreath Worn by girls and young unmarried women; the wreath may be part of a tradition dating back to the old East Slavic customs that predate the Christianization of Rus Kozhukh Kontusz Zupan Sharovary A traditional Ukrainian coat generally worn in the winter; the kozhukh is normally made of sheepskin, sometimes decorated with embroidery and with leather, cords, tassels, and other accessories; they are tight at the waist and sometimes very long A type of outer garment worn by the Hungarian, Polish, Belarusian, Lithuanian and Ukrainian male nobility A long garment, always lined, worn by almost all males of the noble social class in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth; typical male attire from the beginning of the 16th to the middle of the 18th century; still surviving as a part of the Polish and Ukrainian national costume Pants that are free to the hips, often with assembly at the waist and collected at the bottom near the ankles; the presence of wide trousers in the territory of Ukraine designed for riding originated with the Scythians DEVELOPMENT Employment Education Economy Population: 44, 854, 065 people

Average life expectancy: 69 yrs old

Income level below poverty line: 35% of Ukrainians

Total unemployment rate: 8.5% Holidays Christmas -Beginning of Christmas festivities
-Starts when the first star appears in the Christmas Eve night sky Caroling -Dress in costumes
-Go from house to house
wishing them good fortune
-Kids spread seeds in the yards International Women's Day This is the first holiday of Spring. It originated in New York when women were working in factories with long hours and little pay. Easter -Decorate elaborate eggs called pysanky -Celebrated the two weeks after Catholic Easter
-Wives bake paska Easter baskets are a very important part of Easter. Families spend the night at the church, and at the end of the service the clergymen bless the baskets. Labor (May) Day -Originally celebrated the successful fight for an 8-hour work day Victory Day Constitution Day Independence Day This is a bittersweet day, as it is sad to remember all fallen soldiers, but they are the reason for the peace in their country today, which is a reason to be happy. Every city has an area on this holiday in which people gather called "The Eternal Fire". In Kyiv, it is located near the famous WWII museum and the "Motherland" monument. -Celebrated on June 28th, the day the Constitution of Independent Ukraine was adopted. They have fireworks and concerts to celebrate. On this day the President and his Parliament decide on what changes, if any, they want to make to the constitution, and the people of Ukraine can vote on any potential major amendments. -This is Ukraine’s largest state holiday, and it honors the adoption of the “Declaration of Sovereignty” of Ukraine. After two world wars and other political issues, Ukraine gained independence from The Soviet Union on August 24, 1991. They did not even establish a constitution until 5 years after gaining independence. This holiday is also celebrated with large firework displays. Famous People Flags of Ukraine Current Flag Military Ensigns Ground Force Ensign Air Force Ensign Security Service Ensign Sea Guard Ensign Naval Ensign Armed Forces Ensign MUSIC Anthem Traditional Music Music Nation Ukrainian music is considered one of the most influential and high quality in the world. Music in Ukraine has a very strong indigenous Slavic and Christian uniqueness. Their music also rarely acknowledges the heartland of the former Russian Empire. "Shche ne vmerla Ukraina" Slightly modified original first stanza of the patriotic poem written in 1862 by Palvo Chubynsky Important
Preserve tradional music
Traditional instruments used Klitschk
Brothers Liliya Podkopayeva Mila Kunis Kseniya
Simonova Vladimir the Great Saint Andrew is believed to have traveled up the shores of the Black Sea to Dnieper River in 55AD. By 1621 AD, the Kiev church counsel even declared him to be the “Rus’-apostle” or state apostle. Saint Vladimir The Great of Kiev invaded Russia in 988AD and made Orthodox Christianity the foundational religion. Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius then created the Cyrillic Alphabet and spread Christianity through the Old Church Slavonic language.
The Great Schism, a huge medieval division between the Roman and Byzantine churches, occurred in 1054 AD. Christianity was split into two different divisions: the Eastern (which became the Roman Orthodox Church) and the Western (which became the Greek Catholic Church). Poland gained control over Ukraine territories in 1241,AD and the Orthodox religion was suppressed. Roman-Catholicism became more influential on the Ukrainian population. Most Ukrainian Catholic Churches have an apse, which is a projecting part of the church that is semi-circular or multidimensional. This architectural element is found in many Christian churches throughout the world. The hipped roof is a common element found on Ukrainian churches because it easily sheds snow and rainwater. The amount of the cupola's, or domes, contain a spiritual meaning A single cupola (over the center of the church) represents Christ. Three cupolas symbolize the Holy Trinity. Five cupolas represent Christ and the four evangelists. 988 AD - The first Ukrainian language document was found when Kiev, the capital, was converted to Christianity. 13th Century - Ukraine officially became a member of the Grand Duchy of Lithuanian and Ruthenian which formed the official language of Ukranian. 16th Century - Seperation of Kievan Rus’ Eastern Slavic people into two languages: Ruthenian (now called Ukrainian) and Belarusian. 17th Century- Ukranian was considered a "dialect of Russian." 1876 AD - A decree banned the printing of Ukranian literature. 1991 AD - Ukraine officially declared independence and began speaking their official "Ukrainian" language. Even though Ukraine exported goods totalling about $71.53 billion last year, the country is heavily dependent on imports for oil, nuclear products and natural gas. Their fertile soil helps them grow their main agricultural products: sunflowers, sugar beets, and grain crops (like winter wheat, spring barley, and corn). Ukraine is recognized as a major exporter of steel. Many different countries around the world have military equiptment that was produced in the Ukraine. According to the CIA, the total gross domestic product of the Ukraine is made up mostly by the service industry (56.8%) followed by the industrial (32.8%) and agricultural (10.4%) industries. PRESCHOOL ELEMENTARY SECONDARY SPECIALIZED Involves nursery school and kindergarden Involves 1st through 4th grade Split into upper (involves 10th and 11th grade) and lower (involves 5th through 9th grade) Split into TEKHNIKUM (similar to college and involves entrance exams) or UCHILISHCHE (similar to medical school and focuses on centralized topics) Political Designations Ukraine officially declared itself an independent state on August 24, 1991. 90% of Ukrainians voted for independence from the Soviet Union. It is officially known as a unitary semi-presidential republic. Ukraine has an executive branch and legislative branch. The executive branch is comprised of the President and Prime Minister. The legislative branch is made of the Parliament. President The President is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The President nominates the Prime Minister, who must be confirmed by Parliament. The current President is Viktor Yanukovych. Prime Minister The Prime Minister is nominated by the President and approved by Parliament. The current Prime Minister is Mykola Azarov. The Parliament of Ukraine is known as the Verkhovna Rada. It is comprised of 450 Deputies and a Chairman. Volodymyr Rybak is the current Chairman of the Parliament. Sviata Vecheria
(Holy Supper) The Table -Extra plate setting
for the ancestors -Ring shaped bread in the center of the table called Kolach -Man of the house places a bowl of kutia in the center of the table -Man of the house then passes blessed bread dipped in honey to all those present Feast meatless 12-course
meal T.D. Lysenko Legendary boxers 1996 Best All-Around Gymnast

