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Technology in Sport

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JANET REILLY

on 11 October 2017

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Transcript of Technology in Sport

Technology in Sport

Where Technology in Sports Has Been Unsuccessful
Where Technology in Sports Has Been Successful
Why Do We Need Technology (Advances) in Sport?
-
Eliminate human error
- Ethical dilemmas (i.e. betting)
- Close 50/50 decisions can decide careers
- Broadcasting - sharing experiences with the world
- Improve injury prevention
- Performance analysis
- Improve sport performance & efficiency
Future for Technology in Sport:
- Continual advancement (trial and error)
- Positive and negative advancements
- More forensic and meticulous review systems
- Further training for officials
- Enhanced equipment design
- Cheating: New, discrete methods
- New testing methods to catch drug takers
- AFL (sensors in goal-posts?)
- Virtual sport?! - Movie: 'Gamer'- less people playing the sport?


Those Against the the Technology
Marat Safin (Not wanting hawk eye within the game)
Class Activity - You Be The Judge!
Did the ball hit the post? Goal or Point?
- Allowing people to participate and compete (disabilities and prosthetic limbs)
- Injury prevention and rehabilitation (equipment design)
- Biomechanical analysis (DARTFISH™ ) and sharing experiences (GOPRO™ ).
- Public entertainment/viewer experience (Slow motion replays)
- Sport-related examples: AFL, cricket, tennis. etc.) [Videos]
Hyperbaric chambers

Ethical Dilemmas
- Drugs/Cheating - Victory-driven and doing 'whatever it takes' - some drugs can be disguised/undetected
- Should any athlete have the ability to challenge a decision made by a referee? (Respect)
- Controversial Swimming Attire
- Oscar 'Blade Runner' Pistorious - motor racing advantage if better equipment?

In or Out?
Who Are You Backing?
- Sport-specific examples (Goal line tech- slow to be introduced- only in top leagues)
- Inconclusive footage- different angles etc
- Doping, drugs - not all athletes tested- random only
-

Roger Federer was also critical. "What is happening is madness...a pure waste of money, he said. I hope I play on an outside court so I don’t have to face it".
In a separate presentation describe the effect that technology has on a selected sport (P3)
M3 –
within
the report explain (say how, why and use current examples) the effect that technology has on a selected sport

Examples of technological developments

How equipment has changed to improve performance

To be able to give specific examples of developments

Technological developments

Video cameras:
Recording a performer/performance on video can help give feedback to the performer. Different aspects of the game/performer can be frozen, played at slow motion, replayed over & over to analyse etc…

Heart rate monitors:

These give instant feedback on the
intensity of the exercise.
Helps plan the training programme

Facilities:
Current trend is to build facilities for a certain sport.
Facilities now have the correct playing surfaces, safety areas and all weather pitches
eg.Manchester velodrome, used for track cycling and will hopefully improve National standards .

In football there are a variety of different ground conditions and artificial pitches such as astro, muga that players can train on - allowing all year play- this compares to years ago when grass was the only option. Grass pitches, especially at high level clubs are layered specifically and allow drainage- this ensures they are safer & players are less likely to slip over.
Materials:
Clothing has developed to enhance performance:
Body suits for swimming
Suit designs for sprinters and throwers
It is claimed that Lycra material can improve performance by as much as 12% (add refs)
Development of Climacool /Climalite, Dri- fit materials have ensured that the athlete stays at the right temperature doing sport- sweat is transferred to the upper surface of the tops where it evaporates- wet clothing dries quickly ,and the material is flexible,lightweight and allows the performer to move freely and therefore achieve maximum performance.Sensors can be inserted into the garments to provide accurate feedback of the players physiology - his temperature,work rate,heart and respiratory rate.- this can help in team selection.This clothing is often skin tight and also prevents opponents from grabbing hold of them and slowing them down.
Footwear has developed and there are boots that can grip better and allow better performance ,more power and better control- these can cost a great deal and can be specially made for individual players so they fit perfectly and are comfortable.

ICT/cameras
Replays- freeze frame- analysis & preparation for games and player improvement
Video assistance - possibly being brought into football (top games/premiership) to clarify decisions - confirm with the referee.
positives/negatives?

Websites: educational/educational- provide up to date information on the sport/activity, results, training methods, and new innovations.


