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History of health

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Evelina Mahler

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of History of health

a little history of health and medicine... Century II AC Galeno: he did many dissections on animals and concluded that the body works like a machine:
If one part of the machine (eg: an organ) is broken, than the doctor has to fix just this part and disease will be gone

Middle Age

health is a spiritual phenomenon and disease is a divine punishment.
times of big plagues in Europe, and many public measures of hygiene, first hospitals, quarantines, lazaretts XVI Century

Galileo designs the first microscope
This allows to identify: CELLS, BACTERIA and PROTOZOA
Microorganisms were recognized to be responsible for diseases 1833: Robert Brown discovers the nucleus of a cell Vth Century BC Hippocrates: he understood that disease
comes from a loss of balance between the "humors of life": blood, black bilis and yellow billis.
He considers the person as a whole 1838: Schleiden and Schwann propose the cellular theory: the cell is the structural and functional unit of living beings
Alterations in cells are cause of disease Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch discover the origin of rabies (a virus) and tuberculosis (a bacteria) This leads to the theory that microbes are the origin of all diseases, that the person is not responsible for his own health Importance of the doctor: superspecialized medicine, man not as a whole 1920´s
SIGMUND FREUD: mind and body are strongly related, man is a whole XXth Century: After World War II, the WHO was created (1964), focus on non-infectious diseases

Since 1970: crisis in the state of well being, re emergence of old epidemics, new epidemics (AIDS), sanitary problems, risk behaviors (addictions)

Focus on Promotion and Prevention

Health not as a state, but as a process
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