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Early Man/Hominids - 6th Grade TCI

Learn about the 5 main types of hominids: Australopithecus Afarensis, Homo Habilis, Homo Erectus, Homo Neanderthalensis, and Homo Sapiens Sapiens. Explore the capabilities that helped each group survive.
by

Jennifer Kotulak

on 20 September 2014

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Transcript of Early Man/Hominids - 6th Grade TCI

A Biped
2 feet
walks on
What capabilities help hominids survive?
A look into the 5 types of hominids
1. Australopithecus Afarensis
2. Homo Habilis
3. Homo Erectus
4. Homo Sapiens Neanderthalensis
5. Homo Sapiens Sapiens
3-4 million years ago...
BIG IDEA: What
capabilities
helped hominids survive?
1. Australopithecus Afarensis
...a hominid named Lucy
roamed the earth...
...she was scientifically known as Australopithecus Afarensis...
...her capability was being a
BIPED...
3-4 million years ago
Australopithecus Afarensis
Benefits of Bipeds:
Gather more food
Protect children
C
a
p
a
b
i
l
i
t
y
1.5 - 2 million years ago...
Homo Habilis roamed the earth
he was also known as the "Handy Man"

1. Stone tools
2. Living in groups
The
capabilities
of Handy Man were:
1.5-2 million years ago
Homo Habilis
"Handy Man"
1.8 million - 200,000 B.C.E.
Homo Erectus
"Upright Man"
200,000 - 28,000 years ago
Homo Sapien Neanderthalensis
"Neanderthal Man"
150,000 years ago
Homo Sapiens Sapiens
"Doubly Wise Man"
"Lucy"
1.8 million - 200,000 B.C.E.
Benefits of living in groups:
1. Collect food over larger areas of land
2. Protection against animal attacks
Benefits of stone tools:
Skin animals for more meat
Crush bones for marrow
...lived
Homo
Erectus...
also known as
Upright Man
Capabilities:
strong bones
large brain =
=
travel farther distances &
migrate
out of Africa
create fire, make complex tools, build shelter
Strong bones helped
this group to stand
up taller and travel
farther distances.
This picture shows hominids cooking meat
over fire and using a mountainside for
shelter. They are also working together.
Homo Erectus were the first hominids to migrate out of Africa. They went to Asia and Europe.
2. Homo Habilis
3. Homo Erectus
4. Homo Sapiens Neanderthalensis
5. Homo Sapiens Sapiens
200,000 - 28,000 years ago...
...lived Homo Sapiens Neanderthalensis...
...also known as Neanderthal Man.
This group's capabilities were
larger brains
and
a sense of community.
Skilled toolmakers - over 60 types
Knives, scrapers, spear points
Hunt in an organized group
Burial sites and a sense of ritual
Help the injured when hunting
You can see the sense of community in the burial ritual.
Hunting in an organized group with spears.
Neanderthal Man
Homo Sapiens Sapiens
Nickname: Doubly Wise Man
Capabilities
=
Larger Brain
Create better tools
Shelter
Clothing
Needles for sewing animal skins together.


Could stay warmer
in colder climates.
Tools:
Hooks and spears to catch fish
Spear thrower
hunt from a distance
safer
Tools for engraving and carving
spear thrower
spear head and hook
150,000 years ago - early modern humans
built more permanent shelter out of stone
Doubly Wise Man migrated from Africa to
Europe, Asia, Australia, North American, and South America
Homo Sapiens Sapiens created cave art
to express themselves. They were said to
have started the first complex
language.
Early Hominids
Full transcript