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Hyperbole & Oxymoron & Personification

Includes definitions, modern text, and Shakespearean text examples for each Literary Tool.
by

Alisha Adams

on 14 September 2015

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Transcript of Hyperbole & Oxymoron & Personification

Why would a person use figurative language rather than literal language?(Think of why you use hyperbole in your regular speech.)
Hyperbole
You're already a professional at this and you didn't even know it!
Thursday
September 2, 2014
You will be watching a video when the bell rings and then answering one (1) OR two (2) of the following:
How can I tell my girlfriend I am moving away and might not see her again?
Why so serious?
What is the best sleeping position?
How do I overcome my fear of heights?
How do I stop saying "yolo", "bae", "swag", etc.?
Define Hyperbole
Extravagant exaggeration for emphasis or effect.
Extra is a prefix meaning "beyond"
An exaggeration goes "beyond" the normal...basically hyperbole is an out-of-this-world description.
Examples:
My backpack is as heavy as an ox.
Right before lunch, "I'm starving."
My Akita dog is practically a horse.
As you watch the following clip write down
as many
hyperbolic exaggerations you hear that are
NOT
meant to be taken literally.
What are some of your favorite hyperboles from the clip?
Examples in Shakespeare
Record 2 examples of Hyperbole from the ORIGINAL TEXT in your "Examples from Shakespeare" section.
Let's set the stage...
Benvolio Montague, Romeo's cousin, wants to go home because he is sure the Capulets, the enemy of the Montagues, will be out soon and he doesn’t want to get involved in a fight. Mercutio, a friend of Montagues - but not related, attempts to distract him by teasing him.

Although the two friends are insulting each other, it is similar to two guys telling each other “Your Mama…” jokes.

However, the Capulets show up and so Mercutio’s playful teasing becomes serious as he tries to provoke Tybalt Capuletto fight him. Tybalt is holding out for Romeo to show up.
On your index card:
Name, Date, Period across the top red line.

Write your own hyperbole. Complete the phrases below using the figurative language of hyperbole.
1. I went to bed so late last night…
2. I loathe ____________________ so much, I’d…
3. He is so funny…
4. Our football team is so good…
5. (Spot for Completely Original Hyperbole)

Oxymoron
How opposites attract and make good writing.
Define Oxymoron
industrial park
open secret   
sight unseen 
light heavyweight   
original copy 
final draft   
random order 
freezer burn   
negative growth 
build-down 
mobile home 
fresh frozen 
deliberate speed   
recorded live   
one-man band 
old boy
Great Depression
free trade
sweet tart
crash landing
butt head
sweet sorrow
student teacher
silent scream
taped live
good grief
tight slacks
living dead
near miss
light tanks
old news
hot chilli
criminal justice
peace force
Jumbo shrimp
Same difference
a deafening silence
“start stopping”
resident alien

small crowd
silent alarm
mercy killing
friendly fire
holy war
plastic glass
black light
act naturally
constant change
A few more "modern" examples...
The Purpose of Oxymoron?
Let's analyze an example from Shakespeare....
Let's Set the scene
Romeo & Juliet
Act 3 scene 2 lines 79-91
The Nurse (Juliet's nanny/best friend) appears and informs Juliet that there has been a fight between Tybalt, her cousin, and Romeo, her secret-husband. However, the Nurse is so upset that she causes confusion and Juliet is unsure whether Tybalt or Romeo or both have died. Once she discovers that Tybalt is dead by Romeo’s hand, and that Romeo is now banished, she becomes distraught. She is conflicted because she loves Romeo and her cousin Tybalt. However, she should hate Romeo for killing her cousin. Juliet begins to talk herself through her feelings of confusion.
O serpent heart, hid with a flowering face!
Did ever dragon keep so fair a cave?
Beautiful tyrant! fiend angelical!
Dove-feather'd raven! wolvish-ravening lamb!
Despised substance of divinest show!
Just opposite to what thou justly seem'st,
A damned saint, an honourable villain!
O nature, what hadst thou to do in hell,
When thou didst bower the spirit of a fiend
In moral paradise of such sweet flesh?
Was ever book containing such vile matter
So fairly bound? O that deceit should dwell
In such a gorgeous palace!
Act III (3) scene ii (2) lines 79-91
Write down at least 2 in your
Shakespearean examples section.
Check your work. Did you get them
all
?
O
serpent heart, hid with a flowering face
(1)!
Did ever dragon keep so fair a cave
(2)?
Beautiful tyrant
(3)!
fiend angelica
l(4)!
Dove-feather'd raven
(5)!
wolvish-ravening lamb
(6)!
Despised substance of divinest show
(7)!
Just opposite to what thou justly seem'st,
A damned saint
(8),
an honourable villain
(9)!
O nature, what hadst thou to do in hell,
When thou didst bower the spirit of a fiend
In moral paradise of such sweet flesh
(10)?
Was ever book containing such vile matter
So fairly bound
(11)?
O that deceit should dwell
In such a gorgeous palace
(12)!
What is the purpose of including so many oxymora?
What qualities or ideas is he trying to emphasize to the reader?
Why would Shakespeare want to create confusion in this moment of the play?
O serpent heart, hid with a flowering face(1)!
Did ever dragon keep so fair a cave(2)?
Beautiful tyrant(3)! fiend angelical(4)!
Dove-feather'd raven(5)! wolvish-ravening lamb(6)!
Despised substance of divinest show(7)!
Just opposite to what thou justly seem'st,
A damned saint(8), an honourable villain(9)!
O nature, what hadst thou to do in hell,
When thou didst bower the spirit of a fiend
In moral paradise of such sweet flesh(10)?
Was ever book containing such vile matter
So fairly bound(11)? O that deceit should dwell
In such a gorgeous palace(12)!
Friday
September 4, 2015

