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Transcript of Wilfred Owen
Enlisted in the Artist`s Rifles
Lieutenant in the MAnchester Regiment Bent doubled, like old beggars under sacks,
Knock-kneed, coughing liek hags, we cursed
Till on the haunting glares we turned our backs
And towards our distant rest began to trudge.
Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots
But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all
Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots
Of tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped
Gas! GAS! Quick, boys! An ecstacy of fumbling,
Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;
But someone still was yelling out and stumbling,
And flound'ring like a man in fire or lime...
Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light,
As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.
In all my dreams, before my helpless sight,
He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.
If in some smothering dreams you too could pace
Behind the wagon that we flung him in,
And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,
His hanging face, like a devil’s sick of sin;
If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood
Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,
Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud
Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,---
My friend, you would not tell with such high zest
To children ardent for some desperate glory,
To old Lie: Dulce et decorum est
Pro patria mori. Dulce et Decorum Est Historical Context World War I Lines 1-4 Thought Development Line 2 Lines 5-8 Lines 9-11 Lines 12-14 Lines 15-16 Lines 17-24 Lines 25-28 "Dulce et Decorum Est" comes from
"Dulce et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori" which
means "Sweet and fitting it is to die for one's country``.
The poet shows us how wrong this view
of war is and that in fact there is nothing
noble or ``sweet and fitting`` about it. Defines his relationship to the
situation: ``we cursed through sludge``
He identifies himself as one of the soldiers.
Gives him the right to talk about what he
Also reminds us that war isn`t a
far away thing, it is real and close to us. Figures of Speech Describes the miserable and grim world
that the soldiers are living in.
A change in voice brings the unexpected gas attack.
The men scramble for their gas masks, and one soldier fails to put his mask on in time and is poisoned by the gas. Speaker compares the soldier with a man
consumed in "fire or lime".
Knowing that victims of mustard gas drown in the blood from their lungs, the poet states that he knows he is drowing.
Compares the hue of mustard gas to being under the sea, viewing the soldier through an underwater mask which adds to the unreal atmosphere of the poem. It is transformed into an actual dream,
rather than just seems to be one.
A recurring nightmare that he cannot escape.
The soldier seeks assistance from the poet, but
he cannot help him.
The poet feels guilty and responsible for the death
of the soldier, which was a common feeling of survivors
of war. Here, the reader is directly spoken to, who the poet
assumes is safe at home and has not experienced the brutality he has talked about.
The poet suggests that if the reader were to experience these, that their conscience would be "smothered" like the soldier by the mustard gas.
The poet then describes the slow and painful death of the soldier. The poet suggests that if the reader could see what
war is really like that their attitude towards it would change.
Not to encourage war, because if they do, it is unavoidable that
the fate of the soldier will happen to many other soldiers.
He calls the phrase, "Dolce et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori" to be a LIE.
The last line, "Pro patria mori", is used for effect, to die for one's country. Themes Late 1916, posted to the western front, Battle of Somme
Suffered severe shell shock, deemed unfit to command and
was taken out of action in May, 1917
Was admitted to Craiglockhart War Hospital
Here, he met Siegfried Sasson, who encouraged him to write poetry about his battle experiences
Returned to war in September 1918
Was awarded the Military Cross for hsi bravery
Was killed in action at the Sambre Canal in northeast France on November 4,1918
Only had five poems published within his lifetime
Is considered one of the best English Poets of World War 1 Point of View First Person Narrative Point of View Death and Human Suffering Mood Tragic "coughing like hags" "Bent double, like old beggars" "But limped on, blood-shod" Metaphor Simile Hyperbole "All went lame; all blind;" "Drunk with fatigue;" Irony Personification "deaf even to the hoots
of tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped
behind." "An ecstasy of fumbling" Imagery "Dim, through the misty panes and think green light,
As under a green sea" 10,000,000 deaths
7,750,919 captured or MIA
This is not including civilian death Physical Structure 4 stanzas iambic meter quatrains last syllables of 1st and 3rd
and 2nd and 4th