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Language and Identity

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Michael Manhart

on 19 December 2017

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Transcript of Language and Identity

Language and Identity
Language and Identity...
How could we categorize this?
Identity of the group
ethnic, religious, national, gender, ...
Identity of the individual
dialect / non dialect
language and power
Edgar Schneider's dynamic model - let us try to walk through this model now... (an abridged version - as it would be a bit complex for our purpose I missed out the sociolinguistic conditions and the linguistic effects)
Phase 1: Foundation
Sociopolitical background
English brought in by settlers
Used in a non-English-speaking country
Identity constructions
settlers and indigenous residents see themselves distinct from each other
settlers feel that they are still part of their home country - their stay is temporary
indigenous residents see themselves as rightful owners
Phase 2: Exonormative stabilization
Sociopolitical background
settlers communities stabilize
English is regularly spoken and established as language of administration, education and legislation
Indigenous residents seek to expand contact with the settlers (in order to secure their status)
Identity constructions
Identity of settlers and indigenous residents undergoes a slight shift
Mixed marriages
Segregational elitism occurs
Phase 3: Nativization
Sociopolitical background
Settler's ties with their homecountry weakens
Colonized land strives towards independence
Identity constructions
Gap settlers // indigenous residents is reduced
Both groups regard themselves as belonging to the territory
Phase 4: Endonormative stabilazation
Sociopolitical background:
Stage of cultural self-reliance
Identity constructions
members of settlers see themselves as part of the new nation
Ethnic boundaries redefined for the indigenous residents
time of nation-building
Phase 5: Endonormative stabilazation
Sociopolitical background:
Established nation
State of stability, free from external threat
Room for internal differentiation
Identity constructions
Citizens feel no need to define themselves as single entitiy
define themselves as members of smaller groups (ethnic, gender, city, ...)
some videos which try to
make different accents visible
- should be seen as entertaining attempts ;-)
Now let us try to focus on our language identity:

Let us find one sentence and everybody tries to say this one sentence in standard, dialect, between friends, to the authority, ... (emotion walk)
Let us try to write a short text about Christmas together (I eMail this text to you).
At home, you record this text in your local dialect, and please proceed like this:
say your name (first name only)
say where you life (State, County, City (village))
speak the text in your local dialect (as you would speak it in your family)
place it on the zeemap -
Additions - add marker (detailed)
Key (password): xmas
and upload the audiofile.
Interesting Prezi for a bit more info on this: http://prezi.com/j6c4knbzagwx/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy&rc=ex0share
Full transcript