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The Louvre

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by

Gigi Marino

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of The Louvre

Paris, France and The Louvre
By: Gigi Marino and Melissa Metcalf

What isRenaissance Architecture Style?
Overall revival of certain Ancient Greek and Roman Characteristics
Symmetry of windows and doors
Extensive use of pilasters (flat rectangular columns) and classical columns
The use of triangular pediments
Many high arches, domes, and niches with embedded sculptures
Emphasizes geometry and proportion
History of The Louvre
First built in the 43 year reign of Philippe Auguste as a fortress to protect against Anglo-Norman threat
In 1364 The Louvre was transformed into royal living quarters for Charles V , and Charles VI.
After the death of Charles VI, the Louvre lay untouched until 1527 when François I moved to Paris
Parts of Medieval Louvre demolished to allow the rebirth of the Renaissance style palace
In 1546 medieval west wing destroyed and rebuilt in Renaissance style
Designed by Pierre Lescot and Jean Goujun
The uniform building faces now demonstrated the Parisian Renaissance style
Art Work
The Louvre wasn't open to the public until the 1700s, but contained many private royal galleries for the Kings and Queens living there
During the Renaissan, The Louvre contained numerous paintings by Leonardo Da Vinci and Raphael
These paintings had been stolen from Italy while France was in power there
Renaissance Architecture and The Louvre
Notice elements of Architecture style: Symmetrical windows, high arches, sculptures, pillars, Ionic style columns
History Continued
By the mid 16th century, The Louvre was a mixture of new Renaissance style buildings, half finished sections, and 200 year old sections in ruins.
Henri II's widow ordered the construction of the Tuileries Palace: residence to the west.

Designed by Philibert Delorme in 1564, only to be discontinued a few years later
Charles IX started building the Petite Galerie, the start of a connecting corridor from the Louvre to the Tuileries along the banks of the Seine
Between 1595 and 1610, the Construction of the Grande Galerie took place
Created a direct link between the 2 sides
Architecture
Hotel de Ville: Houses the cities local administration.
Pont de Notre Dame: Bridge that crosses the Seine river.
Notre-Dame Cathedral: Historic Catholic Cathedral
The Louvre: One of the world's largest and most famous museums, located on the bank of the Seine river.
Paris During the Renaissance
French Renaissance extends from the French Invasion of Italy to the death of Henry IV
The apex of the French Renaissance is considered under rule of
Francis I and his son King Henry II
Catherine Medici was the queen
French Renaissance was influenced from the Italian Renaissance.
Split between Protestants and Catholics.
Humanism
= major element developed during the French Renaissance, the belief in the power of men to shape their fate and control their destiny.
Major Events
Recovered most of its territory back from the English.
The signing of the Treaty of Étaples, which settled France's difference with England.
King Francis I implemented the use of the French language.
Economic Growth; enhanced by public works and military orders, which generated work for merchants, tax collectors and bankers, further boosting the economy.
Geography
Capital of France
Located in the North Central part of the country
Paris sits on a rich agriculture region known as Paris Basin, Paris Basin is France's most important center of commerce and culture.
Area of the city is 41 square miles by 890 square miles.
Music
Paris Conservatory = college of music and dance
Claude Debussy
and
Maurice Ravel
were two students of the Paris Conservatory, who contributed to symphonic music.
Paris became the prime center for ballet music.
Construction of the Grand Galerie
What is the Louvre?
Louvre means "palace" in french
Currently a Museum that houses some of the world's most famous works of art.
Located in Paris, France on the right bank of the Seine River.
Current state a product of Renaissance Architecture
Prominent architect: Pierre Lescot
Tulieries Palace
To elaborate....

Francis I
King Henry II
Seine River
Runs 485 miles long and rises 18 miles.
Flows in a northwesterly direction.
One of Europe's most historic rivers, carrying most of the French inland water way traffic.
The heart of metropolitan area of Paris connecting Paris as a whole.
Claude Debussy
Maurice Ravel
Famous art work there today
Houses over 35,000 masterpieces
The Mona Lisa by Da Vinci
The Venus De Milo (armless aphrodite)
The Dying Slave by Michelangelo
The Nike of Samothrace (Winged Victory)
The Raft of the Medusa by Théodore Géricault
Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix
To Sum up....
The Louvre, in Paris, France is an outstanding example of typical Renaissance style architecture
Mastermind architect Pierre Lescot, layed the foundation for later architects who would later finish the design
The Louvre still displays all of its beautiful Renaissance themed building faces
Paris Conservatory
Hotel de Ville
Pont De Notre Dame
Notre-Dame Cathedral
Hotel de Ville
Full transcript