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Pre-history and Invention of Cinema

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Matthew Smith

on 8 May 2017

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Transcript of Pre-history and Invention of Cinema

History of Motion Pictures
Early photographs are known as "daguerrotypes" and were not taken on film, but on metal plates.
1838, Louis Daguerre takes the first photograph of a human being.
1885, George Eastman introduces first flexible roll of photographic film
1889 - first transparent film roll.
Motion Studies
Professional Photographer from the UK
famous for his photographs of Yosemite

Hired in 1872 by CA governor Leland Stanford to settle a debate about a horse's gallop
devised a complex set up of 12 cameras along a track, taking photos as the horse ran past them
developed the first repeatable camera - 1882
shaped like a gun, it was called the "chronophotographic gun" and was capable of taking up to 12 sequential photographs on the same surface
eventually this lead to the development of repeatable photography on multiple surfaces
Lecture 1 - Pre-History and Invention of the Cinema
Edweard Muybridge
Étienne-Jules Marey
1891 - kinetoscope debuts
developed by WKL Dickson at Edison's lab
kinetoscope was a single-viewing machine
films were very short
set up in arcades
Edison sold the machines to business owners, but not his camera - he supplied them with films shot in his studio, the Black Maria.
Lumière Brothers
In France, they also developed a motion picture camera and playback system
The "Cinematograph" allowed for filming, development, AND projection
Travelled around France, shooting films in small towns, and charging residents to see those films at a show
They SOLD the cinematograph - they were in the camera business, not the motion picture business.
How is this different from Edison's model?
Georges Méliès & "The Trick Film"
a magician in Paris
bought a projector from England and retrofitted it to function as a camera
began shooting films in his own studio, which had walls and ceiling made of glass to allow sunlight through
known for his "trick" films - pioneered special effects in motion pictures
often the star of his films
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