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Transcript of Psychoanalysis part1
Sigmund felt guilty when Julius died
Outline of the
Overview of the Theory
Biography of Freud
Levels of Mental Life
Provinces of the Mind
Dynamics of Personality
Stages of Development
Application of the Theory
All behaviors, thoughts and emotions are influenced by unconscious processes.
What makes it so interesting?
The theory's cornerstones are sex and aggression
Born in Freiberg Moravia (now the Czech Republic) in 1856
Eldest of eight siblings
young Sigmund was a very serious-minded child
did not have close friendship with siblings
mother's favorite child
Freud had unconscious death wish for his younger brother, Julius.
Studied medicine because of his fascination on the human nature
realized that his wish did not actually cause his brother’s death and that children often have a death wish for a younger sibling.
In 1885, he studied hypnotism as a treatment for hysteria under Jean Martin Charcot
Under Josef Breuer, Freud further studied hysteria and the use of catharsis in treating hysteria
In 1895, Freud and Breuer published 'Studies on Hysteria'.
Freud introduced the term 'psychical analysis'
In 1900, he finished 'The Interpretation of Dreams'
a product of his self-analysis
contained many interpretations of his own dreams disguised behind fictitious names
In 1903, Freud's friendship with Wilhem Fliess, Carl Jung and Alfred Adler ended.
“it is not the scientiﬁc differences that are so important; it is usually some other kind of animosity, jealousy or revenge, that gives the impulse to enmity. The scientiﬁc differences come later”
In 1938, Freud was driven out of Austria by Nazi
“My emotional life has always insisted that I should have an intimate friend and a hated enemy. I have always been able to provide myself afresh with both.”
mental elements in awareness at any given point in time
Ideas can reach consciousness from two different directions:
Perceptual conscious system: what we perceive through our sense organs, if not too threatening, enters into consciousness
Unconscious and preconscious images after they have evaded censorship
Contains all those elements that are not conscious but can become conscious
Content may come down from conscious or up from unconscious
contains all those drives, urges, or instincts that are beyond our awareness but motivate most of our words, feelings, and actions.
the forcing of unwanted, anxiety-ridden experiences into the unconscious as a defense against the pain of that anxiety.
inherited experiences that lie beyond an individual's personal experience
Two sources of unconscious processes:
eye of the conscious
Reaching the conscious level is like making an appointment with a king.
End of Part 1