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EDF ENERGY

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by

Rupert Rink

on 15 November 2015

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Transcript of EDF ENERGY

EDF ENERGY
GROUP 2:
Rupert Rink, Elena Pereira, Derek Ip & Leshi Zhang
200 x 5MW ONSHORE WIND FARMS
1
Technological Process & Life Cycle
Cash Flow Analysis
Introduction
Financial Mechanisms & Sources
Risk & Risk Management
Conclusion
INTRODUCTION
2
Verdict:

Profitability

Strong Governmental Backing

Constant Supply of Electricity

Risk Management Strategies
CASH FLOW MODEL ANALYSIS
6
Compared Scenarios
KEY FIGURES COMPARISON
7
ONSHORE WIND
8
Cash Flow: End of Lifecycle Debt Repayment
Cash Flow: 15 Year Debt Repayment
NUCLEAR
9
Cash Flow: 18 Year Debt Repayment
BREAKEVEN ANALYSIS
10
RISK & RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES
14
Onshore Wind
Nuclear
FINANCIAL MECHANISMS & SOURCES
11
How we are financing the projects
INVESTOR RELATIONSHIP
ONSHORE WIND
12
INVESTOR RELATIONSHIP
NUCLEAR
13
1,600MW NUCLEAR PLANT
Liquidity Risk
Credit Risk
Operational Risk
Political & Regulatory Risk
Construction Risk
Load Factor
Market Risk
MOST PROFIT INFLUENCING RISK
Load Factor

Uncontrollable Risk
Inconsistent & Unstable

Fluctuating Load Factor
Fluctuating Net Profits
Transport Accidents
Natural Disasters
Radioactive Waste
Radiation &
Reactor Malfunctions
MOST PROFIT INFLUENCING RISK
Radiation & Reactor Malfunctions
Manageable Risk
RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGY
Extreme Hazards:
Earthquake resistance
Flooding resistance
Geographical separation

Cooling Capability:
Redundant safety systems
Multiple back-ups
On-site water reserves
Protected fuel pool
Evolutionary Power Reactor (EPR)
Environmental Damage Prevention:
Pressure control
Prevention of hydrogen detonation
Confinement of core melt
No long-term impact on the environment
TECHNICAL PROCESS
3
PROJECT LIFECYCLE
4
Onshore Wind:
Project Development
Environmental Impact Assessment
Technical Consultancies
Legal & Financial Approval
Project Management
Development
Transport & Logistics
Balance of Plant
Key Contracts
Grid Connections
Construction
Operations & Maintenance
Turbine Servicing

Site Maintenance
PROJECT LIFE CYCLE
5
Nuclear:
CGI of our proposed PWR Nuclear Plant venture
CONCLUSION
15
Verdict: NUCLEAR

Profitability

Strong Governmental Backing

Constant Supply of Electricity

Risk Management Strategies
EPR Management
Load Factor
REFERENCES
16
(EDF Energy 2014)
(EDF Energy 2014)
(YouTube 2014)
(MacDonald 2010)
Onshore Wind Turbine:
1. Turbine blade capture energy
2. Anemometer directs turbine
3. Blades attached to shaft
4. Rotor shaft spins gears within
the gearbox
5. Spinning gears generate
electricity within the generator
6. Generator uses magnetic fields
to convert rotational energy to
electrical energy

Nuclear:
1. Splitting of Uranium atoms in
the reactor
2. The "fission" heated water is kept
from boiling by the Pressurizer
3. Hot Water piped to a Stream
Generator, which boils water in
a second system, creating steam
4. Non-radioactive steam spins
turbines, which in turn drive the
generator to produce electricity
(MacDonald 2010)
(YouTube 2014)
Pre-licensing
Licensing
Public Enquiry
Fabrication &
Transportation
of Materials
Servicing &
Maintenance
(MacDonald 2010 & Assumptions)
(MacDonald 2010 & Assumptions)
(MacDonald 2010 & Assumptions)
(MacDonald 2010 & Assumptions)
(MacDonald 2010 & Assumptions)
(MacDonald 2010 & Assumptions)
(MacDonald 2010 &
Assumptions)
(MacDonald 2010 &
Assumptions)
(MacDonald 2010 &
Assumptions)
(Frontier Economics 2013)
NUCLEAR
Areva. 2009. The Path of Greatest Certainty.
Available:
http://www.epr-reactor.co.uk/ssmod/liblocal/docs/EPR%20Interactive/Brochures/300709_EPR_52pages.pdf
Last accessed 9th November 2014.

EDF Energy (2014). NNB Generation Company Limited Radioactive Substances Regulations Environment Permit Application for Hinkley Point C.
Available:
http://hinkleypoint.edfenergyconsultation.info/Environmental-Permit-applications/RSR-Submission/Pt2-Main-Sub/HPC-RSR-Permit-Chapter-1.pdf.
Last accessed 10th November 2014.

EDF Energy (2014). Nuclear power station locations.
Available:
http://www.edfenergy.com/energyfuture/edf-energys-approach-why-we-choose-new-nuclear/nuclear-power-locations.
Last accessed 10th November 2014.

Energy UK (2014). The energy market explained.
Available:
http://www.energy-uk.org.uk/energy-industry/the-energy-market.html.
Last accessed 10th November 2014.

Frontier Economics, 2013.International support for onshore wind, Frontier Economics

MacDonald (2010). UK Electricity Generation Costs Update, Mott MacDonald
(Avera 2009)
Full transcript