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Eve's Apology in Defense of Women
Transcript of Eve's Apology in Defense of Women
Sophia Rabbat + Born 1569
+ Little is known about her early life
+ Had two brothers that died before they reached adulthood
+ Father died when she was seven
+ Mom died when she was eighteen
+ After her mother died she became the mistress of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hundson (45 years older then her)
+ Later on she married her first cousin Alfonzo Lanier
+ She was then impregnated by Carey, but Carey paid her to say it was her husband's
+ Regardless of her affair, she and her husband remained married until he died
+ In 1611 she published her first poem
+ First English woman to assert herself a professional poet
+ Many scholars today refer to her work as "proto-feminist"
+ After her husband passed away in 1613 she provided for herself by running a school, however, she got in many fights and was arrested twice
+ Eventually she died when she was sixty seven and was buried April 3, 1645 Literary Genre of Time Period: * Baroque Era
* The Renaissance Genre of Poem: * Myth
* Fable Fable Because:
* it is about a legendary tale where animals can speak
* demonstrates useful truth Myth because: * Traditional narrative that reveals human behavior through symbolism
* Often pertains to the actions of god(s) Renaissance Era: * Means "rebirth" or "reconstruction"
* Historical age that came after the Middle Ages and was followed by Reformation
* Marked the rebirth of humanism, and the revival of cultural achievements
* Artists and musicians produced works that displayed more artistic freedom and individualism
* Art during this time incorporated a greater sense of light and color through new mediums Baroque Era: * Means "a pearl of irregular shape"
* During this time composers express emotions and feelings in their compositions
* There was an emphasis on contrast of volume, texture, and pace in the music
* Emphasis on the use of vocal and instrumental color
* Known for the use of dramatic elements in all art forms
* The baroque art period was the time of the Scientific Revolution and Age of Absolutism
* Art of this period has scientific subjects
* Architecture of this time period : Twisted columns, More curves instead of straight lines, and highly decorative details and ornaments Stanza 1 * Adam should be blamed because God bore him first
* Even though Eve made the first mistake, Adam's actions are at fault as well
* This is because to everyone else Adam was the "Lord and Kind of all the earth" Stanza 2 * Adam was created by God's mind
and is therefore a perfect man
* Adam also received the command from God that told him to not eat the apple
* Adam knew if he and Eve ate the apple the consequence would be death even though they would have the power to "rule both Sea and Land"
* Yet the apple won in the end (need for power won)
* Because the apple won, Adam lost all his beauty mentally and physically
- Caused everyone else to be in danger Stanza 3 * Poet starts to get angrier at Adam in this stanza (men in general)
* Adam had the audacity to blame the eating of the apple on women
* Adam was being discreet and was lying to himself
* If Eve did make the mistake it was only for her to learn more
* Adam said that in fairness the snake made him eat the fruit too, after Eve did
* The serpent did not betray Adam, Adam betrayed himself for wanting more power Stanza 4 * Eve did not want any power, her only fault was that she loved too much
* This made her bite the apple for Adam
* She only ate the apple so Adam would become more knowledgeable
* Adam knew God would punish him for not biting the apple to save Eve
* Yet men will still blame women and say they are the smarter sex just because they read it in a "book" (the Bible) 1. Stanza 1: Line 5- "Although the serpent's craft had her abused"
* Represents the devil 2. Stanza 1: Line 6- "God's holy word ought all his actions frame"
* God's advice that he gave to Adam 3. Stanza 2: Line 1- "Who being framed by God's eternal hand"
* God's power to make human being (like Adam) 4. Stanza 3: Line 1- "And then to lay the fault on Patience' back"
* Eve's fault 5. Stanza 3: Line 7- "No subtle Serpent's falsehood did betray him"
* The devils lies 6. Stanza 4: Line 8- "From Eve's fair hand, as from a learned Book"
* The Bible But surely Adam can not be excused,
Her fault though great, yet he was most to blame;
What Weakness offered, Strength might have refused,
Being Lord of all, the greater was his shame:
Although the Serpent's craft had her abused,
God's holy word ought all his actions frame,
For he was Lord and King of all the earth,
Before poore Eve had either life or breath. Who being framed by God's eternal hand,
The perfectest man that ever breathed on earth;
And from God's mouth received that straight command,
The breach whereof he knew was present death:
Yea having power to rule both Sea and Land,
Yet with one Apple won to loose that breath
Which God had breathed in his beauteous face,
Bringing us all in danger and disgrace.
And then to lay the fault on Patience' back,
That we (poor women) must endure it all;
We know right well he did discretion lack,
Being not persuaded thereunto at all;
If Eve did err, it was for knowledge' sake,
The fruit being fair persuaded him to fall:
No subtle Serpent's falsehood did betray him,
If he would eat it, who had power to stay him? Not Eve, whose fault was only too much love,
Which made her give this present to her Dear,
That what she tasted, he likewise might prove,
Whereby his knowledge might become more clear;
He never sought her weakeness to reprove,
With those sharp words, which he of God did hear:
Yet Men will boast of Knowledge, which he took
From Eve's fair hand, as from a learned Book. The poem in its entirety Examination of Title: Eve's Apology in Defense of Women * Eve is apologizing for what she did in the garden
* She is defending all women Types of Connotation/ Figurative Language used in poem: * Imagery
* Personification Speaker's Attitude in Poem * The first two stanzas the speaker is very direct and defensive
* From the second stanza to the third stanza there is a slight shift in the speaker's attitude
* The speaker becomes very critical and condescending towards Adam and men Figurative Language Examples Imagery:
* "Who being framed by God's eternal hand,
The perfectest man that ever breathed on earth"
- From the description the reader paints a picture in his/her head Simile:
* " From Eve's fair hand, as from a learned Book"
- Comparison between Eve's hand and the Bible using the word "as" Metaphor:
* " Alliteration:
* "What Weakness"
* "breathed in his beauteous face,
* "danger and disgrace" Personification:
* "And then to lay the fault on Patience' back"
* "What Weakness offered, Strength might have refused"
* "Yet Men will boast of Knowledge, which he took from Eve's fair hand"
- These examples give human qualities to inanimate objects Poem's Rhyme Scheme * The poem follows the Ottava rima rhyme scheme
- Ottava rima- rhyming stanza form of Italian origin. Originally used for long poems on heroic themes * This rhyme scheme follows the pattern
A,B,A,B,A,B,C,C Theme of Poem * There is not just one message from this poem
* There are two sides to every story
* Do not believe everything you read/hear
* Men and women were created equally and sometimes men forget that
- Women have to be brave and courageous to show men that they were created equal Re-Examination of Title: Eve's Apology in Defense of Women * The speaker is defending women by reminding men that God created all human being equally
* The poem is not about Eve’s apology, but rather some omniscient being who seemed to know why Adam really bit the apple and why Eve really bit the apple
-Poem is more of an explanation rather than apology
* The title is very fitting for the poem and sets the stage for the lines that follow EVE ADAM Background information to the poem is the story in the Bible about Adam and Eve.
(2:15-3:09) Works Cited *"Renaissance Art." Reading. Art and Expression. Maria Lacy Kitchin, Spring 2004. Web. 10 Feb. 2013.
* Love, Mark. "Emilia Lanier (the Dark Lady?)." IN Search of Shakespeare. MayaVision International, 2003. Web. 10 Feb. 2013.
* "The Baroque Era." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013.