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Leadership Theories

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Laura Nevenner

on 6 May 2014

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Transcript of Leadership Theories

Transformational Leadership
Transformational leadership theory is based on a committed relationship between the leader and followers. The transformational leadership style focuses on team-building, motivation, and collaboration with faculty and staff at various levels throughout the school or district to accomplish change for the better (Ingram, 2014). There are four basic elements that underline transformational leadership:
Idealized Influence
Inspirational Motivation
Intellectual Stimulation
Individualized Consideration
Transformational leadership is also empowering to the rest of the team, and transformational leaders can help provide the team with a sense of ownership, pride, and a sense of the vision and mission of the organization as they strive to achieve goals.
Transactional Leadership
Transactional leadership is a leadership theory that uses set requirements (such as performance goals in education) and and gives rewards, recognition, or consequences for those who reach or do not reach the requirements. Transactional leaders are often effective when achieving performance goals because they use these goals as the main focus (Henk, 2010). Transformational leaders need to have effective communication skills to share set expectations and to learn what motivates the staff (or students).
School leaders use different management styles, theories, and motivational strategies to improve teacher and student performance or affect change within the school system. Two effective leadership theories, transformational leadership and transactional leadership are compared and contrasted in this following presentation. Also discussed are the key points and effective classroom uses for each theory.
Leadership Theories
Cassandra Doescher, Laura Nevenner
May 12, 2014
Lucille Lang

School Uses
Educational leaders may use transformational leadership to:
Promote the acceptance of school-reform initiatives
Promote educational accountability
Getting followers to put said their self-interests for the good of the team
Classroom Uses
Educational leaders may use transactional leadership to:
Promote the use of initiatives to achieve desired outcomes
Promote educational success by achieving performance goals
Educational leaders use different management styles, theories, and motivational strategies to improve teacher and student performance. Transformational leadership and transactional leadership are two effective leadership theories. Understanding the key points and how to effectively use these theories in the classroom will help educators become successful teacher leaders.
Leadership is proactive and forms new expectations in followers

Leaders inspire followers through emotions

Leaders provide individualized consideration, intellectual stimulation and idealized influence to their followers

Leaders create professional development opportunities for their teams

Leaders motivate followers to work for goals that go beyond self-interest.

Leaders use the link between effort and reward

Responsive and deals with present issues

Ues on standard forms of inducement, reward, punishment and sanction to control followers

Followers are motivated by leaders setting goals and promising rewards for desired performance

Leadership depends on the leader’s power to reinforce subordinates for their successful completion of the bargain.
Henk, Merrilee. (2010). Empowering Change in Education.
Retrieved from http://www.weteachwelearn.org/2010/01/

Ingram, D. (2014). Houston chronicle. Retrieved from http://
-leadership- vs-transactional-leadership-definition-13834.html
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