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Transcript of Pierre Trudeau
was of Scottish and French descent
grew up speaking both French and English
Born to wealthy family
Attended Jesuit College Jean-de-Brebeuf, U de M, Harvard and London school of economics.
reputation for dating high profile women
Invited to be a liberal in 1965, won in the election and became Minister of Justice.
flamboyant, charismatic and sexy, making it fashionable for the upbeat
PM from 1968-79 and 1980-84 with the liberals Middle Power Centralize and nationalize decision making
Argued against nationalist Quebec becoming their own country - promised them a new Constitution if they voted no
October Crisis 1970 - initiated the War Measures Act
Official Language Act - 1969 and 1988
1980's - high levels of inflation and unemployment - Wage and Price controls
160% increase in world oil prices - created National Energy Program - caused upset in Western Provinces Pierre Trudeau Abortion Rights
-Trudeau made abortion legal
- Didn't allow any opposition on the matter
•The foundation of Trudeau's foreign policy in overcoming the North-South gap.
•Trudeau called for more aid for the poor countries of the world. •The agreement between two countries by which each had representatives in the other nation.
•Trudeau made Canada the first western power to initiate diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.
•Canada had become a middle power.
•Included Trudeau's efforts to reduce nuclear weapons, to establish trade and sporting links with communist states, and calling for more aid for the poor countries of the world. B+ Bregha, Francois. "National Energy Program." Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. The Historica Foundation, 2012. Web. 08 Dec. 2012.
"Canada - China Diplomatic Relations." Government of Canada. N.p., 15 Dec. 2011. Web. 09 Dec. 2012.
Canada's Prime Ministers, 1867 - 1994: Biographies and Anecdotes. [Ottawa]: National Archives of Canada, . 40 p.
Cranny, Michael William, and Garvin Moles. "Canada in the Post-War World." Counterpoints: Exploring Canadian Issues. Toronto: Prentice Hall, 2001. 130-159. Print.
Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages. "Official Languages Act (1988)." Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. The Historica Foundation, 2012. Web. 08 Dec. 2012.
Pearson, Geoffrey. "Trudeau and Foreign Policy." Peace Magazine. Peace Magazine, Jan. 2001. Web. Dec. 2012.
"Pierre Elliott Trudeau." Biographi.ca. University of Toronto, 2000. Web. 8 Dec. 2012
"Pierre Elliott Trudeau." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica-Dominion, 2012. Web. 8 Dec. 2012. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/pierre-elliott-trudeau>.
"Pierre Elliott Trudeau." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2012. Web. 10 Dec. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/606985/Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau>.
"Pierre Trudeau." Pierre Trudeau. Access Web Company, 2012. Web. 10 Dec. 2012.
"Pierre Trudeau Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, 2012. Web. 10 Dec. 2012.
"The Real Pierre Trudeau." Lifesitenews.com. Lifesitenewws.com, 1997. Web. 10 Dec. 2012. <http://www.lifesitenews.com/news/archive//ldn/2000/oct/001003a>.
Simpson, Jeffrey. "Canada Roused by Military Plan." Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists . Chicago: Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science, 1987. N. pag. Print.
Whitaker, Reg. "Pierre Elliott Trudeau." Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. The Historica Foundation, 2012. Web. 05 Dec. 2012.
Wikipedia contributors. "Pierre Trudeau." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 6 Dec. 2012. Web. 10 Dec. 2012. didn't anything about the US but focused rather on Canada's interest. Titled Foreign Policy for Canadians, and recommended that foreign policy be related to five main subjects:
1. Economic growth
2. Social justice
3. Quality of life
4. Sovereignty and independence, peace and security
5. Harmonious natural environment. • designed to 'starve' the arms race from the things it needed to continue, or 'suffocate'. created by Trudeau in 1977
•This included a comprehensive test ban, a ban on the flight testing of new strategic missiles, a stop to the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons, and reductions in defense spending.
• wanted to scale down canadas participation in the nuclear arms race to ease cold war tensions
•visited other countries in the East and west to persuade them to dicrease their nuclear arms as well; awarded albert Einstein Peace Prize. A Introduced on October 8, 1971
First of its kind Worldwide
Government of Canada & all federal businesses must be avid in these practices
Eliminated all forms of racial discrimination
businesses: sensitive and aware of cultural differences in the workplace The Multiculturalism Policy In Quebec
-Suspended civil rights by activating the War Measures Act
-Suspended normal legal process
-Many innocent people arrested
-Police were careless World peace
-Played a major role in mediating the disputes about south Africa at the Singapore (UN) conference in 1971
-Was awarded the Albert Einstein Peace Prize for his efforts towards world peace
-Tried to mediate between the North and South in the cold war A Activist for gay rights
“The state has no business in the bedrooms of the nation.”
Created the Charter of Rights and Freedoms
protects individual rights by preventing discriminatory laws
transferred power from elected officials to the courts.
seen as undemocratic to some October 18, 1919 to September 28, 2000 Grade: A+ Grade: B+ •Missiles were Removed from Canada’s NATO forces in Europe
•Cut national defense budget
•Trudeau believed that Canada’s economic growth was a bigger priority than national security.
Bomarc missiles accepted by Pearson in 1963 were removed. Last nuclear war heads removed from Canada in 1984
•During the 1970s tensions eased between US and USSR; they signed the SALT (strategic arms limitation treaty) Criteria Grade Character
Human Rights Overall Grade: A A+ Grade: A Grade: A