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Assignment 2 - Analysis of 100m Sprint Start

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adam thorpe

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Assignment 2 - Analysis of 100m Sprint Start

A Biomechanical Analysis of a Sprint Start Focus on the body position of the athlete in the blocks variables that are demonstrated to be valid measures of important aspects of performance (O'Donoghue, 2009)
Choi et al., (2006) used statistical analysis of games to identify performance indicators between winning and losing sides
e.g. shots on goal/goals scored - gives a percentage of performance
mass of data required to test validity of performance indicators (O'Donoghue, 2010)
effective sprint starting depends primarily on the angles of the hip, knee and ankle (Baumann, 1979) References SD2210
Coaching Observation
& Analysis - Assignment 2
Adam Thorpe & Liam Woods The Sprint
Start a complex motor task characterized by large forces exerted in the horizontal direction and by the ability to generate these forces in a short time period (Fortier et al., 2005). Characteristics:
Allows fast block clearance but produces low velocity, because the athlete spends very little time producing force. Schiffer, 2009 Bunch, Medium, Elongated The Medium Start Front block approx. 53.5cm from starting
line, with approx. 40.5cm between blocks Characteristics:
allows the athlete to start with high velocity, because of extended time for applying force to the blocks. Schiffer, 2009 53.5cm 40.5cm The Elongated Start Front block approx. 53.5cm from starting
line, with approx. 66cm between blocks Characteristics:
Although it allows the greatest application of force, this start also requires tremendous strength and is therefore not advantageous for most athletes. Schiffer, 2009 53.5cm 66cm 3 Types of
Sprint Start The Bunch Start Front block approx 40.5cm from starting line, with approx 28cm between blocks 40.5 cm 28cm Key Performance Indicators Video
Footage Baumann, W., (1976), Kinematic and dynamic characteristics of the sprint start, In: P.V. Komi (ed.) Biomechanics, Baltmore: University Park Press, pp. 194-199

Borsov, V., (1979), ‘The Optimal Starting Position in Sprinting’, Soviet Sports Review, Vol. 14, pp. 173-174

Carr, G., (1999), Fundamentals of Track and Field, 2nd Edition, Champaign: Human Kinetics

Choi, Y., Gordon, J., Schweighofer, N., Qi, F., (2008), Performance-based adaptive schedules enhance motor learning. Journal of Motor Behavior, Vol. 40, pp. 273–280

Collins, P., (2009), Speed for Sport, Oxford: Meyer & Meyer Sport

Eikenberry, A., McAuliffe, J., Welsh, T.N., Zerpa, C., McPherson, M., Newhouse, I., (2008), Starting with the right foot minimises sprint start time, ACTA Psychologica, Vol. 172, No. 2, pp. 495-500

Fortier, S., Basset, F.A., Mbourou, G.A., Favérial, J., Teasdale, N., (2005), Starting Block Performance in Sprinters: A Statistical Method for Identifying Discriminative Parameters of the Performance and Analysis of the Effect of Providing Feedback Over a 6-Week Period, Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, Vol. 4, pp. 134-143

Gambetta, V., Winckler, G., Rogers, J., Orognen, J., Seagrave, L., Jollys, S., (1989), Sprints and relays, In: Gambetta, V., (1989), The Athletic’s Congress track and field coaching manual 2nd Edition, pp. 55-71. Champaign: Leisure Press

Harland, M.J., Steele, J.R., (1997), Biomechanics of the sprint start, Sports Medicine, Vol. 23, Vol. 1, pp. 11-20

Hertling, D., Kessler, R., (2006), Management of Common Musculoskeletal Disorders, 4th Edition, Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Karageanes, S., (2005), Principles of Manual Sports Medicine, Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Merni, F., Cicchella, A., Bombardi, F., Ciacci, S., Magenti, L., Olmucci, S., Coppini, L., (1992), Kinematic and dynamic analysis of sprint start. In:
ISBS Proceedings of the 10th Symposium of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Ed: Rodano, R. Edi-Ermes, Milan, pp. 120-123

Mero, A., Luhtanen, P., Komi, P.V., (1983), A Biomechanical study of the sprint start, Scandinaian Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 20-28

O'Donoghue, P., (2010), Research Methods for Sports Performance Analysis, Oxon: Routledge

Payne, A.H., Blader, F.B., (1971), The Mechanics of the Sprint Start, Medicine & Sport, Biomechanics II, Vol 6. pp. 225-231.
Schiffer, J., (2009), The Sprints, NSA by IAAF, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 7-17

Schot, P., Knutzen, K., (1992), A Biomechanical Analysis of Four Sprint Start Positions, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Vol. 63, No. 2, pp. 137-147

White, D.J., Olsen, P.D., (2010), A time motion analysis of bouldering style competitive rock climbing, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 24, No. 5, pp.1356-60

Wilson, F., Gormley, J., Hussey, J., (2011), Exercise Therapy in the Management of Muscuoskeletal Disorders, 2nd Edition, West Sussex: Blackwell Publishing Ltd A Comparison between an Elite Athlete and an Amateur Athlete
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