Think about and comment on/discuss (in writing) the following quote:
"Life is what happens when you put down your phone."
Kid President says, "How can we really be present?" Technology is amazing. We humans are more connected than ever, but sometimes it can disconnect us from all the people we love most. One big step to being awesome is remembering to treat the people right in front of you awesome.
Maybe there's something getting in the way for you. And it's not just phones. There were times when our family was so busy taking photos and filming our adventures that we forgot to actually enjoy them. We had to rethink all the stuff that was getting in the way of us really enjoying and experiencing our time together...We realized there are lots of really cool moments that happened along our journey that aren't documented with a photo. It kind of made us happy. It's somehow actually cooler that we got to be fully part of those moments together. It's like they only exist in what I call "brain pictures".
Write down as many examples as you can from the video in your "Examples from Modern Texts" section.
Personification
Finding the humanity within EVERYTHING!
Personification is giving human characteristics to everyday ideas, objects, and animals by making them think, feel, or act like humans.
Define Personification:
Examples:
The stars smiled down on me as I lay gazing up at them.
Death stole my grandmother away like a thief in the night.
The door groaned as if it hadn’t been exercised in ages.
The football sat lonely in the corner.
Personification OR Not?
Write down the examples that
ARE
personification
into your Examples from Modern Texts.
Her silky hair moved with the breeze

My shower is jealous because it thinks I like my bed better in the morning

The knot on Jan’s leg looked like a golf ball

My computer growled at me when I hit the wrong button

The chair stood straight like a soldier on guard by the door

Carrying my book bag was like dragging around a 10 pound sack of flour

Michael was the alpha dog of his group

Hot flames from the fire licked my hands as I put on another log

Under Sarah’s bed, there were more dust bunnies than boxes and dirty clothes

The fiery red vase screamed to be recognized in the all white room
Emily Dickinson's "The Sky is Low"
THE sky is low, the clouds are mean,
A travelling flake of snow
Across a barn or through a rut
Debates if it will go. 

A narrow wind complains all day
How some one treated him;
Nature, like us, is sometimes caught
Without her diadem.

+Identify the uses of personification.

+What mood do these uses convey?

+How does Dickinson intensify the image of an unpleasant day by using personification? (In other words, why doesn’t Dickinson just say: The sky is gray, the clouds are dark. It isn’t exactly snowing yet but it is getting pretty cold.)

+What is nature being compared to?
Jimi Hendrix - The Wind Cries Mary
After all the jacks are in their boxes,
And the clowns have all gone to bed,
You can hear happiness staggering on down the street,
Footprints dress in red.
And the wind whispers Mary.
A broom is drearily sweeping
Up the broken pieces of yesterday's life.
Somewhere a Queen is weeping,
Somewhere a King has no wife.
And the wind cries Mary.
The traffic lights turn blue tomorrow
Shine their emptiness down on my bed
The tiny island sags downstream
'Cos the life that they lived is dead.
And the wind screams Mary.
Oh oh yeah
Will the wind ever remember
The names it has blown in the past
With this crutch, its old age and its wisdom
It whispers, "No, this will be the last."
And the wind cries Mary.
Find and write down as many examples of Personification as you can.

