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Judaism, Christianity and Islam

Monotheism rules!

Christy Davis

on 28 November 2017

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Transcript of Judaism, Christianity and Islam

In the beginning...
That's me.
...there was God.
Three thousand years ago, He revealed His truth to Abraham, who became the father of a great nation of people. They became the Jewish People and followed the Ten Commandments, just as God revealed them to Moses.
Then, God sent His word through Jesus Christ, who became the leader of the Christians. Christianity became a religion in about 300 CE, although Christ's disciples had followed his teachings since his death 300 years earlier.
Key Facts about Judaism
Country of Origin: Israel
Language: Hebrew
Followers are called: Jewish
Place of Worship: Synagogue
Holy Book: Torah
Name for God: YHWH
Main Belief: Someday a Messiah will come to bring peace to the Holy Land
Key facts about Christianity
Name for God: God
Country of Origin: Israel
Language: Latin
Followers are called: Christians
Place of Worship: Church
Holy Book: Bible
Main Belief: Jesus Christ is the Son of God
That's me.
...but people messed it up, so He had to try again.
And so then, around the year 600, God sends His word to His people again, this time through the Prophet Mohammed. This group, the Muslims, grew quickly through the Middle East and Central Asia.
Key Facts about Islam
Name for God: Allah
Country of Origin: Saudi Arabia
Language: Arabic
Followers are called: Muslims
Place of Worship: Mosque
Holy Book: Qur'an
Main Belief: There is only one God, Allah, and Mohammed is His prophet.
...but people messed it up.
Good grief.
Some people weren't really excited to hear what the Prophet was saying, so many people wanted to kill him. In 622, he and his family had to flee from Mecca to the nearby city of Medina. This is known as the Hajj.
Quit being mean to my prophets! Jeepers!
After the Prophet died in 632, Islam experienced a serious split.
The Shi'a
The Prophet's cousin, Ali, continued preaching after Mohammed died.
Today, Ayatollahs carry on the work the Prophet started.
The Sunni
After the Prophet died, power shifted to Abu Bakr, who served as the first of the Four Rightly Guided Caliphs.
Today, the Sunni is the largest division of Islam.
But wait! There's more!
Meet the Sufi
In the late 600s, Sunni leadership murdered Ali and his son.

And thus...
the split.
The Sufi are Muslims
They're mystics, not included in the Sunni/Shi'a division
They believe you can get to know God right now, through "solitude within society"
The Sufi traveled in Central Asia and spread the word of Islam
Christianity later broke into different groups.
...and some even get along.
And God is still here, just being understood in lots of different ways.

All three of these are monotheistic.
All three recognize Abraham as the father of their faith.
And all three have shaped history.
= one
= God
Salmon is for groups that are Jewish sects. They may have Christian aspects but they are not yet meaningfully Christian and are in some sense fundamentally Jewish or Samaritan.
Light Blue are proto-Christianities.
Yellow are full blown alternate Christianities, from ancient times. "Gnosticism" used in the religious sense.
Purple is for groups that I can meaningfully call Catholic, western or eastern rite.
Pink groups that broke away Catholicism. Sects that I would agree are "schismatic".
Dark Olive Green non-Christian religions.
Yellow-Green is for non-Christian groups with strong Christian influence.
Muddy Pink I'm using for Hermetic Christianity.
Dark-Brown for proto-Protestantism
Red-Brown for Protestantism
Magenta for the non-creedal sects of the Radical Reformation and their descendants
If you're curious about the chart...
Full transcript