Transcript of The Great Galveston Hurricane
The Great Galveston Hurricane The Science Project by Zachary Young Date, Timeframe, and Location The Great Galveston Hurricane had formed in the Atlantic Ocean on August 8, 1900 as a tropical storm. Before 1950, hurricanes were not named. In Texas, the media and newspapers informed civilians of the incoming hurricane that was creeping around the Gulf of Mexico. The Weather Bureau had warned Texas and gave them a storm warning. The Weather Bureau is the modern day National Weather Service. This Hurricane is going to last from the 8th of August to the 15th of September The pedestrians have yet to know that it wasn't any storm. Strength and Statistics The hurricane had reached its peak on September 8, 1900. The storm was classified a category 4 hurricane. The hurricane had gotten up to 145 mph. The storm surge went up to 15 feet even though it was only low tide. The pressure was measured as low as 28.55 by a barometer. Water rose up to 20 feet above sea level. This was probably the worst natural disaster they had ever seen. Effects on Humans The Great Galveston Hurricane was the deadliest hurricane in the United States history. An estimated 12,000 people had died. All other hurricanes are not even close to killing 12,000 people. This hurricane is astonishing. The main cause of these many deaths were the reporters. They were too confident of their technology. They thought it wouldn't be so bad. Yet, they had no satellites or Doppler radars at the time. They did not trust the Cuban forecasters and underestimated the great hurricane. Galveston used to have a giant populations. The Path The Hurricane made its way through Cuba, Texas , and the Northeast. Galveston Effects on the Environment The Great Galveston Hurricane had a big impact on Texas's environment. The hurricane went in strong on Texas. 2,600 houses were destroyed. Many families were left homeless out in the cold. It must of taken years to recover. 1500 acres of the beach were lost which left the beach looking a bit bare. Many plants were destroyed obviously. Later, Hurricane Ike had hit Galveston too. They decided to enforce a wall to stop any other storm surges. Additionally, Galveston raised every building by about five feet. They had to lift it with jacks and fill mud underneath the building. It got as heavy as 3,000 tons or otherwise 6,000,000 pounds. Safety Procedures There is not much to say about this. They didn't have much technology to forecast and predict the hurricane's strength. Some people from the Weather Bureau would go out on there horse drawn wagon and warn the town of the incoming weather. It wasn't very efficient. On of these people is Issac Cline. One of his good deeds is that he went to local stores to advise putting their products 3 feet above the ground. As I told you, after Hurricane Ike they added more safety procedures such as walls and higher grounds. The End Citations Weather Underground. Weather Underground, 2012. Web. 13 Dec. 2012. Full transcript
Hurricane City. HurricaneCity.com, 1997. Web. 13 Dec. 2012.
<http://www.hurricanecity.com/city/galveston.htm>. John Edward Weems, "GALVESTON HURRICANE OF 1900," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ydg02), accessed December 13, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.