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The epidemiology of Vitamin D Deficiency Among Females in the city of Jerusalem
Transcript of The epidemiology of Vitamin D Deficiency Among Females in the city of Jerusalem
Firas Basha Sahar Alkadi
Dr. Amira Shaheen
Conclusions and recommendations
- fat-soluble vitamin
25(OH)D is the best indicator
< 10 ng/mL
Vitamin D deficiency = Pandemic
major public health problem
The Middle East registers some of the lowest levels of vitamin D worldwide
Increasing reports by the GPs in their outpatient clinics in Jerusalem
No publications is available in Palestine/Jerusalem
To estimate the
To investigate the association between participants’
To implement new public health strategies in Palestine toward the prevention of vitamin D deficiency.
To raise public awareness of the importance of getting adequate sun exposure in early life.
a cross-sectional study during the period of October, 2013 – February, 2014.
Female population living in Jerusalem.
Study Sample Size
The inclusion criteria :
patients of a female gender of different age
groups, living in Jerusalem city.
The exclusion criteria :
Not resident of Jerusalem or new arrival
Not having the will to participate.
Taking vitamin D or multivitamins.
Pathology affecting vitamin D levels
Pregnancy and lactation
3 central medical labs
referral by the Kupat Hulim doctors to check for vitamin D levels
short face to face interview
oral intake of vitamin D rich food
sun exposure detailed information
Blood samples were withdrawn by the lab technicians \\ commercial kit Liaison 25(OH)D Assay
SPSS version 21.0
Demographic characters of the study population
High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency
Demographic variance was evident
Young > Elderly
Cultural and religious behaviors
Multi-variable contribute to vitamin D low levels
Multi factorial preventive measures
To prevent an increase in incidence
City of Jerusalem
To study the distribution of Vitamin D deficiency and to examine the associated risk factors among the female population in Jerusalem.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2011
Multivariate analysis for the vitamin D deficiency risk factors
And Vitamin D
oral intake of
vitamin D through
vitamin D rich food
myoclinic, institute of medicine