CD ROMS- help with training and coaching skills of the game

Computer links – training sessions can be recorded via video then played back on a laptop.

Teaching and training aids:

Studies and developments are being made all the time to improve the
teaching and coaching aids in sport.
These combine the skills of design, science, engineering, sport and safety.
In terms of training there specialist machines which can help and players can be monitored and assessed to aid their fitness. and health.

Technological developments in equipment:

Cycling: Track bikes have no gears or brakes
Bikes are made up of aluminium or carbon fibre
Frame design is more aerodynamic and faster
Wheels are flatter and more aerodynamic.

Football posts- lightweight,movable - cheaper -sturdy. Balls - stitched/synthetic - now thermally bonded - cheaper/easier to make. Goal line technology - Premiership only- lots of positives (any negatives?) - describe & explain

Tennis :Racket design improved -graphite or carbon fibre –lightweight & powerful
Play became too quick and serve dominated, so bigger, slower tennis balls were introduced.
Cyclops machine introduced to check service in area

By identifying different aspects of a sport scientists use their expertise to advance the activity in some way.

Advancements are limited by the rules laid out by the sports governing bodies

Technological developments

Your tasks:

P3 - In a separate presentation describe the effect that technology has on a selected sport


M3 – Write a supporting report that explains (say how, why and use current examples)
the effect that technology has on a selected sport

Technological developments in equipment:

Cycling:
Track bikes have no gears or brakes
Bikes are made up of aluminium or carbon fibre
Frame design is more aerodynamic and faster
Wheels are flatter and more aerodynamic.


Tennis :
-Racket design improved -graphite or carbon fibre –lightweight & powerful -Play became too quick
and serve dominated, so bigger, slower tennis balls were introduced.
Cyclops machine introduced to check service in area

Materials:
Clothing has developed to enhance performance:
Body suits for swimming
Suit designs for sprinters and throwers
It is claimed that Lycra material can improve performance by as much as 12% (needs a ref)

Many players now wear tight fitting clothing which prevents opponents from grabbing their shirts- therefore being at an advantage as cannot be slowed down. this tight clothing can also have
sensors
in it (Top level clubs only ) Sensor clothing can be used to monitor physiological state - improve fitness further and reflect work ethic to managers- team selection ?

Climalite/Climacool materials- enhanced performances- light ,flexible materials - take sweat away from the body & evaporates quickly- hence keeping athletes at the right temperature. Dri-fit clothing is similar and helps the athlete to stay dry and comfortable when playing (you will need to add examples).

Facilities:
Current trend is to build facilities for a certain sport.
Facilities now have the correct playing surfaces, safety areas, all weather pitches
Eg.Manchester velodrome, used for track cycling and will hopefully improve National standards

Teaching and training aids:

Studies and developments are being made all the time to improve the teaching and coaching aids in sport.
These combine the skills of design, science, engineering, sport and safety.

Video cameras:
Recording a performer/performance on video can help give feedback to the performer. Different aspects of the game/performer
can be frozen, played at slow motion, replayed over & over to analyse etc…

Heart rate monitors:

These give instant feedback on the
intensity of the exercise.
Helps plan the training programme

Video cameras:
Recording a performer/performance on video can help give feedback to the performer. Different aspects of the game/performer can be frozen, played at slow motion, replayed over & over to analyse etc…

Heart rate monitors:

These give instant feedback on the
intensity of the exercise.
Helps plan the training programme

ICT:

Websites: provide up to date information on the sport/activity, results, training methods, and new innovations.

CD ROMS- help with training and coaching skills of the game

Computer links – training sessions can be recorded via video then played back on a laptop.


Guidelines - Technology:

clothing; personal equipment;
cameras eg replay, freeze frame;
analysis eg drug testing equipment, video analysis, computer game applications
lactate threshold training, blood lactate testing, hyperbaric chambers, internet linked data transfer from personal products, computer/video analysis
M
Most recently they're considering using it in football - many against the idea as it "slows the game down". What do you think?
DATA
Drug testing technology: Developed over the years to catch cheating athletes out - random urine tests . This technology has helped to make sport safe and fair.
Currently, however, the technology is so good that they are finding ways to disguise drug tests and hide chemicals - positive/negatives of the testing.
Also able to test lactate threshold & blood lactate - to help train more efficiently
Hyperbaric chambers - excellent new technology to help train athletes up to get the most out of their performance
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