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The technology debate : Utopias and dystopias of technology in education

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Michelle Capes

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of The technology debate : Utopias and dystopias of technology in education

Utopias and dystopias of technology in education The technology debate Challenging The Present Traditional education Technology is increasingly being used within education to enhance the educational experience.
But is it all as simple as it seems? At the BETT conference in London in February 2013, Professor Brian Cox was asked what technology he would have in the classroom if given the option. He answered that he would remove all the technology and reinstate blackboards and chalk. This response garnered much applause from the teachers at the conference, and distain from the exhibitors. Is technology good for education? http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/elearning/tele.aspx http://www.tes.co.uk/article.aspx?storycode=6167617 http://www.tes.co.uk/article.aspx?storycode=6070654 http://www.e-learningfoundation.com/ http://edudemic.com/2013/02/how-online-learning-is-being-used-to-enhance-education/ Students can ‘take it home’ with them and resources are provided for extra learning

Student engagement

New ways to teach such as Blended and Flipped approaches



Tracking and progress monitoring

Cover for absences and collaboration between staff - shared resources Advantages Resources Is technology bad for education? Requires a certain level of digital literacy.
Training required for all users

Non-traditional: Requires a change in the way of working for lecturers

The technology can be faulty, inadequate or buggy

Digital rights management and ownership



Difficulty of using (perceived or actual)

Users may be without technology at home (such as internet)

Privacy or monitoring concerns Disadvantages Resources http://clive-shepherd.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/why-is-e-learning-so-unpopular.html Training needs to be provided regularly to all users

Technology needs to be closely monitored to enable regular use

Availability for trialling alternative teaching methods needs to be provided

Not all lecturers will want to use, however the more advantages they can see in action, the better

Access to tech for students outside of class (drop-in areas, home tech loan provision)

Be honest and clear about what is being tracked and who content belongs to

Consultation with teaching staff on what would be most useful prior to any investment Are students really learning?

Do lecturers really know how to use it to their best advantage?

Do blended and flipped approaches really work? Is traditional best?

Are we falling into a trap of reliance on technology?

Is it just a waste of time and money? http://educationendowmentfoundation.org.uk/toolkit http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-21476385 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-20348322 http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/569/490 Traditional Blended Digital Teaching methods in traditional education Technology allows us to access a great deal of information, for free
Employers value knowledge and experience over qualifications
The idea of information being a closed book, only can be taught by teachers is fading
Traditional subjects still need to be taught
Students learn in different ways (personalisation)
Increasing digital literacy
Government wants a well educated citizenship (good for economy, standards of living etc)
Education is expensive. Digital will remove some of the costs.
Are traditional educational institutions at risk? Advantages of traditional education Gatekeepers (teachers) separate fact from fiction

Knowledge of what works is developed over time

Able to personalise responses

Understanding of student needs and progress

Engagement and understanding can be better monitored

Learning support can be provided to assist students

Students may prefer face-to-face approach Funding e-learning in traditional educational establishments The funding cycle Funding New facilities New students One of the major problems with e-learning in traditional environments is the cost involved. Let's look a bit at how the funding works and why e-learning is important to educational establishments. In the UK FE sector, funding is typically provided on a per-student basis, and students have choice of where they study Students come into the system and choose where to study.

Students generally choose places with good facilities. More students means more funding More funding means that institutions can afford new facilities The blended approach, the funding problem, the advantages...all show that e-learning is an important issue for traditional educational establishments. Tutor stands in front of class and gives lecture Tutor gives lecture supported by a VLE and technology Whole course delivered online How is traditional education affected by e-learning/digital education? Going forwards Facts versus method - As content can be found online easily, move from teaching people content to how to learn - Research skills and study skills

Needs - Basic needs become different, English, digital literacy, concepts before content

Assessment changes - Less about memory and more about the practicalities of how and why to do things, methods

Collaboration - Non-traditional teachers providing content - 'Web 2.0 teaching' - where content is provided by non-academic experts (business leaders or hobbyists etc), or even students of the course How will teaching evolve? http://www.economist.com/blogs/babbage/2012/01/future-teaching Resources http://mashable.com/2009/07/24/education-social-media/ http://mashable.com/2009/08/31/online-education-teachers/ http://www.ttf.edu.au/ http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2012/dec/10/innovation-in-education http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203400604578075080640810820.html Can state-funded educational needs be matched by free digital education from other providers?
What is the agenda of other providers (advertising, selling IP?)
Is a formal education needed at all? Information wants to be free. How is technology currently used in education? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_wants_to_be_free Thoughts for discussion
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