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Woman at Point Zero
Transcript of Woman at Point Zero
making after the constitution Egypt's Position on Capital Punishment Egypt is one of the leading countries in deaths from capital punishment Pro Capital Punishment:
government is for it Anti Capital Punishment:
against human rights
no evidence that it deters crime or violence
doesn't allow people to change or gain reconciliation
prison aims to reform and give second chances
execution creates a great injustice if wrongly accused The health inspection regulation for prostitutes in 1882 is considered the first official state recognition of prostitution in modern Egypt after Muhammad Ali exiled prostitutes to Upper Egypt in 1836. During the late 1890's, the government's concern about prostitution was informed by anxieties about health and security rather than morality. The Egyptian legal system is based on Islamic law (also known as Shariah law) and the Napoleonic Code. Shariah law is defined as the code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings and example of Mohammed. This law is only applicable to Muslims and under Islamic law there is no "separation of church and state". Egypt's supreme law is its written constitution How are the laws distinguished for different segments of society? In modern day Egypt, there are three social classes: the upper class, the middle class, and the lower class. Egyptians are born into the social classes that dictate their everyday life and opportunities. The majority of the population of Egypt is in the lower class and less than 10% is in the upper class. Egyptian law favors the upper class and will persecute a member of the lower class much more than a person of the upper class. There is very little social mobility. In ancient Egypt, prostitution was exceedingly popular and prevalent throughout history. Today, if caught with a prostitute, the man is considered a witness and is exempt from punishment if he testifies against the prostitute. The punishment for prostitutes is 3-36 months in prison and/or a fine. Laws pertaining Violence in Egypt Acts of violence fit into three categories of crime:
Felonies Punishments for violations:
Contravention- charged of a minor offense and a small fine.
Misdemeanor- charged with fines and minor imprisonment sentences.
Felony- punishable up to life in prison or even death. To maintain order in cities, Egypt has what is known as "umdah" which are people who represent the central authority figure. The "umdah" can sentence a violator to short sentences for minor offenses. What is Egypt's position on capital punishment? Capital Punishment is defined as the legally authorized killing of someone as punishment for a crime. Egyptian government fully supports capital punishment. The United Nations Committee revealed that Egypt is one of the countries amongst twelve worldwide that recorded more than 100 executions over a period of five years. How are Egypt's laws and criminal justice system similar and different to those of the United States? Similarities:
Both have judicial reviews that oversee the validity of another division of the government.
Egypt and Louisiana governments are loosely based off of the Napoleonic Code.
Both countries are supporters of Capital punishment. Differences:
Egypt's government is based off of Shariah law (Islamic law)
The United States' government is based off of English common law.
Egyptian government accepts compulsory ICJ (International Court of Justice) jurisdictions with reservations.
United States' government does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdictions at all. Work Cited:
Abdel Wahab, Dr. Mohamed S. "An Overview of the Egyptian Legal System and Legal Research." GlobaLex. Hauser Global Law School Program, n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/egypt.htm>.
"164 Human Rights Organizations throughout the World." FIDH. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.fidh.org/-english->.
"Egypt's Government Services Portal." Egypt's Government Services Portal. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.egypt.gov.eg/english/home.aspx>.
Hammad, and Hanan. "Between Egyptian "National Purity" and "Local Flexibility": Prostitution in Al-Mahalla Al-Kubra in the First Half of the 20th Century." Journal of Social History. N.p., 2011. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.questia.com/library/1G1-254405135/between-egyptian-national-purity-and-local-flexibility>.
"Egypt Electionnaire." Egypt Electionnaire. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://egypt.electionnaire.com/issues/?id=11>.
"The Origins of Islamic Law." Constitutional Rights Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.crf-usa.org/america-responds-to-terrorism/the-origins-of-islamic-law.html>.
Factbooks, CIA World. "Legal System Statistics - Countries Compared - NationMaster Government." NationMaster.com. NationMaster, n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/gov_leg_sys-government-legal-system>. During WWI prostitution began to grow tremendously whether it was legally or in secret. Girls as young as 14 began to sell themselves. There are three main authorities in Egypt:
The judicial system