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Successes and failures of WTO

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ophélie Baudoin

on 4 September 2018

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Transcript of Successes and failures of WTO

presentation of WTO
Seattle( 1999)
Doha (2001)
China (2001)
Bali (2013)
What is on the agenda of Doha?

Reduction of agricultural tariffs
Cut subsidies for agricultural products
Liberalisation of services
Anti-dumping rules
Environment issues
Protectionism of property rights

Conflict points
Market access for developing and developed countries

Developed countries want a significant reduction in tariffs in developing nations

Many developing countries are worried about their domestic existence

Developing countries push USA, EU and Japan to cut their agricultural subsidies

Hard competition for developing countries

Successes and failures of WTO
: Ophelie BAUDOIN and Julia MÜLLER

Bali Package
Definition of trade facilitation
Benefits of trade facilitation
Trade facilitation to reduce poverty
Bali Package of reforms adopted by WTO members
: Aude Crelier

: Journalist

Her subject
: Bali Package

“The simplification and harmonization of international trade procedures” where trade procedures are the “activities, practices and formalities involved in collecting, presenting, communicating and processing data required for the movement of goods in international trade”. (WTO)

Reduce trade costs between $350 billion and $1 000 billion

Increase trade between $33 billion and $100 billion of annual global export

Rise of global GDP of $960 billion per year

Increase estimated at $1000 billion in bilateral trade for developing countries

Increase of their GDP of $520 billion

: Inmaculada Díaz-Heredero

: Journalist

Her Subject:
China history
China entered on the WTO on 2001

China can create distortions

The motivation of China entering the WTO has its origin in the belief that an external impulse is needed to overcome internal barriers

They have certainly been exploited by certain interest groups and, as a result of these pressures, some measures have been included in the Protocol


In 1944 in Madrid

In the year 2000 in Prague

These year in Geneva in 2001

WTO members agree to extend drug patent exemption for poorest members.

The adoption of the new UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

The LDC group in the WTO, described the decision as “historic”

Improvement of
Trade facilitation
Trade costs reduced
Increase of exports
Job creation
and economic
Reduction of
: Economist
Explainations on
Seattle Topic
Purpose of Seattle :
Why did Seattle fail?
Agreeing rules governing the conduct of international trade

Administering and monitoring

Settling disputes among members

Role of WTO
Pursue and expend trade
liberalisation in a certain
number of domains
Differences between the United States and the Europeans

Difference between the developed countries and the developing countries.

Rich countries conclude the negotiations without developing countries and impose them an extension of the agreements of Marrakesh

Is perceived for them as a protectionist intention

Promote and set up transparency in the organisation

Developed cooperation between WTO and other agreements

Compatibility between WTO laws and certain convention.

Check coherence between WTO commitment and intervention of other international institutions.

Solutions for WTO
By the civil society

Issue of American elections

By the developing countries because of the social norms and bad treatment they were imposed in the negotiation process .

Incapacity of the system to take in conscious
reduction of increasing disparities between rich and poor countries of WTO.
Doha Round
: Meike Roller

: Journalist

Doha Round
Pressures on Seattle
Full transcript