Commonly reffered to as the greatest gymnast in history Popular movie star and sitcom personality Soviet agronomist

Persecuted scientists Sand artist

Winner of "Ukraine's Got Talent" Brought Christianity and schools to Ukraine during his reign Musical Events Operas Kiev National Academic Theatre of Operetta Known as the most beautiful opera house in Ukraine
http://www.opera.com.ua/virtualnij-tur/ Odessa Opera and Ballet Theatre Lviv Theatre of Opera and Ballet Music Festivals There are a lot of cultural events that pertain to Ukrainian music Odessa Jazz Carnival Festival Chervona Ruta Polish-Soviet War
1919-1920 Russo-Polish War
1654-1667 Russian Civil War World War I World War II WARS Conflict between Tsardom of Russia and the Polish-Lithunian Commonweatlh
Also called the Thirteen Years' War, First Northern War, and War for Ukriane Background Triggered by the rebellion of the Ukrainian Cossacks against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Commonwealth initally suffered defeats, but regained its ground and won most of the battles; however its plundered economy was not able to fund the long conflict
Poland was forced to sign a truce Conflict Aftermath Significant Russian territorial gains
Marked the beginning of the rise of Russia as a great power in the Eastern Europe Conflict between Soviet Russia and Poland, which sought to seize Ukriane
Conflict began when the Polish head of state formed an alliance with the Ukrainian nationlist leader, and their combined forces began to overrun Ukraine
Soviet Red Army launched a counteroffensive, reaching the former Polish border
Western power feared the Russians would succeed in establishing a Soviet government in Poland
Treaty of Riga was signed on March 18, 1921 The Ukraine territory was part of the Russian empire
Ukrianian nationalism got to a point where it could significantly influence the future of the region
The Russian army successfully pushed away the Austrians and captured Ukraine's lowland territory
Ukrainians were split into tow separate and opposing armies: the Imperial Russian Army and the Austro Hungarian Army
Fighting in Russia escalated as well, and this resulted in the Russian Revolution of 1917; much of the fighting took place in the Ukrainian territory
The Treaty of Versailles in 1919 secured the Ukrainian land afterward War between the Bolshevik government and a number of rebel armies
The Bolsheviks had seized command of Russia's political heart; they dismessed the elected Constitutional Assembly and banned opposition politics, clearly favoring a dictatorship
Anti-Bolsheviks began to ban together and form the "Whites" in contrast to the Bolshevik's "Red Army." Ukraine's role in the war is basically unknown
Every Ukrainian family suffered
Victims of both Hitler and Stalin
During the first two years of the war, the territoy of what is now Poland and Ukraine was invaded and split between two dictatorships
Ukrainain territory suffered under brutal Soviet repressions
During the years Hitler and Stalin were in power, more people were killed in Ukraine than anywhere else
When the Red Army returned to Ukraine, some welcomed the; after realizing that neither the Soviets nor the Nazis had Ukrainian interest in mind, Ukrainians fled
By 1943, the Ukrainian Insurgent Army was formed. At its height, the army has as many as 100,000 people. -Today, most celebrate the arrival of Spring
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