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History of Health Care in the Renaissance (1350-1650)
Transcript of History of Health Care in the Renaissance (1350-1650)
Other Scientists and Health Care Methods
History of Health Care in the Renaissance(1350-1650)
Humanism began- they valued a normal life and thought that people should get married, and have families, and focus on life and enjoy its pleasures
church was ultimate power and was strongly bonded with the gov
Reformation movement started and caused different branches of Christianity to form
people started to challenge the church: Copernicus, Galileo, Newton
The Renaissance Period:
rebirth of medical science
a cultural movement that began in Italy and spread throughout the rest of Europe
it also influenced literature, philosophy, art, music, politics, and religion
Church patronized many works of the Renaissance
broke away from the church with the invention of the printing press
translated major works, particularly the translation of the Bible
but they didn't separate themselves from church, and a lot of their art was religious
Michaelangelo and Da Vinci
Andreas Vesalius and Isaac Judaeus
William Harvey expanded his work and realized that blood is the basis of life and it is transported through veins and arteries
first European to describe the function of the cardiovascular system
"Christianismi Restitutio" ("Restoration of Christianity") contains description of the minor circulation of blood
considered that theology, medicine, philosophy were interrelated and it allowed men to understand the Universe as a whole
discovers that blood is pumped forward from the right ventricle towards the lungs for its oxygen and transfuses it to the left ventricle of the heart
also discovered that digestion causes your temperature to rise due to the digesting proteins that burns calories to go through the process
participated in Protestant Reformation and was burned at stake as a heretic
opened the door for other doctors to challenge and correct those theories and subsequently to bring about a new view of human anatomy and physiology
Girolamo Fabrizio identified the valves of the heart
Roger Bacon: contributed greatly to science by refining the way he conducted experiments, originating the “scientific method”
Surgery was practiced mostly by barbers, who used the same tools for both trades
Gabriele Falloppio described the female reproductive organs, giving his name to the Fallopian tubes
French surgeon, Ambroise Paré began to instill some order and translated Vesalius’s work to make the new anatomical knowledge available to the battlefield surgeons
founder of the origins of nephrology: contributed the concept of fluid and sediment seeping from blood into the kidney and from the kidney to the bladder
Bacon also used chemical remedies to treat diseases
wrote first book on diabetics and tracheotomy
for a tracheotomy, he advised a hook to grasp the skin in the neck
He was one of the first to study human anatomy along with Da Vinci.
He recognized that without understanding the anatomy of a human, it would be hard to paint/sculpt.
He dissected human cadaver
Between 1490 and 1495, he developed a habit of recording human anatomy studies.
He began researching the human body to ensure his artworks were as accurate as possible.
Between 1507 and 1513, he dissected more than 30 human corpses.
He is often referred to as the founder of human anatomy
He was chair of surgery and anatomy at Padua
He carried out dissections as the primary teaching tool, handling the actual work himself, and urging students
to perform dissections as well.