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Transcript of London Docklands
- Spanning through Southwark, Tower Hamlets, Lewisham, Newham and Greenwich
- Once was the worlds largest port
- Redeveloped for commercial and residential use Why was re-development needed? - Ships trying to dock in London became too large and could no longer fit
- Other modes of transport became more efficient and were less time consuming
- Docks were damaged in WWII - 380,000 tons of timber destroyed in the Surrey Docks in a single night
- 20000 jobs lost, causing unemployment to reach 18%
- Population decreased by 20% and 60% of the land was derelict What was the area like prior to the re-development? Success? 4 main aims... - Population increased from 30,000 to 79,000
- 120,000 jobs created in some way
- Popular tourist attraction
- Improvements didn't benefit the original 'eastenders'
- Many locals were unable to afford the high costs of the new expensive houses / flats (still a lack of low-cost housing in the area)
- Increase in jobs but most required skills that the old dockers did not have
- Reduction in community spirit
- Increased amounts of noise and air pollution to the area - Small population
- Low-lying marshes which was unsuitable for agriculture
- The formation of the docks created a number of tight-knit local communities
- Poor communications meant the communities were quite isolated London Docklands Joe, Becca, Lilly and Nicole Housing Development Use of land and
existing buildings Attractive
environment - £10 million spent on improvements to council and housing association homes
- A total of 22,000 new homes built (mainly private ownership with approx 19% for rent)
- Made low income housing a priority
- Later found that there was an inefficient amount of council housing created
- 3500 homeless in the area
- Housing was aimed at the wrong market - Large new shopping centre at Canary Wharf with over 30 shops, restaurants, pubs and cafes built
- £100 million spent on health, education, job training etc
- Attracted big companies such as HSBC causing an influx of 700 new firms to the area
- Unemployment fell from 14% to 7.4%
- Greater accessibility to the area with the opening of the Docklands Light Railway in 1987 and major new roads including link to the M11
- Provided a large number of jobs but most were regarded as highly skilled, therefore the dock workers could not work there - Conversion and gentrification of old warehouses to new homes
- Transformation of old dockland buildings into shopping outlets (e.g. Tobacco Dock) - Network of pedestrian and cycle routes through the area with access to the river and dock edge through waterside walkways
- Creation of pedestrian bridges
- Creation of new open spaces (150ha)
- Water based Ecology Park and London's first bird sanctuary at East India Dock Basin
- One of 17 conservation areas set up
- Planting of 200,000 trees, costing £30000
- The area has now received many awards for architecture, conservation and landscaping