What is the poet trying to say?

Why would he choose to do this with Personification instead of just coming out and saying it?
William Shakespeare's Sonnet 116
Who are the characters in the poem?
What kind of personalities do they have?
How does this portray theme?
Mustang Minute
Items Needed
1. Writing utensil
2. Week 3 Mustang Minutes
3. Super Grammar Notes
4. Figurative Language Notes
5. Cellphone
Let's examine some "modern" examples:
Comedians use hyperbole all the time for effect—they want to be funny so they exaggerate everyday life.
Why do we use Hyperbole? What other reasons would people have for using hyperbole in writing and speech?
Romeo & Juliet
- Act 3 scene 1 lines 1-50 -
The Brawl
The Purpose of Hyperbole
The purpose of hyperbole is to create a larger-than-life effect and overly stress a specific point. In our daily conversation, we use hyperbole to emphasize for an amusing effect.
Why would Shakespeare use hyperbole in his plays?What benefit does it have for his writing?
In literature hyperbole has very serious implications. By using hyperbole, a writer or a poet makes common human feelings remarkable and intense to such an extent that they do not remain ordinary. In literature, usage of hyperbole develops contrasts. When one thing is described with an over-statement and the other thing is presented normally, a striking contrast is developed. This technique is employed to catch the reader’s attention.
Plural oxymora
A figure of speech in which two seemingly opposite/contradictory words/ideas are joined to create an effect.
Give advice one (1) OR two (2) of the following:
How can I tell my girlfriend I am moving away and might not see her again?
Why so serious?
What is the best sleeping position?
How do I overcome my fear of heights?
How do I stop saying "yolo", "bae", "swag", etc.?
Most oxymoron phrases are created by combining an
adjective
followed by a
noun
with contrasting meanings.

cruel

kindness


living

death
”.
However, the contrasting words/phrases are not always glued together and may be spaced out in a sentence.
“In order to lead, you must walk behind.”
"To make haste slowly."
MUSTANG MINUTE
Items Needed
1. Writing utensil
2. Week 3 Mustang Minutes
3. Super Grammar Notes
4. Figurative Language Notes
5. Cellphone
In everyday conversation, however, people do not use oxymoron to make some deep statement like the one mentioned above. Instead, they do it to show wit. The use of oxymoron adds flavor to their speech.
Oxymoron produces a dramatic effect in both prose as well as poetry.
For instance, when we read or hear the famous oxymoron, “sweet sorrow”, crafted by Shakespeare, it appeals to us instantly.
It provokes our thoughts and makes us ponder on the meaning of contradicting ideas.
This apparently confusing phrase expresses a complex nature of love that could never be expressed through any other simple expression.
Tuesday
September 8, 2015
Items Needed
1. Writing utensil
2. Week 3 MMS
3. NEW MMs
Label it:
Term 1 Week 4
Due:
Mon Sept 14th
4. Super Grammar Notes
5. Figurative Language Notes
6. Cellphone
Mustang Minute
Valentine by Carol Ann Duffy
Not a red rose or a satin heart.

I give you an onion.
It is a moon wrapped in brown paper.
It promises light
like the careful undressing of love.

Here.
It will blind you with tears
like a lover.
It will make your reflection
a wobbling photo of grief.

I am trying to be truthful.

Not a cute card or a kissogram.

I give you an onion.
Its fierce kiss will stay on your lips,
possessive and faithful
as we are,
for as long as we are.

Take it.
Its platinum loops shrink to a wedding-ring,
if you like.

Lethal.
Its scent will cling to your fingers,
cling to your knife.
Read and analyze the poem.
Not sure how? Think about the following:
What does the title mean?
Try putting it into your own words.
What do you think the poem means?
What types of literary devices are used? (hyperbole, oxymoron, etc.)
What is the theme of the poem?
Personification is not merely a decorative device but it serves the purpose of giving deeper meanings to literary texts.
It adds vividness to expressions as we always look at the world from a human perspective.
Writers and poets rely on personification to bring inanimate things to life, so that their nature and actions are understood in a better way.
Because it is easier for us to relate to something that is human or that possesses human traits its use encourages us to develop a perspective that is new as well as creative.
Purpose of Personification
Full transcript